|Word/Name||Isasondo and Arautz (now Oñate)|
Urquía is a surname which originated in the municipalities of Isasondo and Arautz (now Oñate), in the province of Guipúzcoa, located in the Spanish Basque country. The villages of Urki Errota, and Urkigoena Urkigoena Azpi are in these districts.
Urquía signifies birch or "Place of the birches", which breaks down as follows: Urki refers to the birch tree, the suffix a denotes a locality. Birches were historically planted to mark territorial boundaries in the rural Basque country. There are several variations, such as Urkia, Urquía, Urquilla, Urquiza, Urquijo, Urquiaga, Urkullo, and Urquiola.
Urquía, as a surname, is recorded in writing in 1625 in Spain but was in use many years before.
On October 30, 1340, the military arm of the Urquía family, under orders from His Majesty King Alfonso XI of Castile, took part in the "Battle of Río Salado" winning a victory against the Moors near the Tafira coast. King Alfonso XI of Castile knighted Los Urquía following the Battle.
A branch of the family then came to Castellón by virtue of the Castilian origin of Valderrodilla, Soria Province and settled in Ávila, Madrid and Jaén. There is a connection to the Canary Islands, particularly Santa Cruz de Tenerife where they founded the Urquía home.
Coat of arms
Armorial bearings consist Urquía house:
The first: In a foil cross Gules (red), a band of gold (symbol of knighthood and cross from the right shoulder) pompous in dredger (2 dragons) Vert (green, is a symbol of strength) and accompanied on top of a silver arm with a silver dagger and a gold lining.
Distribution of the Surname
As with many Basque surnames, the surname spread with Spanish migration throughout the former Spanish territories in the Americas. The name today is found throughout Latin America, notably in Honduras. In Asia the name is also found in Guam and in the Philippines, where Urquia's are known to be a mix of Filipinos, Honduran, Puerto Rican, Italian and other origins.
- Apellidos en Canarias. Por Carlos Platero Fernández.
- Diccionario Heráldico de la Nobleza Guipuzcoana. Por Juan Carlos de Guerra. 1882-88.
- Diccionario Heráldico y Nobiliario de los Reinos de España. Por Fernando Gonzales Doria.
- Enciclopedia Hispanoamericana de la Heráldica, Genealogía y Onomástica. Por Arturo y Alberto García Carraffa. Continuado por: Endikado Mogrodejo.