April 30, 1993
|Education||B.Sc. Computer and Systems Engineering|
|Alma mater||Alexandria University (BSc, 2016)|
Simon Fraser University
Ramses Nagib (IPA: // or //; Egyptian Language: 𓇳𓄟𓋴𓇓𓀀, transcribed: rˁ-ms-sw "Ra gave birth [to] him"; Colloquial Egyptian: رمسيس نجيب; Koine Greek: Ραμεσσυς, latinized as: Ramessus), born on April 30, 1993 , is an Egyptian computer scientist.
Ramses was originally born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt. He/she graduated from Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University in 2016 with a bachelor's degree in Computer Engineering as a valedictorian.
Early life and education
Ramses was born in Alexandria, the Egyptian city, where he spent all his childhood. He started to show interest in computers at primary school. Ramses was particularly interested in MS-DOS and Windows 3.1, both of which were installed on the lab computers at his primary school. When his family realized his interest in computers, they got him his first computer, which had Windows 98 installed on a 4GB hard-disk drive with 16MB RAM.
In a few weeks after getting his new computer, Ramses was able to learn MS-DOS command prompt (COMMAND.COM), Windows 98 technical details, as well as some programming languages that were popular at that time, like VBScript. Because he didn't have a Visual Basic license by the time, he had to use the VBE module in Microsoft Office 2000 to learn Visual Basic 5, until he got a copy of Microsoft Visual Studio 6. Ramses' teachers at school start to notice his skills, so they asked him to assist other students in the lab until he finished his primary education. He ranked 2nd top student over the school, so his father gave him a new 3.5" floppy-disk drive as a reward.
Interest in system software
Although Ramses' father helped him install the new 3.5" floppy-disk drive, the drive didn't work at all. The family called up for a computer technician but the technician couldn't help either. Ramses knew already that there is a setting in BIOS Setup Utility (which was made by Award Software) that controls whether to treat the drive as a 3.5-inch or 5.25-inch drive, but Ramses didn't know how to modify or change that setting. After summer vacation has ended, Ramses joined a new school to begin his preparatory education (grades 7 to 9 in Egypt).
During his first week at the new school, Ramses' math teacher suggested the students to make a PowerPoint 2000 presentation on Von Neumann's Set Theory. It was required to deliver the work on a floppy disk, and the teacher offered to award the student who would deliver the best presentation based on some criteria. Ramses felt disappointed because he already knew mostly all the basics of Neumann's set theory, but he couldn't deliver the work on a floppy disk, which was one of the main requirements for the competition.
One day before the deadline, Ramses tried to learn how his computer BIOS exactly worked, and how to rewrite the data on his computer's CMOS chip. He managed to change the setting of a NEC µPD765 (a floppy-disk controller) chip (soldered on the motherboard of his machine) to properly identify the new 3.5-inch floppy disk drive. Ramses screamed out of surprise when the front LED of his floppy-disk drive finally turned on. He managed to make the required assignment in few hours, installed it on a floppy disk, then went to bed to get ready for his next school day.
On the next day, which was the deadline day for the competition, Ramses was waiting so patiently for the math class in order to give the floppy disk to his math teacher. However, winds blow counter to what ships desire. Ramses was shocked when a new, alternative math teacher entered the classroom mentioning that he would be their new math teacher because the previous one had left the school. Ramses instantly realized that this whole story was invented by some hidden power only to push Ramses towards learning BIOS software.
Since that day, Ramses developed great interest in system software. He decided to learn the C programming language, Assembler language, Operating Systems, advanced DOS programming (DEBUG.EXE), etc. He coded his first kernel at age 12, and he called it FOS: Floppy Operating System. It was written in 8086 assembler (real mode), and it mainly consisted of a floppy-disk driver, PS/2 keyboard driver, text-mode display driver, and a command prompt (shell). Tarek Kamel, the minister of Communications and Information Technology in Egypt at that time, awarded Ramses two silver medals at Egyptian Olympiad in Informatics (an algorithm contest) for two consecutive years (2009 and 2010).
In 2011, Ramses finished her high-school education and started to apply for universities. Because university-level education in Egypt is free of charge (fully funded by government) for anyone who wishes to obtain a bachelor's degree, you mostly need to finish your high school with a high GPA in order to be accepted for admission into highly-demanded schools (like Engineering and Medicine), simply because the acceptance/rejection of prospective students and applicants is solely based on their GPA (to ensure fairness), a student-redistribution system that is known in Egypt as Tansik. Ramses' GPA at high school, which was 99.34%, enabled her to choose any school she liked. She decided to go for the Engineering school at Alexandria University to study Computer Science.
The Engineering program that Ramses joined was a 5-year program that included courses in mathematics, thoeretical computer science, symbolic logic, computer hardware engineering, software engineering, control theory, Engineering drawing, and other non-technical topics like law. In June 2016, Ramses graduated from the school as a valedictorian, ranking as 1st top graduate over her CS class with a GPA equivalent to 3.94. She started to do her master's degree in Engineering at the same school, and taught some TA classes shortly before her persecution by Egyptian army started in November 2016.
Homosexuality and persecution
Growing up as homosexual
Ramses started to recognize her homosexuality at age 7, as she was attracted to the school bus driver, who was an adult male. She managed to hide her homosexual orientation and her undisclosed sex activity until she joined university. At university, she was slightly open about her sexual orientation to some of her close classmates, a few of which accepted her and tried to help her accept herself. However, she had to face discrimination and violence by others who viewed her as a threat to Christianity and Islam. As she received many threats, she had to delete her facebook account in 2013, and to cut all her social interactions out of fear.
At her last year in Engineering (2016), she started to use chemical castration drugs (mainly Cyproterone acetate, branded in Egypt as Androcur) as a kind of self-harm behaviour. Her few supportive colleagues started to notice that she was getting extremely isolated. She also started to use alcohol to escape from her problems. Despite all these challenges, she managed to get her CS degree with a high GPA and graduate as a valedictorian in June 2016, proving to other people that she deserves better treatment. Soon after she obtained her bachelor's degree, she applied for Master's degree at the same school, and started to do TA classes by September 2016.
Military service is obligatory in Egypt for all adult male who are eligible to a set of criteria set by the Armed Forces of Egypt. By getting her bachelor's degree in 2016, Ramses became eligible for the compulsory service. She started the recuritment process in July 2016. By October 2016, she was officially ordered to join the military reserve force in Ismailia's eastern desert (close to Sinai) in order to serve for 3 years as a reserve officer. This meaned she needed to leave school, cancel her master's, quit her TA work, and join military of Egypt for 3 years of compulsory service. As she explained later to Canadian court, If she had served for 3 years as a reserve office, she would have had to face the following challenges:
- She was already perceived as a feminine-looking boy by the standards of the Egyptian society. Her body language, her Egyptian accent, her attitudes, and her persona all revealed the fact that she was gay. Because of this, she would have had to face a lot of discrimination and insults (heterosexism) if she was kept in Egyptian military, which is considered as a very heteronormative community.
- As she explains, putting a feminine-looking boy in a four-walled military camp with dozens of masculine-looking men asking her to change her clothes in front of them, to share same beds with them, to go to the toilet together with them, and to enjoy showering with them is equivalent to putting a cis woman in a prison full of men who have had no sex for decades. She would certainly have had to face rape, humiliation, and might end up jailed in military prison for a crime she had been only a victim of.
- Three years in this prison with no homosexual encounuters is impossible to happen. She refers to what is known in psychology literature as situational homosexuality (pseudo-homosexuality). Such irregular sexual behaviour is very common in heteronormative environments, such as military populations. Since Ramser will engage in sexual activity, either with or without her free will, she would end up being punished by military laws that prohibit sexual activity on any real estate owned by Armed Forces.
- Soon after she graduated in June 2016, she started to re-use hormonal drugs (such as cyproterone acetate, see above) for a new purpose: to decrease her testosterone levels and increase estrogen. Such drugs are prohibited in Egyptian military. The military lifestyle itself would have shaped her body in a masculine way that would have gone against her will as a femboy.
As a response to the 3-year compulsory service order, she had to come out to military on Nov 1st, 2016, by explaining her sexual orientation to the doctors at military's medical examination council (la commission) in Alexandria. This resulted in:
- A lot of inhumane medical tests where Ramses was sexually insulted by military doctors. She had to let them examine her anus many times. She mentions that one doctor has once said: “Bend over; show us your buttocks. Don’t you bend over like that while you get fucked? Why do you refuse to do it now?” On another occasion, there were several doctors in the room examining her anus. She has tried to explain that there is no scientific consensus regarding this inhumane anal test and that there is no any significant statistical correlation between the random variable representing shape of her anus and the random variable associated with the probability distribution of her homosexual activity. According to her, one of the military doctors in the room has then replied: "Regardless of all of this, you should be stoned to death."
- Egyptian military has ordered her school to cancel her TA classes and forcibly terminate her master's program enrollment. Her professors tried to support her by refusing to cancel her master's enrollment, claiming that such cancellation would be against the university regulations. Although she was supposed to work as a TA at her Engineering school, and to be promoted to assistant professor if she successfully got her PhD degree in Computer Science, the school later had to dismiss her job and fire her by a military order. She was forced to cancel her master's, and she had to quit academia despite all her efforts to maintain academic excellence over past years.
- Since Ramses had never come out to her family before military, her family were not aware of her sexual orientation and her fight with military. To put her in more trouble, military called her family and informed them about her sexual orientation. She had to escape home for a short time, but her family convinced her to return home and supported her through the battle.
- Finally, military has sent her to Ahmed Galal military hospital of psychiatry in Camp Huckstep, Cairo. The hospital doctors diagnosed Ramses with gender identity disorder, and this diagnosis helped her get her official exemption from military. Although Ramses first tried to explain to the doctors that she was gay, not transgender, she realized later that she was in fact a transgender person with homosexual orientation (i.e. attracted to males), and that the military diagnosis was correct to some extent.
By this diagnosis, Ramses finally got her final exemption from military. This exemption ended her story with military persecution, after she has lost her job, left her academic studies, had to undergo anal examination in military, and had to faced humilitation and sexual insults. Ramses developed a number of psychological disorders that she is still receiving treatment for as of May 2020. Ramses decided to move to Cairo in January 2017 to establish a new life.
Life in Cairo as a trans woman
Moving to Canada
Philosophy and Religious Views
Egyptology and History
Music and Culture
I am addicted to Wikipedia. I can spend my whole day surfing portals, reading wiki pages, and reading hot debates on talk pages. I am mostly interested in the following portals:
- Electrical Engineering:
- Computer Science (this is my area of academic specialty):
Activity on Wikipedia
You can find my Wikipedia Arabic user page here: https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/مستخدم:Ramses_Nagib
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