Valentine Crittall, 1st Baron Braintree
Valentine George Crittall, 1st Baron Braintree (28 June 1884 – 21 May 1961) was a British politician and businessman who served briefly as a Labour Member of Parliament before later joining the Conservatives.
Crittall was elected as Labour Member of Parliament for the Essex constituency of Maldon in the 1923 general election by a majority of only 49 votes over the sitting Conservative MP Lt Col Edward Ruggles-Brise, and served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Lord Thomson, the Minister of Air. He was defeated by Ruggles-Brise in the 1924 general election, and knighted in 1930. He was elevated to the peerage in 1948, as Baron Braintree, of Braintree in the County of Essex, and was a director of the Bank of England from 1948 to 1955. He was also a Justice of the Peace (magistrate) for Essex.
In 1926, Crittall founded the model Village of Silver End, near Braintree in Essex. Built as a "garden village" to provide accommodation for the people who worked in the Crittall family's growing factories, the village has been described as "a wonder of its time": its motto is "Why not?"
Crittall was married three times: to Olive Lillian MacDermott, in 1915; to Lydia Mabel Revy in 1933; and to Phyllis Dorothy Cloutman, in 1955. He died aged 76 in 1961, without male children, and his barony therefore became extinct.
- 'Class Traitors': Conservative Recruits to Labour, 1900-30
- ThePeerage.com: Sir Valentine George Crittall, 1st and last Baron Braintree
- Portraits of Valentine George Crittall, Baron Braintree at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Valentine Crittall
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Maldon
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Braintree
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