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وهبي الحريري


  1. ^ "La storia dell'Accademia di Belle Arti di Roma". Accademia di Belle Arti di Roma (in Italian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-26. 
  2. ^ Kaaki, Lisa (2002-01-25). "Wahbi Al-Hariri - the last of the classicists". Arab News. Saudi Research & Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 24 June 2013. After I finished my books, I felt I had to do another one and I thought that if I were to choose a subject, it had to be mosques [...] I caught a glimpse of sun rays filtering through a window, thus lighting up a portion of this magnificent building. I was racing against the sun, desperately trying to finish my sketch before the light disappeared. I knew I had only an hour and a half before sunset. 
  3. ^ al-Hariri-Rifai, Muhammad Wahbi (1981). التراث المعماري في المملكة العربية السعودية (al-Turāth al-miʻmārī fī al-Mamlakah al-ʻArabīyah al-Saʻūdīyah)Traditional Architecture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (in Arabic and English). Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and Florence, Italy: Saudi Reasearch and Development Corporation, with Fratelli Alinari Istituto di Edizioni Artistiche. LCCN 83450071. OCLC 9322259. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  4. ^ Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture (1983). "Materials Acquired July 1982-June 1983". Cambridge: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture Documentation Center at Harvard University: 2–3. ISSN 0898-2988. LCCN 89646279. OCLC 14406276. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Smithsonian Institution Presents Exhibition of Drawings Showing the Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia" (Press Release) (Available from Smithsonian archive byrequest). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, The Office of Public Affairs. 1984-09-24. SI-368-84. The press is invited to preview the exhibition [...] Esin Atil, curator of the exhibition, and Professor Al-Hariri will be present to discuss the artworks [...] Twenty-two drawings of Saudi Arabia's architectural monuments by Professor Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai, a distinguished Syrian-born architectural historian and artist, will be shown in an exhibition, "Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia," [] the Smithsonian Institution Building (the Castle) from Oct. 10 through Nov. 7. [...] Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai was born in Aleppo, Syria, in 1914. After graduating from the Accademia Reale di Belle Arti in Rome in 1937, he taught and practiced art in Syria, where he was appointed inspector general of historical monuments and sites. In 1948, he moved to Paris to study architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. There he received his degree with highest honors and was awarded the Bronze Medal of Distinction. 
  6. ^ Abu-Fadil, Magda (1985). "An Arabian heritage in peril: Magda Abu-Fadil profiles an artist who has produced a visual record of Saudi Arabia's traditional architecture". The Middle East. London: IC Publications Limited. Issues 123-134: 27–28. ISSN 0305-0734. LCCN 86658595. OCLC 12251136. Retrieved June 14, 2013. A distinguished Syrian-born architectural historian and artist has achieved a life-time's ambition with his recent exhibition of drawings of Saudi Arabia's architectural heritage. The 22 original pencil drawings were seen for the first time at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington last year. Professor Wahbi al-Hariri-Rifai has lived in Saudi Arabia since 1964, and has been actively involved in archeological research and the preservation of historical monuments. He has been concerned at the rapid disappearance of many styles of architecture in the recent building boom, and has, over the last 15 years, tried to document them before they disappear. Hariri was born in Aleppo in 1914. After graduating from the Academia Reale di Belli Arti and the Danti Alighieri Institute in Rome, he returned to Syria and later became inspector-general of historical monuments. In 1948 he went on to study architecture at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and the Louvre in Paris. The group of drawings in the exhibition has been collected in a limited facsimile edition of 2,000 copies, entitled Traditional Architecture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which has been distributed to heads of state, museums, libraries, and universities. 
  7. ^ "The Spiritual Edifices of Islam". Aramco World. Houston, Texas: Aramco Services Co. 53: 51. 2002. ISSN 1530-5821. OCLC 44262736. Retrieved 17 June 2013. The Spiritual Edifices of Islam is a Smithsonian traveling exhibit that features 33 original graphite drawings by internationally acclaimed Arab-American artist Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai (1914-1994) depicting some of the world's most significant mosques. Also included in the exhibit are earlier works by the artist in watercolor and pastel. Beit al-Qur'an Museum, Manama, Bahrain, through November 1.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. ^ Khal, Helen (1984-11-8). "Architectural Legacy of Saudi Arabia". Arab Perspectives=Mawāqif ʻArabīyah. Washington, D.C.: Arab Information Center. 5: 4–11. ISSN 0733-5385. LCCN 82644162. OCLC 11568009. Archived from the original (Article) on 2013-06-23. Retrieved June 14, 2013. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a vast, ancient land that presents striking contrasts between a heritage as old as the origins of the Arab people and modern development impressive for its scope and technology. Like other countries in the grip of progress, Saudi Arabia is trying to preserve its traditions while it creates the bases for a secure future. But it is not easy to save vestiges of the past, especially fine old buildings, from being swept away on the tide of development [...] One man who contributed to this effort is Wahbi al-Hariri-Rifai, a Syrian-born architectural historian and artist, who This was made possible through the reproduction of the drawings, full size, in an impressive book, Traditional Architecture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The volume is a special edition of 2,000 copies only, printed in Florence, Italy, under the personal supervision of the artist himself. Al-Hariri is working on a companion volume, which will focus on the history and substance of traditional Saudi architecture, including drawings, photographs and detailed descriptions of techniques and materials. It is only then, Al-Hariri says, that he will have completed this self-appointed task, as an architect and an artist. Helen Khal is a well known Washington art critic.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ "Bibliografia nazionale italiana". 25. Istituto centrale per il catalogo unico delle biblioteche italiane e per le informazioni bibliografiche, Centro nazionale per il catalogo unico delle biblioteche italiane e per le informazioni bibliografiche, Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Firenze. 1982: 341–. ISSN 0006-1077. LCCN 62051145. OCLC 1519749. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Livres" [Books]. Islamochristiana = Islāmīyāt Masīḥīyā (in Arabic, English, French, and and German). Rome: Pontificio Istituto di Studi Arabi. 9–10: 303. 1983. ISSN 0392-7288. OCLC 3817880. Retrieved June 14, 2013. Ce volume de grande dimension reproduit des dessins au crayon représentant des immeubles ou des ensembles architecturaux situés en différents points du territoire d'Arabie Saoudite. 
  11. ^ Forgey, Benjamin (1984-10-22). "Village Views of Saudi Arabia". The Washington Post. C7. We are given a privileged look at such villages, and other extraordinary manifestations of traditional Saudi architecture, in sensitive pencil drawings by Wahbi Hariri-Rifai, on view through Nov. 7 in the Smithsonian Castle. Hariri-Rifai, 70, is a distinguished architect...Hariri-Rifai was born in Syria and was educated as an architect [...] His Beaux-Arts training shows in the enormous skill with which he draws [...] A modern scholar might be content with photographs, especially in areas where mid-afternoon temperatures rise beyond 110 degrees Fahrenheit, but Hariri-Rifai obviously believes that there is something more to be learned--absorbed, really--in the patient exercise of hand and pencil upon a blank sheet of paper. This conviction is our good fortune, for the drawings combine an archeologist's respect for the facts with an artist's sensitivity to the spirit of a place 
  12. ^ "معرض بيوت الله" [Spiritual Edifices of Islam Exhibit]. أفكار=Afkār (National government publication) (in Arabic). Amman, Jordan: Dāʼirat al-Thaqāfah wa-al-Funūn, Wizārat al-Thaqāfah wa-al-Iʻlām (Ministry of Culture and Information). January 2002. LCCN 79232359. OCLC 5175586. Retrieved 14 June 2013. و في المتحف الوطني الأردني للفنون الجميله افتتحت جلالتها معرض الفنان السوري (وهبي الحريري) والذي جاء تحت عنوان (بيوت الله) و قد ضم المعرض جناحين: الأول أحتوى على (١٨) لوحة أما الجناح الثاني فقد ضم (٣٣) لوحة صور من خلالها المساجد في جميع أنحاء العالم و زخارف العمارة (And in the National Gallery of Fine Arts of Jordan, Her Majesty [Queen Rania] opened the exhibit of Syrian artist Wahbi al-Hariri that was titled The Spiritual Edifices of Islam and featured two collections: the first included 18 pieces [retrospective collection of the artist's work] while the second featured 33 pieces portraying the most significant mosques throughout the entire world).  External link in |publisher= (help)
  13. ^ ʻAbd al-Raḥmān, Ḥamīdah, ed. (1960), "الفن الحديث (Contemporary Art", أحياء التراث العربي:‏محافظة حلب (Iḥyāʼ al-turāth al-ʻArabī: Muḥāfaẓat Ḥalab) [A Revival of our Arab Heritage: Aleppo] (National government publication), سلسلة بلادنا (Silsilat Bilādinā) (in Arabic), Damascus, Syria: Manshūrāt Wizārat al-Thaqāfah fī al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah al-Sūrīyah (Publications of the Ministry of Culture in the Syrian Arab Republic), OCLC 42016233, retrieved 18 June 2013, lay summaryUniversity of Toronto Libraries, ولكن كان لفن الرسم النصيب الأوفى اذ نبغ فيه عدد من الرسامين المرموقين الذين استُقبلت لوحاتهم في المعارض المحلية واحيانا الدولية ونخص بالذكر منهم الأساتذة: وهبي الحريري المهندس، غالب سالم، نديم بخاش، نوبار صباغ، لؤي كيالي، ونبغ فاتح المدرس (But it was in drawing that several artists excelled with many being featured in national exhibitions and, sometimes, international ones, among which were prominently at the forefront: the architect Wahbi al-Hariri, Ghalib Salem, Nadim Bakhash, Nubar Sabbagh, Louay Kayyali, and Fateh Moudarres.) 
  14. ^ بركات، تمام علي (Barakat, Tamam Ali) (2013-02-24). "الفنان التشكيلي محمد فتحي قباوه" [The Artist Muhammad Fathi Kabbawah]. Tishreen (in Arabic). Damascus, Syria: مؤسسة الوحدة للصحافة والطباعة والنشر (Unity Establishment for Press, Printing and Publishing). Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 19 June 2013. في التعرّف إلى المبادئ الأولية لفن الرسم والتصوير حين كان طالباً في /التجهيز الأولى/ من خلال إشراف الأساتذة «منيب النقشبندي» و«غالب سالم» و«وهبي الحريري». ([Fathi Muhammad Kabbawah] had the opportunity to study the principles and techniques of drawing and painting while he was a student at the Tajhiz under the auspices of professors Munib Naqshbandi, Ghalib Salem, and Wahbe al-Hariri.) 
  15. ^ "The Work of Wahbi al-Hariri-Rifai: Saudi Arabia's Rich Building Heritage". The Jerusalem Star. 1985-05-30. p. 6. OCLC 503765762. But for Syrian-born architect Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai, this architecture has been the focus of 15 years of research and documentation. [...] During his time in Saudi Arabia Prof. Al-Hariri-Rifai has produced a large body of drawings, rendered in graphite on paper, which document the diversity of architectural styles, building materials and geographic regions that exist in Saudi Arabia. 
  16. ^ Bushnaq, Mary Jane (1984-10-15). "Smithsonian Castle Exhibit Features Drawings of Historic Saudi Arabian Regional Architecture for Museum Visitors". Saudi Report. Houston, Texas: Saudi Research & Marketing: 5. ISSN 0278-8772. LCCN 81646044. OCLC 7885194. "These drawings preserve a historical record of the architecture of Saudi Arabia." The drawings referred by Dr. Esin Atil, curator of the exhibit, "Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia," are 22 original graphite pencil sketches by Professor Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai. [...] Dr. Atil noted that "inasmuch as some of the buildings depicted are no longer standing, they provide a permanent record of the buildings' existence." [...] Commented Atil, "The drawings show the artist's interpretation of every detail, evoking nuances difficult to capture in photographic techniques." [...] Delighted with an opportunity to educate the approximately 900,00 visitors to the Smithsonian Castle, Atil chose to highlight the historical focus of Hariri-Rifai's drawings and show the impact of the environment and outside influences on the architecture. 
  17. ^ حمارنة، سمر (Ḥamārnah, Samar), ed. (1999). كيف يرى فاتح المدرس [Fateh Moudarres's Point of View]. Damascus, Syria: Nabīl al-Quṣayyir and Samar Ḥamārnah. p. 54. LCCN 99904372. OCLC 43253386. Retrieved 14 June 2013. المهندس (وهبي الحريري) فعلمنا الأناقه في الرسم و كيف يجب أن ننظر إلى الأشياء باحترام و أن نجريها بشكل يتناسب و نظام الكون الدقيق . نعم لقد كانت فرصه عظيمه إذ تعلمت على أيدي أساتذه خبراء (the architect Wahbi Al-Hariri taught me elegance in drawing, how you should look at things with respect and pursue them accordingly, and the exact order of the universe. Indeed it was a great opportunity, for I was taught at the hands of expert professors).  line feed character in |quote= at position 132 (help)
  18. ^ نعال، مختار فوزي ( Naʻʻāl, Mukhtār Fawzī) (2005). ينبوع الذهب فيما كتب عن حلب : تاريخيا - عسكريا - أدبيا -فنيا [Best Writing on Aleppo: History, Military, Literature, and Art] (in Arabic). Aleppo, Syria: دار الرضوان (Dār al-Raḍwān). OCLC 72522697. أسس عدد من الرواد في حلب الحركة التشكيلية وهم كانوا من الأوائل الذين درسوا الفنون الجميلة في روما وباريس في منتصف الثلاثينات مثل : غالب سالم ، وهبي الحريري فتحي محمد، زارة كابلان، فساهم هؤلاء في إرساء القواعد التشكيلية في حلب من خلال المعاهد و المراسم و المعارض التي كانوا يقيمونها، ثم ذكر المؤلف الذين أدعوا في الساحه التشكيلية السورية و العربي (The foundations of the Plastic Arts Movement were laid in Aleppo by several pioneers, the first to pursue training in the fine arts in Rome and Paris in the mid Thirties, notably: Ghaleb Salem, Wahbi Hariri, Fathi Muhammad, Zarah Kablan, and established a base of fine arts in Aleppo through the academies, ateliers, and exhibitions that they organized; the author notes that those mentioned excelled in the public arts arena in Syria and the Arab world). 
  19. ^ قدسي، فراس (Qudsi, Firas) (2010-08-15). ""محمد وهبي الحريري" بصمة تميّز على الساحة التشكيلية". eSyria (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. وحينما عاد إلى "حلب" عمل مدرساً لمادة الفنون الجميلة في ثانوية "المأمون"- التجهيز الأولى- وافتتح معهداّ لتعليم الرسم للشباب فكان من تلاميذه "طالب يازجي"، "فاتح المدرس"، "لؤي كيالي"، "فتحي قباوة" لهذا يعتبر من الفنانين الأوائل في سورية ممن أرسوا قواعد الحركة التشكيلية» [...] وتابع "مكي" بالقول: «وبعد ذلك سافر الفنان "الحريري" إلى باريس ليدرس في معهد الهندسة المعمارية فكان أول عربي يتخرج من هذا المعهد. ثم انتسب إلى مدرسة "علم الآثار" في متحف "اللوفر" الفرنسي وحين عودته إلى سورية قام بتصميم ساحة "عدنان المالكي" بـ "دمشق" [...] مؤرخ حلب الباحث "عامر مبيض" تحدث عن بعض المحطات الهامة في حياة الفنان "الحريري" حينما قال: «أشرف على إنقاذ الآثار العظيمة في سائر أنحاء القطر لم يكن فناناً ومعلماً ناجحاً فحسب بل كان أيضاً وطنياً ومكافحاً ناضل ضد الاستعمار الفرنسي وكثيراً ما مشى في مقدمات المظاهرات وفي آذار من عام /1941/ ألقى عليه القبض جنود الاستعمار وأودعوه السجن لمدة أربعين يوماً لقد كان مدرساً ناجحاً وفناناً عظيماً اشترك في نهضة الفن العربي الأصيل وكان أثره على طلابه كبيراً، وتلقى العديد من خطابات الشكر من رؤساء وملوك دول العالم قام برسم لوحة بمقياس كبير طول /120/ سم للزعيم "إبراهيم هنانو" والتي أهداها إلى المكتبة الوطنية بـ "حلب" وفي عام /1940/ قام بنحت اللوحة التذكارية للدكتور "رضا سعيد" مؤسس كلية الطب في "دمشق" ومازالت تحتل صدارة المدرج الجامعي حتى الآن أشرف على حفريات "تل ماري" عام /1946/ و"رأس شمرا". كما أشارت الكتب التي تحدثت عن "ايبلا" إلى قيام هذا الفنان المرموق بترميم الآثار هناك وفي عام /1965/ رافق اللجنة المكلفة بترميم قبة الصخرة في مدينة "القدس" ورسم أروع اللوحات للقبة وللمدينة قام بتصميم مبنى الجامعة الإسلامية في "المدينة المنورة" وفي عام /1984/ أقيم له معرض فني في أم المتاحف في "واشنطن" "سمونيان" وهو أول فنان سوري تعرض أعماله في هذا المعرض العالمي. رسم لوحات متعددة لريف "حلب" القديم تعد وثائقية وقام بتصميم الساحة والحديقة المحيطة بجامع "خالد بن الوليد" بـ "حمص" وفي عام /1992/ منحته الحكومة الفرنسية وسام الشرف بدرجة فارس للآداب والفنون لما تميز . (When he returned to Aleppo, he taught fine arts at Al-Tajhiz and also taught at his studio, among his students were Talib Yazji, Fateh Moudarres, Louay Kayyali, and Fathi Kabbawah; he is one of the founders of the fine arts movement in Syria. [...] [Artist and historian Muhammad] Mackie writes that "he then traveled to Paris to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts School of Architecture and was the first Arab to graduate from there. He then studied archaeology at the Louvre. When he returned to Syria he designed the Adnan al-Malki memorial circle. [...] Aleppo historian Amer Moubayyed recounts some of Hariri's accomplishments "He preserved important archaeological sites throughout the country; he was not only a successful artist and professor, but was also a patriot who fought against the French colonizers and would often demonstrate against the French such that in March of 1941 he was arrested by the French colonial forces who detained him for forty days. Indeed he was a successful teacher and a great artist who contributed to the renaissance of Arab art and was a great influence on many of his students [...] He drew the large (120 cm) portrait of the leader Ibrahim Hanano which he endowed to the National Library in Aleppo, and in 1940 he undertook the carving of the commemorative medallion of Dr. Reda Said, the founder of Damascus University Faculties--which still prominently occupies the [wall above the] central landing of the grand staircase [of the university's old main building] and in 1946 he directed the archaeological digs at Tel Mari and Ra's Shamra. As the books concerning Ebla indicate, this distinguished artist also directed the preservation of that archaeological site. In 1965 he accompanied the [international] committee charged with the restoration of Dome of the Rock in the city of Jerusalem and composed the finest drawings of the Dome, and in Medina designed the [campus and buildings] of the University Islamic University of Madinah. And in 1984 an exhibition of his work was held at the premiere world museum 
  20. ^ "The Spiritual Edifices of Islam". Virtual Malaysia: The Official E-Tourism Portal for the Ministry of Tourism, Malaysia. The Ministry of Tourism, Malaysia. 2002. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 19 June 2013. From the 3rd May - 3rd July 2002 the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia will host a travelling exhibition entitled "The Spiritual Edifices of Islam", on loan from GDG Exhibits Trust, Washington D.C. The collection features 33 graphite sketches of some of the most significant mosques of the world, sketched on location by the late Wahbi al-Hariri Rifai, the last of the Classicists. [...] During the last four years of his life while battling cancer, his spiritual drive and artistic talent inspired him to travel around the world to compile images of the Spiritual Edifices of Islam. [...] Nonetheless, remarkably he completed close to 100 paintings and drawings within this period that embodied the final evolution of his distinctive classical style. [...] inspired by an unyielding thirst for knowledge and constant search for beauty. 
  21. ^ ""From Washington to Riyadh" exhibition opens at National Museum" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: Information Office of the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2012-05-18. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2013-06-19. In cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Information and the U.S. Embassy in Riyadh, [...] the National Museum has organized a cultural exhibition entitled “From Washington to Riyadh” featuring the works of the late Arab American artist Wahbi Al-Hariri Al-Rufaee. The exhibit was opened in Riyadh yesterday evening by Undersecretary of the Ministry of Culture and Information for Cultural Affairs Dr. Nasser Al-Hujailan, in the presence of U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom James Smith and National Museum Director Dr. Abdullah Al-Saud. 
  22. ^ Smith, James B. (2012-11-24). "Our cultural legacies: Building bridges, uniting people". Arab News. ISSN 0254-833X. LCCN sn83003486. OCLC 4574467. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2013-06-19. Last May, the “From Washington to Riyadh” cultural exhibition on Wahbi Al-Hariri, the late Arab-American artist, was hosted by the National Museum in Riyadh in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Information and the US Embassy in Riyadh. 
  23. ^ Hawari, Walaa (2012-05-14). "A Story of Art, Passion and Culture". Arab News. ISSN 0254-833X. LCCN sn83003486. OCLC 4574467. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2013-06-19. Art exhibitions send a very important message in the dialogue between different nations, said Princess Adela bint Abdullah, chairman of the Consulting Committee for the National Museum. At an exhibition on Sunday by the late artist Wahbi Al-Hariri Al-Refaei, entitled "From Washington to Riyadh," the princess held a joint press conference with US Cultural Attaché Catharine Schwitzer. Princess Adela said that the national museum developed various activities to enhance the cultural and artistic awareness of society. "The purpose of having this exhibition at the National Museum is to focus on Al-Refaei's artwork which reflects the deep-rooted culture of the Kingdom," said Princess Adela, stressing the initiatives aimed at focusing on Saudi culture internationally. She also said that paying attention to Islamic art and supporting Saudi artists, through international exhibitions, is essential to shed light on Saudi culture. 
  24. ^ "Opening of "Washington to Riyadh" Exhibit". Saudi Press Agency. 2012-05-20. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 19 June 2013. Princess Adelah bint Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, President of Advisory Board of National Museum opened at National Museum in Riyadh Saturday evening, the Exhibition 'From Washington to Riyadh for the late Artist Wahbi Al-Hariri Al-Rifai, organized by the Advisory Board in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Information and the Embassy of the United States of America, in the presence of the Wife of U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom Janet Breslin Smith and Cultural Attachأ© at the U.S. Embassy Katherine Schweitzer. Addressing the ceremony, the Princess said that the Exhibition embodies the cultural dimensions existing for years between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America. 'It is an opportunity for the renewal of cultural communication and the introduction of creative artists of Arab descent who live in the United States of America like Artist Wahbi Al-Hariri , who became famous as the last classical artist,' she added. [...] the Wife of U.S. Ambassador expressed her pleasure to participate in the celebration of the works of Arab-American Artist Wahbi Al-Hariri, noting that this is the first time that the Exhibition is held outside the United States of America since its inception in 1984 at Smithsonian Institution in Washington, which is the largest museum research complex in the world. At the end of the ceremony, Princess Adelah and the Ambassador's Wife Janet opened the Exhibition which contains over 50 paintings. 
  25. ^ "Opening of the exhibition "from Washington to Riyadh" at the National Museum". Ministry of Culture and Information. Retrieved 2013-06-19.  |archive-url= is malformed: timestamp (help)
  26. ^ Harvey Weiss (1985). Ebla to Damascus: Art and Archaeology of Ancient Syria. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. p. 384. ISBN 978-0-86528-029-8. LCCN 85014333. OCLC 12262007. Retrieved 20 June 2013. These restorations were the work of several architects: W. Hariri, N. Khier, A. Moufti, R. Douhman, Y. Jabali, A.Ostrasz, and J. Seigne. 
  27. ^ Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich, ed. (1982). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan. p. 699. OCLC 810278. Retrieved 24 June 2013. Syrian architecture of the 1920s and 1930s followed French styles. In the 1950s architects such as Wahbi al-Hariri sought solutions that would reconcile modern industrial designs with national forms. 
  28. ^ "Veranstaltungskalender" [Events Diary]. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Frakfurm am Main. 1959-04-15. p. 17. ISSN 0174-4909. OCLC 224596624. Deutscher Architekten-und Ingenieurverband: 19.00, Gastätte „Schultheiß im Westend“, Wiesenau 1, Farblichtbildervortrag über syrische Architektur (Architekt Wahbi Al-Hariri). (German Architects and Engineers Association present at 19:00, at Gastätte "Schultheiß im Westend", Wiesenau 1, a color slide lecture about Syrian architecture by architect Wahbi Al-Hariri) 
  29. ^ Tournay, Raymond-Jacques; Saouaf, Soubhi (1952). "Stèle de Tukulti-Ninurta II" [Stele of Tukulti-Ninurta II]. Les Annales archéologiques de Syrie (in Arabic, English, and French). Direction générale des antiquités de Syrie. 2: 169. ISSN 0570-1554. OCLC 1481227. Retrieved 24 June 2013. Quelques jours- plus tard, le directeur d'alors du service des Antiquités, l'émir Djafar Abd-el-Kader, accompagné de M. Wahbi Hariri, alors inspecteur du service des Antiquités d'Alep, se trouvaient en tournée dans la région. 
  30. ^ al-Fayṣal. al-Mamlakah al-ʻArabīyah al-Saʻūdīyah, Dār al-Fayṣal al-Thaqāfīyah. 1994. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
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