Vaalkop Dam

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Vaalkop Dam
Official nameVaalkop Dam
LocationNorth West, South Africa
Coordinates25°18′37″S 27°28′33″E / 25.31028°S 27.47583°E / -25.31028; 27.47583Coordinates: 25°18′37″S 27°28′33″E / 25.31028°S 27.47583°E / -25.31028; 27.47583
Opening date1972 (renovated 2008)
Operator(s)Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Dam and spillways
Type of damgravity & earth-fill
ImpoundsElands River and Hex River
Height33 metres (108 ft)
Length2,491 metres (8,173 ft)
Reservoir
CreatesVaalkop Dam Reservoir
Total capacity53,500,000 cubic metres (1.89×109 cu ft)
Catchment area6 115 km2
Surface area1,110.5 hectares (2,744 acres)

The Vaalkop Dam is a combined gravity and earth-fill type dam located in North West Province, South Africa. Its reservoir is located at the confluence of the Elands River and the Hex River, part of the Crocodile basin.[1] The dam was established originally in 1972 and was renovated in 2008 in order to supply water for the platinum and associated metals mining operations in the area.[2] The dam mainly serves for irrigation purposes, municipal water supply and industrial uses. The hazard potential of the dam has been ranked high.

The Vaalkop Dam lies near Pilanesberg, 23 km (14 mi) ESE from the outer perimeter of the ancient crater formation.[3]

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