User:Sjiang37/Benton Visual Retention Test

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The Benton Visual Retention Test (or simply Benton test) is an individually administered test for people aged from eight years to adulthood that measures visual perception and visual memory . It can also be used to help identify possible learning disabilities. The child is shown 10 designs, one at a time, and asked to reproduce each one as exactly as possible on plain paper from memory. The test is untimed, and the results are professionally scored by form, shape, pattern, and arrangement on the paper.


Arthur Benton was a historian who worked with neurologist Morris Bender during his military assignment to the San Diego Naval Hospital and, through his treatment of servicemen who suffered from traumatic brain injuries, led to his development of the Benton Visual Retention Test[1].


Test Format[edit]

The Benton Visual Retention Test is composed of 3 sets, or forms, of 10 designs that measure the examinee’s visual and memory abilities as well as a set of alternate designs for repeated tests. These designs can be administered in different ways. The four methods are as follows[2] :

Method Type Description
A The examinee views each design for 10 seconds before reproducing them
B The examinee views each design for 5 seconds before reproducing them
C Copy trial
D The examinee views each design for 10 seconds, and then waits 15 seconds before reproduction begins

Test Scoring[edit]

Anatomical Basis[edit]

Interpretation & Uses[edit]

Psychometric Properties[edit]

Criticisms & Validity[edit]

The Benton Test has been criticized by test's requirement of the examinee's IQ or estimated IQ, which can be difficult to obtain if the examinee is in a poor condition[3] . In addition, data from studies that look at the viability of retesting a patient have shown conflicting results; some studies show no difference in scores after time has passed between two tests, while other studies show a difference[3].


  1. ^ Kreutzer, Jeffrey S., John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan, (2010). Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. New York: Springer. pp. 390–394. ISBN 0387799478. 
  2. ^ Benton, Arthur Lester (1992). Benton Visual Retention Test (5th ed. ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. ISBN 9780158027531. 
  3. ^ a b Hubley, Anita M (2012). Review of the Benton Visual Retention Test, Fifth Edition. The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska. 

External Links[edit]