User:B.C.Schmerker/Deborah Gibson (beta)

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deborah gibson
Birth name Deborah Ann Gibson
Also known as Debbie Gibson
(USA/Europe, 1986-1995;
JPN, 1987-present)
Origin United States New York City, NY
Genres Dance-pop, Bubblegum Pop,
Pop/Rock, Ballad, Techno,
House music, New Jack Swing,
Show Tunes
Occupation(s) Songwriter, Record producer,
Actress, Theatre author
Instruments Piano, Keyboards
Guitar, Flute
Years active 1986–present
Labels Atlantic (USA, 1986-1994)
SBK (USA, 1995)
Jellybean (USA, 1996-1998)
Espiritu (USA, 1996-2000)
Golden Egg (USA, 2001-2005)
Fynsworth Alley (GBR, 2003)
OarFin (USA, 2005)
Rhino (USA, 2006)
Associated acts Times Two
BROS
Circle Jerks
Backstreet Boys
Jordan Knight
O'Neill Brothers
Website Deborah-Gibson.com

Deborah Ann Gibson (born 31 August 1970, Brooklyn, New York, USA) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress who became the youngest person to write and perform a number-one song on the Billboard Hot 100. (The exact age is disputed: Gibson produced the song "Foolish Beat" in the spring of 1987, approximately one full year prior to its release as a single in April 1988 on Atlantic 89109; she had reached seventeen years seven months by 89109's release, seventeen years ten months when it took number one on the Hot 100.) Simultaneously one of Atlantic Records' best-selling artists of 1988-89 and the go-to girl of a Revlon cosmetics sales campaign aimed at her own teenager demographic at the time, she grew up into a competent all-around performer/author in concert and at the theatre. She explained her use of the handle "Debbie" during the Atlantic Years thusly in an interview posted in the Atlanta, Georgia-area publication Gay Atlanta (she always having used "Deborah" as a composer and producer, and since 1996 as a recording artist and performer):

"When I got my first record deal, they wanted to call me Debbie, so I went with it because I understood it from a business standpoint. But after a while it was strange calling myself something that wasn’t really my name...."[1]

A teetotaler, Gibson is not only still active in songwriting, record production, theatre, and film; she is an avid painter who has sold several works on eBay, the broker for the heavily-mirrored Baldwin grand piano (ex-Estate of Liberace) that holds a place of honor at her West Coast residence in the Hollywood, California area. [2] She has had a recent resurgence in popularity with respect to her best-selling songs from the Atlantic years, culminating in a Dean Parker musical she co-scored with Don Hopkinson.[3] Her most recent release (as of March 2009) is the song "Already Gone," apparently an online exclusive.[4]

Early life, 1970—1982[edit]

Born in Brooklyn, Gibson lived her wonder years in Merrick, Nassau County, NY. The third of four daughters to Joseph Gibson and Diane Pustizzi (which explains Deborah's 1/4-Italian genetics as granddaughter to Alberto Pustizzi[5]), she was a musical natural, composing "Make Sure You Know Your Classroom" at the age of six years. One of the first musical instruments she played was an ukulele; she transitioned to piano as she grew, maturing early under the tutelage of Nassau County-based keyboard-instruments instructor Morton Estrin.

In the late 1970's, Gibson sang with the Metropolitan Opera children's chorus.

During the early 1990's, Gibson summed up her pre-career situation of 1978-1982 (prior to Diane Pustizzi Gibson hiring Douglas Breitbart as manager) thusly in a Gary James interview:

"I literally knocked on doors myself. I can remember coming home from school, and my mom and I going through those industry papers and anything to do with music management, record companies, we'd be sitting there putting my picture, resume and demo in an envelope, and sending them off...."[6]

Career[edit]

"I Come from America" to Atlantic Records contract, 1982—1986[edit]

In 1982, young Gibson used a rather unusual Confirmation gift—a Casio synthesizer, where most girls of her then-demographic request jewelry—to compose a song for a radio-station songwriting contest: "I Come from America," which she recorded the same day to meet a next-day deadline for submissions.[7] The song, as it turns out, won young Gibson a $1000.00 prize, courtesy Radio Station WOR, who sponsored the New York PTA-administered trials, and the right to represent New York State in the National PTA songwriting finals.[8]

Later the same year, Diane Pustizzi Gibson hired New York City music expert Douglas Breitbart as young Gibson's manager; Breitbart would be the eventual executive producer for her first two albums. The next four years would be occupied with training and further songwriting in anticipation of a recording contract; Gibson wrote at least half the songs that would be recorded for the eventual Atlantic LP 81780 during this time—from actual dates of publication, "Only in My Dreams" in 1984; "Play the Field" in 1985; and "Foolish Beat," "Red Hot" and "Fallen Angel" in 1986.[9] (Although officially published in 1987, rumors exist that "Shake Your Love" and at least one other song on LP 81780 were actually composed 1986 or sooner.)

In 1984, Gibson landed a "walk-on" role for the Columbia Pictures feature film Ghostbusters: the Birthday Girl at Tavern on the Green.

The first record company to take notice of Gibson was Warner Communications subsidiary Atlantic Recording Corporation; at the time, Doug Morris (CEO of Universal Music Group from November 1995) was president under founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegün, with Larry Yasgar as A&R officer.

The Atlantic Years, 1986—1994[edit]

In 1986, Atlantic signed Gibson for a maxi single. "Only in My Dreams," produced by Fred Zarr and engineered by Don Feinberg for BiZarr Music, Inc., and mixed by "Little" Louie Vega, was released as a maxi single (Atlantic DM 86744) December 1986, and in remixed form as a radio single (Atlantic 89322) February 1987. With "Dreams" slow to catch on at both dance clubs and radio stations, Atlantic executives ordered a promotional tour; Zarr stepped up to the plate and produced two additional tracks for the resultant Dream Tour: "Shake Your Love," an eventual single, and "Fallen Angel." Wanting at least one ballad for the Dream Tour, Gibson produced "Foolish Beat," another eventual single, herself. (All four became tracks for the eventual LP 81780.)

The teen-tabloid press of the day immediately pitted Gibson against then-MCA recording artist Tiffany Renee Darwish (recording artist for 10 Spot Records, distributed by Water Music Records (Universal Music Group subsidiary label) as of June 2007), whose own debut album beat the Dream Tour out of the starting block by a month. As Darwish was touring the shopping centers their demographic frequented after school (for further info on "The Beautiful You: Celebrating The Good Life Shopping Mall Tour '87" see Tiffany (singer)#Recording contract and fame), Gibson was performing in nightclubs and bars, many of which catered to the 21-and-over crowd. Billboard Magazine records indicate that both strategies worked.

By July 1987, Atlantic executives were demanding an album, based on the success of "Only in My Dreams," so Breitbart got studio time for Gibson with not only Zarr ("Wake Up to Love," "Out of the Blue," "Staying Together"), but also John Morales and Sergio Munzibai ("Red Hot," "Between the Lines") in New York and Lewis A. Martineé ("Play the Field," the arrangement whereof parallels Martineé's work with Exposé, a dance-pop girl group of the day) in Florida. "Shake Your Love," already in hand, was released to dance clubs and radio stations (Atlantic DM 86651 and single 89187, respectively) as the leadoff single to the new LP 81780, now officially titled Out of the Blue. "Shake Your Love" and "Only in My Dreams" also appeared on the Atlantic Japan/Warner-Pioneer soundtrack album a·ki·re·ta–DEKA (あきれた刑事) - Original Soundtrack (Atlantic Japan LP 32XD-901); "Red Hot" also appeared on the Atlantic soundtrack album Fatal Beauty - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (LP 81809). Near-simultaneously with the album release, Revlon Consumer Products Corporation signed Gibson as a spokeswoman for its Natural Wonder Cosmetics subsidiary; during the summer of 1988, Natural Wonder would sponsor the Out of the Blue Tour.

On 15 October 1988, after concluding the Out of the Blue Tour, Gibson sang the National Anthem for Game One of the 105th Annual Major League Baseball World Series, popularly known as the Gibson-to-Gibson Game after Kirk Gibson's winning home run for the Los Angeles Dodgers off losing pitcher Dennis Eckersley of the Oakland Athletics[10] (see also 1988 World Series#Game 1).

During October—December 1988, Gibson recorded a follow-up album, eventually released February 1989 under the title Electric Youth (Atlantic LP 81932) on the heels of leadoff single "Lost in Your Eyes" (single 88970); "Eyes" would eventually hold #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for three weeks during March 1989, and Youth #1 on the Billboard Hot Albums for five in March-April. Gibson also designed a fragrance, manufactured by Revlon and marketed under the title "Electric Youth by Debbie Gibson" by Natural Wonder, which would also sponsor the Electric Youth World Tour during the summer and autumn of 1989.

In 1990, Gibson recorded Anything Is Possible (Atlantic LP 82167), which stalled at #41 on the Billboard Hot Albums.

In 1992, Gibson recorded Body Mind Soul (Atlantic LP 82451), which stalled at #109 on the Billboard Hot 200. Gibson also landed the role of Eponine in the Best of Broadway production of Les Misérables.

Atlantic released a compilation album, Greatest Hits (LP 82624), in 1995.

Side projects during this era included a memoir co-written with Mark Bego, Between the Lines (Diamond Books, 1989); two tracks for the soundtrack album The Wonder Years - Music from the Emmy Award-Winning Show and its Era (Atlantic LP 82032); a live-performed song for the Earth '90: Children and the Environment telecast, "Whose World Is It?" (unreleased); and two singles for Pioneer Records of Japan, "Without You" b/w "Without You (Instrumental)" (CD3 #AMDY-5034) and "Eyes of the Child" b/w "Love or Money" (CD3 #AMDY-5106).

In addition to her own side projects, Gibson participated on a maxi single for a Japanese pop singer-songwriter, "Reimy - Speed of Light" (A&M 12268), simultaneously a track for the Japanese TV series soundtrack album a·ki·re·ta–DEKA (あきれた刑事)Original Soundtrack (Atlantic Japan / Warner-Pioneer LP #32XD-901); a track from the Epic Records album Michael Jackson - Bad (EK 40600), spec. "Liberian Girl"; a debut album for another singer-songwriter, Chris Cuevas - Somehow, Someway (Atlantic LP 82187) and two related singles; the Parc/Epic album Ana - Body Language (Epic ZT 45355); the Hollywood Records album The Party (HR 60980); and the David Foster-produced Giant all-star single "Voices That Care" (Giant single 19350).

SBK, Jellybean, Espiritu, Golden Egg, Fynsworth Alley, OarFin, and Rhino, 1994—2006[edit]

In 1994, Gibson signed with EMI for an album that would eventually be distributed by its SBK Records subsidiary: Think with Your Heart (SBK/EMI LP 32559). One album track from this project, "Don'tcha Want Me Now?", got TV airplay on a situation comedy on which she had guest-starred in the role of a pop star by the name of Christie Rose: Step by Step: Roadie. Gibson also landed roles in two interpretations of the Stephen Sondheim musical Grease: Sandra Dee at London's West End (1993-1994) and Rizzo in a touring production in the United States (1995-1996).

In 1996, after concluding her EMI obligations, Gibson started up a record distribution division, Espiritu Records, within the GMI Entertainment corporate structure, in addition to signing for two maxi singles with Jellybean Recordings, and recorded her sixth studio album, simply titled Deborah (LP 9602). (The Japan counterpart album, identically tracked and distributed by Sony Music Entertainment Japan, is titled Moonchild.) Promotion included a talk-show circuit to perform "Only Words" (Jellybean Recordings DM 2524), a maxi single coordinated with Espiritu LP 9602. Later the same year, Gibson also played Fanny Bryce in a touring production of Funny Girl.

In 1998, Gibson released a complete rework of her first Atlantic song as a stand-alone maxi single: "Only in My Dreams 1998" (Jellybean Recordings DM 2532). She also landed the title role (viz., Gypsy Rose Lee) in the Paper Mill Playhouse production of Gypsy: A Musical Fable; the production was cancelled mid-run on account of a legal dispute between the Producers and the Copyright Administrator for the script.

In 1999, Gibson landed the Narrator in Best of Broadway's Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat for 1999-2000; and the title role in the Rodgers and Hammerstein interpretation of Cinderella, a setting to music of the Giambattista Basile-Charles Perrault version, for 2000-2001.[11]

In 2001, the Espiritu label had been retired after a last single was delivered, viz., "What You Want" (Espiritu 8317), and replaced by the Golden Egg Records label. First project released by Golden Egg was the album M.Y.O.B. (Golden Egg LP 1234), accompanied by the maxi single "Your Secret" (Golden Egg DM 1146). Unfortunately, Golden Egg collapsed before a follow-on single to "Your Secret" could be completed.

In 2002, Gibson recorded an album for Fynsworth Alley Pty. Ltd. based on her music theatre experience, including one song from her original musical Skirts (then under construction at script level): Colored Lights: The Broadway Album (Fynsworth Alley LP 302 062 195). Thereafter, she performed two musical roles for Reprise! Broadway, in addition to a stint as Velma Kelly in a Boston-based performance of Chicago: Meg in Lerner and Loewe's Brigadoon; Marta in Company; plus Nellie in the Fresno Grand Opera production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific.

In 2003, given the runaway success of the FOX Television talent-show series American Idol, FOX launched a spinoff show, American Juniors, casting Gibson, Gladys Knight and Jordan Knight as principal judges. Juniors was cancelled after one season.

In 2005, in sync with the Playboy Magazine Sex and Music Issue, Gibson released another stand-alone single, this time on Minneapolis, Minnesota-based OarFin Records: "Naked" (OarFin #869840016); fan reaction was split over this single and the Playboy spread. She also landed Sally Bowles in the Rob Marshall-Sam Mendez production of Cabaret, and released two compilation albums of demos stretching all the way back to the Atlantic years: Memory Lane, Volume 1 in January, and Memory Lane, Volume 2 in October (distributor data pending).

In January-February 2006, Gibson was featured on the FOX Television reality mini-series Skating with Celebrities, along with Olympic Gold Medalist skater Kurt Browning; she was nursing a leg injury at the time, so the third week vote-out was predictable to industry analysts. Since then, she has seen a resurgence in popularity in niche markets.

On 14 November 2006, Gibson released a digital single at Deborah-Gibson.com: "Famous," co-written with and produced by Tiziano Lugli[disambiguation needed].

Also in 2006, Rhino Records released a best-of EP for Gibson, Rhino Hi-Five: Debbie Gibson, which included her 1989 song "Who Loves Ya Baby?" as a single for the first time.

Gibson's other-artists projects included a backing-vocals session for the Circle Jerks at the request of Think With Your Heart producer Niko Bolas; a song for the Japanese pop group w-inds.; the all-star benefit single "We Are Family" (Tommy Boy TBCD-2331, released October 23 2001); the track "Light the World" on Peabo Bryson's album Unconditional Love (Windham Hill #01005-82169); "Someone You Love", co-written with Tim and Ryan O'Neill for the O'Neill Brothers album of the same title (private label); a new version of "Lost in Your Eyes" recorded for the same album; and "Say Goodbye," a duet with Jordan Knight for Knight's solo album Love Songs (originally Trans Continental Records TC-1-003; new distributor data pending in wake of State of Florida, Office of Financial Regulation v. Trans Continental Airlines, Inc., et al., Case No. 48-2006-CA-011136, and United States v. Louis Jay Pearlman, Case No. 6:07-cr).

Electric Youth and Beyond, 2007—present[edit]

In May 2007, Dean Parker Productions LLC showed, for two weeks at Orlando, Florida, a musical named for one of Gibson's best-selling albums: Electric Youth. Primarily scored by Don Hopkinson, this music-theater show features fourteen of Gibson's Atlantic-years songs, including the title song, "Only in My Dreams," "Out of the Blue," and "Lost in Your Eyes."[12]

In 2008, Gibson, in coordination with Howard Fine, Cynthia Bain and Diane Pustizzi Gibson, operated two musical theatre seminar for children, both titled Camp Electric Youth: one in the Los Angeles, California area, July 7–18 and July 21–August 1, 2008, and one in New York City for December 26—30, 2008. As of May 2009, a further camp is scheduled for Hollywood, California for July 6—17, 2009.[13]

On 9 March 2009, Gibson released another digital single: "Already Gone." Vital data are pending.[14]

Music and theatre reviews to date[edit]

Among the awards Gibson has won are the following:

1988 - Youngest person to write, produce and perform a #1 single on the Billboard Hot 100: "Foolish Beat," Atlantic 89109, Billboard Magazine

1988 - Debut Artist of the Year, New York Music Awards

1988 - Debut Album of the Year: Out of the Blue, Atlantic SD 81780, New York Music Awards

1989 - Co-Songwriter of the Year (with Bruce Springsteen), American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

1990 - Best Pop Female Vocalist, New York Music Awards

1990 - Song of the Year: "Lost in Your Eyes," Atlantic 88970, New York Music Awards

1990 - Artist of the Year, New York Music Awards

1990 - Rock Producer of the Year, American Songwriter Awards [15]

Personal life, 1982—present[edit]

Never married, with no known children, Gibson has had a dating history with other celebrities. Known examples include the following:

1988Brian Bloom, television actor, who escorted her at the Class of 1988 Senior Promenade, Sanford H. Calhoun High School.[16]

1994Darren Day, English singer-actor.[17] Day has a rap sheet of infidelity on at least nine significant females (as of 2006).[18]

Year pending—Chris Bruno, an actor.[19]

2006Lorenzo Lamas, best known for the TV series Renegade.[20]

2007Joseph Gian, a singer-songwriter-actor who composes in a style consistent with easy listening.[21]

Multiple reports also exist of Gibson seriously dating certain other musicians who were co-workers at various times during her career with GMI Entertainment.

As a philanthropist, Gibson founded a charity in memoriam of her maternal grandfather: the Alberto Pustizzi Alzheimer's Foundation; she also supports the T. J. Martell Foundation, Make A Wish, Pediatric AIDS, and others. [22]

On a financial note, Gibson put her Los Angeles, CA, area residence up for sale in 2009.[23]

Tributes[edit]

Some notable music groups have done original tribute songs to Gibson.

In 1990, Finn hip hop band Raptori composed an original rap in her honor: "Debi Gibson," originally for their Megamania Records album Moe! (Megamania MGM 2031) and remixed soon afterward as a maxi single (MGX 173).

Adverse treatment in the media[edit]

Gibson has been the subject of adverse views at various times in her career.

Sometime in the early 1980's, Bill Hicks had derided Gibson on a then-unpublished form of the eventual "Shake Your Love" in the Sane Man comedy show.[citation needed]

In 1989, Neill Kirby McMillan Jr. (alias Mojo Nixon) and Richard Banke (alias Skid Roper) slandered Gibson in song with a single whereover almost the entire radio industry closed ranks with MTV Music Television: "Debbie Gibson Is Pregnant With My Two-Headed Love Child," released by Enigma Records allegedly in support of the album Root Hog or Die (Enigma LP 792 335).[24] MTV refused to run the video for this song; pop radio likewise refused to air the single.

Gibson was mentioned in passing on "When the Beatles Hit America," a song performed by Wesley Stace (alias John Wesley Harding) (Sire LP 26240 Just Say Da).

As subject of the obsessions of others[edit]

In the mid-1980's, Gibson was a planned target for Robert John Bardo (since found guilty of the 1989 murder of Rebecca Schaeffer and sentenced to life without parole at Mule Creek State Prison, California).

In 1989, Charles Michael Kittridge Thompson IV (alias Black Francis) of then-4AD recording artists the Pixies wrote a song describing fellow Pixie David Lovering's infatuation over (obsession with?) Gibson: "Make Believe," originally B-side to "Velouria" (released as a single July 16, 1990) and later included in the album Complete 'B' Sides (LP 2103).

Legacy[edit]

In the post-Atlantic Years pop music world, the situation among prospective teen music stars has changed dramatically. Gibson's first beneficiary in the music market was in fact Gibson's successor as the Atlantic Records point teen princess: Jewel Kilcher (newly-signed Valory/Big Machine recording artist as of November 2007), who was signed to Atlantic while in the San Diego, California area—her debut album, Pieces of You (Atlantic LP 82700), released in 1995, came on the heels of Greatest Hits (LP 82624). Over the following several years, both Zomba Label Group and Walt Disney Records released hit albums from multiple teen artists, a current trend. As of September 2008, the current most-notable beneficiary of Gibson's efforts is Destiny Hope Cyrus (officially Miley Ray Cyrus as of May 2008), a singer-songwriter-actress who plays the title role in the ongoing Disney TV series Hannah MontanaWalt Disney Records also released her debut album as a solo artist, Meet Miley Cyrus; Walt Disney Pictures presented, during February 2008, the live-filmed motion picture Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert; Hollywood Records released Cyrus' second album, Breakout, on July 22, 2008; and Walt Disney Pictures is presenting, from April 10, 2009, her feature film Hannah Montana: The Movie.

Among the artists that cite Gibson as a major influence are the following:

Sharyl McLauchlin Rains, singer-songwriter-actress, Edmonton, AB, CAN.[25][26]

Discography[edit]

Chart positions[edit]

Albums[edit]

Year Title Chart positions U.S. sales
USA
Album
GBR
Album
CAN
Album
AUS
Album
JPN
Album
SWI
Album
NED
Album
SWE
Album
1987 Out of the Blue (as Debbie Gibson)
7
26
16
66
75
29
34
3 Million
1989 Electric Youth (as Debbie Gibson)
1
8
4
10
15
21
43
2 Million
1990 Anything Is Possible (as Debbie Gibson)
41
69
58
86
15
21
500,000+
1993 Body Mind Soul (as Debbie Gibson)
109
46
50,000
1995 Think with Your Heart (as Debbie Gibson)
46
25,000
1995 Greatest Hits (as Debbie Gibson)
63
1997 Deborah
1999 Lost in Your Eyes and Other Hits (as Debbie Gibson)
2001 M.Y.O.B.
20,000
2003 Colored Lights: The Broadway Album
2005 Memory Lane, Volume 1
2005 Memory Lane, Volume 2
2006 Rhino Hi-Five: Debbie Gibson

Singles[edit]

Year Title Album Chart positions
USA
100
USA
AC
USA
Maxi
USA
Dance
GBR
Sales
CAN
Single
AUS
Single
SWI
Single
NED
Single
FRG
Single
JPN
Single
1986 Only in My Dreams (as Debbie Gibson)
4
31
4
12
11
6
1987 Shake Your Love (as Debbie Gibson) Out of the Blue
4
1
44
7
10
27
19
24
1987 Out of the Blue (as Debbie Gibson)
3
16
1
44
19
21
71
1988 Foolish Beat (as Debbie Gibson)
1
8
31
9
1
49
10
8
1988 Red Hot (as Debbie Gibson)
1988 Staying Together (as Debbie Gibson)
26
22
29
1989 Lost in Your Eyes (as Debbie Gibson) Electric Youth
1
3
34
5
8
1989 Electric Youth (as Debbie Gibson)
11
2
3
14
15
17
14
1989 No More Rhyme (as Debbie Gibson)
17
13
59
1989 We Could Be Together (as Debbie Gibson)
71
22
53
1990 Without You (as Debbie Gibson)
26
1990 Anything Is Possible (as Debbie Gibson) Anything Is Possible
26
48
51
17
63
1991 (This So-Called) Miracle (as Debbie Gibson)
1991 One Hand, One Heart (as Debbie Gibson)
1991 One Step Ahead (as Debbie Gibson)
21
18
1991 Sure (as Debbie Gibson)
1991 In His Mind (as Debbie Gibson)
90
1993 Losin' Myself (as Debbie Gibson)
Body Mind Soul
86
49
46
1993 Eyes of the Child (as Debbie Gibson)
1993 Shock Your Mama (as Debbie Gibson) Body Mind Soul
74
1993 Free Me (as Debbie Gibson)
1996 Only Words Deborah
37
1998 Moonchild
1998 Only in My Dreams 1998
1998 Naturally
2000 What You Want M.Y.O.B.
2001 Your Secret
2005 Naked

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gay Atlanta interview, December 2004, /Gay_Atlanta/2004/12/Deborah_Gibson_.html at ATLANTAboy.com.
  2. ^ "Star Exclusive: Debbie Gibson's Secret Obsession: Liberace!," /Press/StarMag01152007.shtml at Deborah-Gibson.com. Retrieved 2008 (link no longer valid).
  3. ^ "About Us," /aboutus.html at ElectricYouthMusical.com (link no longer valid).
  4. ^ /Music at Deborah-Gibson.com. Retrieved 05:34, 23 April 2009 (UTC).
  5. ^ About Deborah at Deborah-Gibson.com. Retrieved 07:22, 10 March 2009 (UTC).
  6. ^ Excerpt from Gary James interview, /Interviews/Debbie_Gibson_2.htm at FamousInterview.ca.
  7. ^ Richard Harrington, "What Makes Debbie A-Doo Run-Run? Teen Star Debbie Gibson & Her Drive to the Top," Washington Post, July 10, 1988.
  8. ^ David Abels, "A Dream Life for a Teenager: Long Islander Debbie Gibson has a single, `Only in My Dreams,' moving quickly up the pop charts and an album in the works," Newsday (Combined editions), Long Island, NY, Jun 29, 1987.
  9. ^ Out of the Blue (Debbie Gibson songbook), CatNo. HL00356822. Hal Leonard, 1988.
  10. ^ "105th Annual World Series - Game 1 - Oakland Athletics 4, Los Angeles Dodgers 5," /BoxesEtc/1988/B10150LAN1988.htm at Retrosheet.com.
  11. ^ /Film/6/Deborah-Gibson.html at FilmReference.com.
  12. ^ /ElectricYouthMusical.html at ElectricYouthMusical.com (link no longer valid). Retrieved 05:26, 24 March 2008 (UTC).
  13. ^ /Popup/About.html at DeborahGibsonsElectricYouth.com. Retrieved 04:48, 23 April 2009 (UTC).
  14. ^ /Music at DeborahGibson.Wordpress.com. Retrieved 5:08, 23 April 2009 (UTC).
  15. ^ About Deborah at Deborah-Gibson.com. Retrieved 07:38, 10 March 2009 (UTC).
  16. ^ Richard Harrington, op. cit.
  17. ^ /Name/NM0206372 at IMDB.com
  18. ^ "Keep yer trousers up, Darren!", /article/0,,5-2004531032,,00.html at TheSun.co.uk.
  19. ^ /Deborah-Gibson/person/69025/Biography.html at TV.com
  20. ^ Trivia subpage, deborah-gibson/person/69025/trivia.html at TV.com.
  21. ^ "Deborah Gibson Finds Love with 'Beverly Hills 90210' Star," /News/Index.php/2007/04/07 at StarPulse.com.
  22. ^ /Bio/Index3.shtml at Deborah-Gibson.com. Retrieved 05:38 27 August 2007 (UTC) (link no longer valid).
  23. ^ "Rep: Debbie Gibson's Home Not in Foreclosure" at OMG.Yahoo.com. Retrieved 05:18, 23 April 2009 (UTC).
  24. ^ /Music/artist/nixon_mojo/artist.jhtml at MTV.com. Retrieved 05:06, 5 May 2008 (UTC).
  25. ^ Band No. 112172, /Bands/PageArtist.cfm at Soundclick.com.
  26. ^ SharylRains description page at TalentMatch.com.

References[edit]

  • Deborah Gibson and Mark Bego, Between the Lines (paperback). Diamond Books (now dist. by Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum), 1989.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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