Hindu horary astrology
Hindu horary astrology, also called Indian horary astrology, is the horary astrology as practiced in India. In India, since ancient times, this branch of astrology is commonly called prasna sastra, or simply prasna and it is considered as one of the six important branches of astrology. The other branches are gola (study of the celestial sphere, observational astronomy), ganita (mathematics and computational schemes of astronomy), jataka (natal astrology), muhurta (Hellenistic catarchic astrology, or electional astrology) and nimitta (interpretation of omens).
Ashtamangala prasnam is a certain type of practice of the prasna branch of Hindu astrology. The terminology indicates the use of eight (ashta) auspicious (mangala) objects in its practice. These objects are The practice of ashtamangala prasnam is highly popular and held in high esteem in the Indian state of Kerala. In fact, the author of Prasna Marga, an authoritative book on its practice was written by Narayanan Nambutiri, an astrologer from Edakad, Thalasseri in Kerala. Prasna Marga was written in 1649 CE.
Prasna is one of the six important branches of Hindu astrology. It deals with horary astrology in which an astrologer attempts to answer a question by constructing a horoscope for the exact time at which the question was received and understood by the astrologer. The other branches are jataka (natal astrology) which attempts to determine an individual's personality and path in life based on the horoscope of the individual, muhurta (electional astrology) in which the practitioner decides the most appropriate time for an event based on the astrological auspiciousness of that time, nimitta (interpretation of omens), gola (study of astronomy) and ganita (study of mathematics).
For a detailed accounts of the practice of this form of horary astrology, see:
- M. R. Bhat, B. P. Nair (2002). Essentials of Horary Astrology, Or, Praśnapadavī. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 77 – 94 (Chapter IV). ISBN 81-208-1012-0.
- N. E. Muthuswamy (2003). Ashtamangala Prasna: Horary Indian Astrology : a Comprehensive Book on Prasna, Kerala Hoarary Astrology. CBH Publications.
- S.C. Kursija (2013). Horary for Beginners (3rd ed.). All India Federation of Astrologers' Societies, New delhi.
- B. V. Raman (1993). Prasna Tantra: Horary Astrology (BVR Astrology Series). UBS Publishers' Distributors Pvt. Limited. ISBN 9788185674667.