Women’s Contributions: Kathleen Collins • I plan on expanding the already existing sections on the page entitled ‘Women in Medicine.’ In doing this will explore further into the contributions made by women, the positions and roles women had within the field of medicine, as well as the perceptions of women actively participating in medicine if information is available. The preliminary source I have chosen to obtain some necessary background information is: Women's Medical Practice and Health Care in Medieval Europe Monica Green. Signs, Vol. 14, No. 2, Working Together in the Middle Ages: Perspectives on Women's Communities (Winter, 1989), pp. 434-473.
Medicines and Remedies Produced: Emily Amodeo • The most brilliant contribution was made by Al-Razi who differentiated between smallpox and measles, two diseases that were hitherto though to be one single disease. He is credited with many contributions, which include being the first to describe true distillation, glass retorts and luting, corrosive sublimate, arsenic, copper sulfate, iron sulphate, saltpeter, and borax in the treatment of disease • Ibn Sina in his masterpiece Al-Quanun (Canon), containing over a million words, described complete studies of physiology, pathology and hygiene. He specifically discourse upon breast cancer, poisons, disease of the skin, rabies, insomnia, childbirth and the use of obstetrical forceps, meningitis, amnesia, stomach ulcers, tuberculosis as a contagious disease, facial tics, phlebotomy, tumors, kidney diseases and geriatric care. He defined love as a mental disease.
Practices and Procedures Fallowed: Allison Bisson • I ordered this from Maine Cat and it will be delivered to the school!
• Practice: I will be discussing the specific practices ancient Islam used in order to treat and diagnose diseases. Along with naming and discussing a number of treatments, I will go in depth into one of the main practices used during ancient times.
Source: Medieval Islamic Medicine Author: Peter E. Pormann, Emilie Savage-Smith
Facilities and Conditions: Lea Beaulieu • Many hospitals (referred to as Bimaristan) were developed during the early Islamic era. • The first hospital is credited to Caliph Al-Walid I an Ummayad Caliph (705-715 AD). The first true Islamic hospital was build during the reign of Caliph Harun-ul-Rashid (786-809 AD) • The hospitals had multiple physicians on staff including physiologists, oculists, surgeons and bonesetters • The largest hospital was the Mansuri Hospital in Cairo (1248) • The hospitals never turned a patient away. There were separate wards for men and women, surgery, fevers, and eye diseases
Education and Knowledge Available: Kelsea Beisaw THE FATHER OF ISLAMIC MEDICINE - AL RAZI (RHASES) He was at the head of Islamic research into medicine. He produced over 200 books about medicine and philosophy. He also produced an unfinished book of medicine that gathered most of the medical knowledge known to the Islamic world in one place He focused on refining the scientific method and promoted experimentation and observation He believed in the holistic approach to medicine He studied the physiology of the body ISLAMIC MEDICINE - IBN SINA, THE GREAT POLYMATH Physician and teacher Publication of his book “The Canon” main text for physicians Laid out a detailed guide for diagnosing and treating illness Believed that checking pulse and urine of a person could be useful in diagnosis Breakthroughs Infant care Many of his remedies were ineffective, but his contribution was more helpful than not