Variable Valve Control
In order to improve the optimisation of the valve timing for differing engine speeds and loads, the system is able to vary the timing and duration of the inlet valve opening. It achieves this by using a complex and finely machined mechanism to drive the inlet camshafts. This mechanism can accelerate and decelerate the rotational speed of the camshaft during different parts of its cycle. e.g. to produce longer opening duration, it slows the rotation during the valve open part of the cycle and speeds it up during the valve closed period.
The system has the advantage that it is continuously variable rather than switching in at a set speed. Its disadvantage lies in its complexity. Other systems achieve similar results with less expense and better reliability.
For a more detailed description, see the sandsmuseum link below.