Uropeltis rubromaculata

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Uropeltis rubromaculata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Uropeltidae
Genus: Uropeltis
Species: U. rubromaculata
Binomial name
Uropeltis rubromaculata
(Beddome, 1867)
Synonyms
  • Silybura rubro-maculata Beddome, 1867
  • Silybura rubromaculata
    - Beddome, 1886
  • Silybura rubromaculata
    - Boulenger, 1896
  • Uropeltis rubromaculatus
    - M.A. Smith, 1943
  • Uropeltis (Siluboura) rubromaculatus - Mahendra, 1984
  • Uropeltis rubromaculata
    - Das, 1996[2]
Common names: red-spotted earth snake.

Uropeltis rubromaculata is a nonvenomous shield tail snake species endemic to southern India. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in southern India in the Western Ghats in the Anaimalai Hills and Nilgiri Hills between 1,200 and 1,500 m (3,900 and 4,900 ft) elevation.

The type locality given is "Anamallay forests; 4,000 feet elevation".[2]

Description[edit]

Dorsum olive-brown. Some red blotches on each side of the anterior portion of the body, and one red blotch on each side of the tail near the vent. Ventrum variegated with yellow and red.

Adults may attain 34 cm (13 38 in) in total length.

Dorsal scales arranged in 17 rows at midbody, in 19 rows behind the head. Ventrals 127-136; subcaudals 8-10.

Snout obtuse. Rostral slightly more than ¼ the length of the shielded part of the head. Portion of rostral visible from above as long as its distance from the frontal. Nasals in contact with each other behind the rostral. Frontal slightly longer than broad. Diameter of eye ½ or slightly more than ½ the length of the ocular shield. Diameter of body 25 to 33 times in the total length. Ventrals two times as broad as the contiguous scales. End of tail flat dorsally, obliquely truncate, with strongly bicarinate or tricarinate scales. Terminal scute with a transverse ridge and two points.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Srinivasulu, C.; Srinivasulu, B.; Ganesan, S.R. & Vijayakumar, S.P. (2013). "Uropeltis rubromaculatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ "Uropeltis rubromaculata". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2 September 2007. 
  4. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I., Containing the Families...Uropeltidæ... Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. p. 157.

Further reading[edit]

  • Beddome, R.H. 1867. Descriptions and figures of Five New Snakes from the Madras Presidency. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 11: 14-16. [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 315- 317, 1940.]
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An Account of the Earth-Snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33.

External links[edit]