User:Civilaffairs/Sources

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List of possible sources for Operation Storm.

This is a list of online sources I have gathered for Operation Storm, its aftermath, human rights issues, refugee and return issues, etc.. I will add more as time permits. Feel free to add sources you have found at the bottom (please remember to sign your posts).

Note on UN references: IMPORTANT! Read this before making a link! For reasons best known to itself, the UN site does not support links on their website that go directly to these documents. For now everything is factored through http://www.undemocracy.com Also see WPTemplate:UN_document and WP:WikiProject United Nations (I made the mistake of trying to link to documents on the UN site, and want to save others from that same mistake.)


Reports and letters of the Secretary-General to the Security Council:[edit]

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH 4 OF SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 947 (1994) S/1995/38 Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council, 14 January 1995. Tudjman's decision not to agree to extension of UNPROFOR mandate, NATO stikes on Udbina and Dvor radar site, ceasefire violations, economic agreement, etc.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH 4 OF SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 981 (1995) S/1995/320 Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council, 18 April 1995. UNCRO Mandate

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 994 S/1995/467 (1995) Report of the Secretary-General the Security Council of 9 June 1995. Operation Flash, more ceasfire violations, etc.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 981 (1995) S//1995/650 Report of the Secretary-General the Security Council of 3 August 1995. Situation prior to Op Storm.

LETTER DATED 7 AUGUST 1995 FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL, S//1995/666, 7 August 1995. Describes lead-up to Op Storm including Geneva negotiations of 3 August, plus preliminary report on Op Storm.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1009 (1995) S//1995/730 Report of the Secretary-General on Croatia to the Security Council of 23 August. Good general account of Op Storm.

FURTHER REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL PURSUANT TO SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1009 (1995) S/1995/835 Report of the Secretary-General the Security Council of 29 September 1995. Available on the UN website, but not available on undemocracy, so using this link for now.

Security Council resolutions:[edit]

Security Council resolution 981 (1995) S/RES/981 Establishment of the UN Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia (UNCRO).

Security Council resolution 981 (1995) S/RES/994 17 May 1995. Following Operation Flash.

Security Council resolution 1009 (1995) S/RES/1009 10 August 1995. Operation Storm. Second page is blank, keep scrolling to read it all.

Security Council meeting 3563 of 10 August 1995 The statements of Council Members ref UNSCR 1009. (These statements reflect the POV of the countries represented by the Council members; I am not suggesting they are NPOV, but may provide useful information for further research.)

UNHCHR reports, UN Commission on Human Rights and related reports:[edit]

Situation of human rights in the former Yugoslavia, Note by the Secretary-General UN General Assembly A/50/727, 7 November 1995

UN Commission on Human Rights E/CN.4/1996/36 4 March 1996 References to Op Storm begin para 38

UN Commission on Human Rights E/CN.4/1997/55 15 January 1997 (References to Op Storm begin para 77)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):[edit]

Less than 50 percent of registered returnees live in Croatia: UNHCR study 16 May 2007

UNHCR website UNHCR site, Croatia; you can look for more information here

2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Croatia (United States Department of State) 11 March 2008 (Petrinja mass grave of Op Storm victims)

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia:[edit]

ICTY (useful for more than Op Storm): You can find the indictments, transcripts and decisions here.


OSCE reports[edit]

Home at Last OSCE Magazine, December 1996


Human Rights Watch reports[edit]

CROATIA: THE CROATIAN ARMY OFFENSIVE IN WESTERN SLAVONIA AND ITS AFTERMATH Human Rights Watch, (Report) July 2, 1995

CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS IN CROATIA Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Human Rights Watch, (Report) HRW Index No.: 1487, 8 October 1995

CROATIA IMPUNITY FOR ABUSES COMMITTED DURING "OPERATION STORM" AND THE DENIAL OF THE RIGHT OF REFUGEES TO RETURN TO THE KRAJINA Human Rights Watch, (Report) HRW Index No.: D813 August 1, 1996

CROATIA: Human Rights Developments HRW World Report 1996

CROATIA HUMAN RIGHTS IN EASTERN SLAVONIA DURING AND AFTER THE TRANSITION OF AUTHORITY Human Rights Watch, (Report) HRW Index No.: D906, April 1, 1997

Human Rights Watch/Helsinki and Lawyers Committee for Human Rights Demand that the Croatian Government Cease Investigating Ivan Zvonimir Cicak Human Rights Watch, (Letter)August 29, 1997

Croatia: Events of 2007 HRW World Report 1997

CROATIA: Human Rights Developments HRW World Report 1998

CROATIA: SECOND CLASS CITIZENS: THE SERBS OF CROATIA Human Rights Watch, HRW Index No.: D1103, March 1, 1999

Second Class Treatment Leaves Future of Croatia's Serbs in Doubt Human Rights Watch (press release) March 25, 1999

Croatia: Human Rights DevelopmentsHRW World Report 1999

Croatia Failing Test on War Crimes Accountability Human Rights Watch, October 2, 2002

Croatia Fails Serb Refugees Human Rights Watch 3 September 2003

Croatia: Ruling Hinders Refugee Returns Human Rights Watch, 17 November 2004

Croatia: Human Rights DevelopmentsHRW World Report 2001

U.S. Pressure on Croatia and Slovenia Undermines Justice; Former Yugoslav States Should Reject ICC Side Agreements Human Rights Watch, 10 June 2003

Letter to Colin Powell on U.S. Bully Tactics Against International Criminal Court Human Rights Watch, June 30, 2003

Croatia Fails Serb Refugees Ethnic Discrimination Slows Refugee Return Human Rights Watch, September 3, 2003

Broken Promises: Impediments to Refugee Return to Croatia Human Rights Watch, HRW Index No.: D1506, September 3, 2003

Croatia: Progress Needed on Refugee Returns Human Rights Watch, May 14, 2004

Croatia: Conviction Spotlights Justice Failings Human Rights Watch, July 19, 2004

Justice at Risk: War Crimes Trials in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia and Montenegro Human Rights Watch, HRW Index No.: D1607 October 14, 2004

The Real State of War Crimes Prosecutions in Croatia Response to an Article in Vjesnik, Human Rights Watch, October 30, 2004

Croatia: EU Must Address Domestic War Crimes Trials Human Rights Watch, December 20, 2004

Croatia: A Decade of Disappointment Continuing Obstacles to the Reintegration of Serb Returnees Human Rights Watch, September 2006, Volume 18, No. 7(D)

Croatia: Events of 2006 HRW World Report 2007

Croatia: Events of 2007 HRW World Report 2008

Amnesty International[edit]

HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING IN CROATIA: AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL'S RECOMMENDATIONS TO STRENGTHEN THE NEW OSCE MANDATE Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/003/1997, 13 June 1997

Croatia: Attacks in the Hrvatska Kostajnica area Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/005/1997, 1 August 1997

Croatia: Attacks in the Hrvatska Kostajnica area - the effects of impunity Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/002/1998, 1 July 1998

CROATIA: Impunity for killings after Storm Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/004/1998, 1 August 1998

Croatia: Three years since operations Flash and Storm -- three years of justice and dignity denied Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/005/1998, 4 August 1998

Croatia: Fear for safety: violent attacks against Serbs in eastern Slavonia Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/004/1999, 23 August 1999

Croatia: Covering events from January - December 2002 Amnesty International, Report 2003

CROATIA: Briefing to the United Nations Committee against Torture 32nd Session, May 2004 Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/001/2004, 28 May 2004

A shadow on Croatia's future: Continuing impunity for war crimes and crimes against humanity Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/005/2004, 13 December 2004

Croatia: Impunity for war crimes must end Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 64/001/2005, 16 March 2005

The Balkans: Summary of Amnesty International’s Concerns in the Region January – June 2007 Amnesty International, AI Index: EUR 05/003/2007 5 September 2007 (Exhumation of Petrinja mass grave containing Op Storm victims)


Online journal articles[edit]

Refugee Returns, Civic Differentiation, and Minority Rights in Croatia 1991–2004 Journal of Refugee Studies 2005

The new condottieri and US policy: The Privatization of Conflict and its implications Parameters (United States Army War College) Summer, 1999

Media accounts[edit]

U.S. Envoy Calls, but Croatia Seems Firm on U.N. Ouster New York Times, March 7, 1995

ACCORD MAY LET U.N. PEACEKEEPERS REMAIN IN CROATIA New York Times, March 12, 1995

Croatia Bars Extradition of a Fugitive in U.S. Poison-Gas Case New York Times, March 19, 1995 (Iranian arms via Croatia to BiH)

CROATIA HITS AREA REBEL SERBS HOLD, CROSSING U.N. LINES New York Times, May 2, 1995 (Operation Flash)

REBEL SERBS SHELL CROATIAN CAPITAL New York Times, May 3, 1995 (Zagreb rocket attack)

Croats Attack, Serbs Flee and Another Town Is Uprooted New York Times, May 5, 1995 (Operation Flash)

In Towns Taken by Croats, Many Deaths but Few Details New York Times, May 8, 1995 (Operation Flash)

Croatian Troops Said to Brutalize Serbs in Retaken Area New York Times, May 25, 1995 (Operation Flash)

Croats Shell Targets In Rebel Serb Area New York Times, June 5, 1995

U.N. Report Accuses Croatian Troops of Killing Refugees New York Times, July 10, 1995 (Operation Flash)

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE FIGHTING; Croatia in Drive on Rebel-Held Area New York Times, July 29, 1995 (Operation Summer)

Croatia Presses Offensive Against Serbs New York Times, July 30, 1995 (Operation Summer)

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: IN ZAGREB; U.S. Builds Influence In Croatia New York Times, August 1, 1995

A 'Frontier' Land of Ancient Rivalry New York Times, August 3, 1995

Serbs Said to Agree to Pact With Croatia New York Times, August 4, 1995

Croatian Army Begins Attack on Rebel Serbs New York Times, August 4, 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE ALLIES; U.S. Criticizes Croatia, but Only Halfheartedly, for Attack on Serbs New York Times, August 5, 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE OVERVIEW; IN BROAD ATTACK, CROATIA IS TRYING TO DISLODGE SERBS New York Times, August 5, 1995

Croats hit Serb heartland (AP) 6 August 1995

CROAT ARMY TAKES REBEL STRONGHOLD IN RAPID ADVANCE New York Times, August 6, 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE OVERVIEW; Croatia Declares Victory in Rebel Area New York Times, August 7, 1995

Huge Refugee Exodus Runs into Shelling, Shooting, Air Attacks (AP) 8 August 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE REFUGEES; Tide of Fleeing Serbs Put at 120,000 New York Times, August 8, 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: THE BATTLEGROUND; CROATS CELEBRATE CAPTURING CAPITAL OF SERBIAN REBELS New York Times, August 8, 1995

Croatia Accused of `Ethnic Cleansing'; U.N. Reports `Indiscriminate Shootings of Refugees' The Washington Post, 9 August 1995

Frightened and Jeered At, Serbs Flee From Croatia New York Times, August 10, 1995

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: U.S. POLICY; U.S. Took a Calculated Risk In Not Curbing Croat Attack New York Times, August 13, 1995

THE WORLD; The Serbs' Caravan of Fear New York Times, August 13, 1995

Bosnian Splinter Group Is Exiled and Unwanted New York Times, August 22, 1995 ("Abdic people" refugees)

A few news articles from August and September 1995, London and New York

Various news reports from September 1995 (Reuters, AP, NYT, The Indendent, etc)

For Serbs, A Flashback To '43 Horror New York Times, September 21, 1995 (Operation Una?)

Arson and Death Plague Serbian Region of Croatia (New York Times) 1 October 1995

U.S. Cooling Ties to Croatia After Winking at Its Buildup New York Times, October 28, 1995

The Abandoned': Elderly Serbs in Region Retaken by Croatia New York Times, December 12, 1995

Data on Croatia's Rights Violations Lost in Theft New York Times (AP), January 17, 1996 (Break-in at UN)

Killings in Croatia New York Times, February 24, 1996

A Secret Arms Deal Between Iran and Croatia Comes to Light New York Times, April 24, 1996

Arms Case Taints a Diplomat's Future New York Times, May 30, 1996 (Galbraith)

Transplanted Serbs in a Garden of Pain and Death New York Times, November 5, 1996

Despite Pact, Croats Find Ways to Bar Serb Exiles New York Times, November 17, 1996

Croatia Resettling Its People In Houses Seized From Serbs New York Times, May 14, 1997

Croat Refugees Rampage Through 4 Serbian Villages in Croatia New York Times, May 16, 1997

West Warns Croatia on Serbs With Threat to Retain Enclave New York Times, May 28, 1997

Ally in War, Burden in Peace New York Times, June 1, 1997

Tenja Journal; In Balkan Enclave, Tolerance Is Fleeing for Its Life New York Times, December 17, 1997

A Despised U.S. Envoy Stands Proud New York Times, December 24, 1997 (Galbraith)

An Ethnic Morass Is Returned to Croatia New York Times, January 16, 1998 (UNTAES handover)

Despite U.N. Role, Serbs Find No Peace in Croatia New York Times, March 19, 1998 [post-UNTAES)

Croatia Branded as Another Balkans Pariah (New York Times) 3 March 1999

War Crimes Panel Finds Croat Troops 'Cleansed' the Serbs (New York Times) 21 March 1999

U.S. Suspects Government Of Croatia In Break-Ins New York Times, November 19, 1999

For Serbs in Croatia, a Pledge Unkept (New York Times) January 16, 2000

[http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/pearl042299.htm Few Serbs Chased From Croatia In 1995 Have Made It Back Home] (Daniel Pearl, Wall Street Journal) 22 April 1999

For Serbs in Croatia, a Pledge Unkept (New York Times) January 16, 2000

Bosnians Committed War Crimes in Croatia Nacional, 14 September 2000. The original HHO (Croatian Helsinki Watch) report was once available online, I think. I can't find it now, but perhaps someone else can?

Croatian atrocities being forgotten: Cdn. officers CBC 21 July 2003

Serbs see new 'war crimes' tape (BBC)9 August 2006

Croat generals' war crimes trial opens in The Hague Guardian (UK) March 11 2008


Sources submitted by other editors (add your sources here)[edit]