Venus of Ocice
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The Venus of Ottitz or Venus of Ocice (Polish: Wenus Ocicka) is a Venus figurine, a neolithic clay statuette of a female figure found in 1909 within the current city limits of Racibórz (Racibórz-Ocice), Silesia (nowadays Poland, then Germany). The ceramic original has been lost after World War II, but several copies exist. A gypsum copy is exhibited in the Museum of Racibórz.
It was discovered in 1909 and described as figurine of Ottitz near Ratibor (i.e., German nameplaces were used). At that time, it was speculated to be "the most ancient model of human form in existence".
In 2013, a press article reported a similar figurine found recently near Raciborz. It is undamaged and is also referred to as "Venus of Ocice". The figurine depicts a feminine body which is slim and has small breast and buttocks, but is wide in hips and thighs. The hands and head are apparently omitted (or only symbolically marked) by the artist. It has been placed in 4th millennium BC.
- "Wystawy stałe" (Permanent exhibitions), description on the Internet page of the Museum in Raciborz, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2013. (Access 2013-03-03).
- Izabela Żbikowska, "Pierwsze żyto w Europie" (The First Rye of Europe) http://wyborcza.pl/1,75476,8332826,Pierwsze_zyto_w_Europie.html Gazeta Wyborcza, 2010-09-03 (access 2013-01-29).
- "Clay Figurine Unearthed in a Stone-age Dwelling at Ottitz", Nature, No. 2089, Vol. 82, November 11, 1909, p.42.https://archive.org/stream/nature8219091910lock#page/42/mode/2up/search/Ottitz
- Ryszard Parka, "Śląska Wenus: Sensacyjne odkrycie archeologiczne pod Raciborzem", ("Silesian Venus: sensational archaeological find near Raciborz"), Dziennik Zachodni, 2013-August-5, http://www.dziennikzachodni.pl/artykul/961000,slaska-wenus-sensacyjne-odkrycie-archeologiczne-pod-raciborzem,id,t.html, accessed 2016 July 22.
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