Ven House

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Ven House
Ven House.jpg
LocationMilborne Port, Somerset, England
Coordinates50°57′49″N 2°27′18″W / 50.96361°N 2.45500°W / 50.96361; -2.45500Coordinates: 50°57′49″N 2°27′18″W / 50.96361°N 2.45500°W / 50.96361; -2.45500
Listed Building – Grade I
Designated24 March 1961[1]
Reference no.261884
Ven House is located in Somerset
Ven House
Location of Ven House in Somerset

Ven House in Milborne Port, Somerset, England is an English manor house[note 1] that has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[1]

Construction of the smaller William and Mary style[2] house, was completed in 1698–1700; the house was enlarged around 1725–30[note 2] for James Medlycott[note 3] by Nathaniel Ireson, who retained the west front of the earlier house. It stands on an artificially raised terrace, and is surrounded by grounds that were laid out at the time by Richard Grange.[3] It was altered and extended by Thomas Cubitt and Decimus Burton in 1835-36.[1]

The house passed through the Medlycot family through the 18th and 19th centuries, until they sold much of the estate between 1918 and 1925. The house itself was let to a succession of tenants until Sir Hubert Mervyn Medlycot sold it in 1957.[3] The house has changed hands four times since 1993, and, in 2006, had a guide price of £8.5m.[2] In 2009 the house was and is still owned by Jasper Conran.

Architecture[edit]

The house, which has a rectangular plan of 7 bays by 5 bays, is built of red brick in Flemish bond, with local Ham stone dressings. The north and south fronts are divided by two giant Corinthian pilasters,[4] placed to suggest a central block of three bays. The roof is hipped with Welsh slate behind balustraded parapets.[1] Attached to the house and in matching style were north west[5] and north east[6] pavilions. Along the south side of the house is a terrace balustraded to match the house.[7]

When the house was first built the main entrance gateway was some 400 metres (1,300 ft) to the north of the house and linked East Street and The Old Road (Dorset), In the 19th century this was superseded by London Road, which split much of the parkland from the house,[3] and the Ham stone gate piers and wrought iron gate were relocated to their current position 35 metres (115 ft) north west of the house.[8]

The 1836 building work by Decimus Burton, which provided a new drawing-room for Sir W. Medleycott[note 4] included the construction of the corridor linking Ven House and the Orangery,[9] and the Orangery itself.[10] Also constructed around 1836 were the Stabling and several other outbuildings, which are attached to east side of the house.[11]

Gardens and Park[edit]

The house originally had around 70 hectares (170 acres) of land including 6 hectares (15 acres) of formal gardens and pleasure grounds, and around 64 hectares (160 acres) of parkland.[3] They were originally laid out by Richard Grange between 1720 and 1739.[12] The house still has almost 14 hectares (35 acres) of gardens and grounds, including a stream which forms part of the River Yeo.[2]

To the south east of the house is Walled garden which was a kitchen garden or plant nursery, but is now largely ornamental.[3] It is surrounded by red brick walls approximately 4 metres (13 ft) high.[13]

The remnants of the early 18th-century formal gardens and formal park landscape have been designated Grade II in the South Somerset Register of Historic Parks and Gardens and Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England.[14][15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A hamlet of Ven or Fenn existed in the mid-thirteenth century (Victoria County History, Somerset, 1999. By the sixteenth century the manor belonged to the Carent family, who sold it to Sir Edward Carteret in 1679. When Sir Edward died, his son, Sir Charles Carteret, mortgaged the property to the Londoner Thomas Medlycott and subsequently sold it to Thomas' brother, James.
  2. ^ ca 1725 is the date given in Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 3rd ed. (Yale University Press) 1995, s.v. "Ireson, Nathaniel".
  3. ^ The baronetcy of Medleycoot, of Ven House, was created in 1808.
  4. ^ Drawings by Burton at Ven House, seen in 1967 by Howard Colvin, noted in Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1660-1840 3rd ed. (Yale University Press) 1995, s.v. "Burton, Decimus".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Ven House (1056286)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  2. ^ a b c Churchill, Penny (2006-06-16). "For sale: Ven House, Dorset". Country Life. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ven House Gardens, Milborne Port". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  4. ^ "Milborne Port". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 7: Bruton, Horethorne and Norton Ferris Hundreds (1999), pp. 138-156. British History Online. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  5. ^ Historic England. "North-West Pavilion and balustraded link wall, Ven House (1056287)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  6. ^ Historic England. "North-East Pavilion and balustraded brick wall, Ven House (1366378)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Terrace along South Garden front, Ven House (1056289)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Main entrance gateway, 35 metres North-West of Ven House (1175037)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Corridor linking Ven House and the Orangery (1056288)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  10. ^ Historic England. "The Orangery, attached to the South West corner of Ven House (1295483)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Stabling and other outbuildings, attached to East side of Ven House (1366379)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  12. ^ Bond, James (1998). Somerset Parks and Gardens. Somerset Books. p. 70. ISBN 978-0861834655.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Walls Enclosing Kitchen Garden, immediately East of Stables, Ven House (1056290)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  14. ^ "South Somerset Register of Parks and Gardens". South Somerset Council. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Ven House (1001157)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 February 2016.