Rhodometra sacraria

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Rhodometra sacraria
Geometridae - Rhodometra sacraria.JPG
Rhodometra sacraria. Lateral view
Geometridae - Rhodometra sacraria-001.JPG
Rhodometra sacraria, female. Dorsal view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Geometridae
Genus: Rhodometra
Species: R. sacraria
Binomial name
Rhodometra sacraria
(Linnaeus, 1767)
Synonyms

The Vestal (Rhodometra sacraria) is a moth of the family Geometridae.

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found throughout Europe, in the Near East, in North Africa, in the Afrotropic ecozone and in large parts of Asia.[2]

Habitat[edit]

Rhodometra sacraria inhabits meadows, forest clearing, paths, gardens and urban environments.

Description[edit]

Male of Rhodometra sacraria, showing bipectinated antennae

Rhodometra sacraria has a wingspan reaching 22–28 mm, while the length of the forewings is 12–14 mm. The late-generation generations are smaller and thewingspan has an average of 16–26 mm. These moths are easily distinguishable from the mahogany or pink stripe, located on yellowish or cream background, crossing diagonally the dorsal sides of the upperwings from the posterior margin up to the apex. Discal spots are usually present and have the same color as the postmedial line.

The dorsal sides of the hind wings are whitish and unmarked. The fringes on the wings are mostly in the basic color. The abdomen is pure white. Head and thorax are straw yellow. In males the antennae are bipectinated to three-fourths length. The hind tibiae bear two pairs of spurs. [3]

The intensity and the extent of the pink pigmentation is rather variable, depending on the seasonal temperature in the development of the pupae.[4][5][6]

Biology[edit]

Caterpillar of Rhodometra sacraria on a leaf of Rumex crispus

Usually these moths rest with a tent-like posture on twigs and herbs, with the wings parallel to each other. They fly from April to October in the northern hemisphere [1]. They are nocturnal, attracted to light and migrant. These moths breed in North Africa and in southern Europe, since they require constant warmth. The eggs are relatively long, yellowish, with distinct red spots.[4][6]

The caterpillars mimic twigs and therefore they are quite difficult to locate. They are slender and reach a length of about 25 millimeters. The basic colour is pale brown or green, with a whitish underside. The green forms usually show a dark brown or reddish irregular stripe on the back. The head is reddish brown and relatively small.

These caterpillars feed on knotgrass, dock, Anthemis, Emex, Oxygonum, Persicaria, Rhus and other low growing plants. The pupa can reach a length of 9.2 mm and a diameter of about 2.7 mm. It is yellowish brown colored, with dark spots.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the Belgium and The Netherlands. This may vary in other parts of the range.

References[edit]

  • G F Hampson: The Fauna of British India. Moths. Vol. III. S. 424, Taylor and Francis, London 1895
  • Axel Hausmann: The Geometrid moths of Europe, 2. Sterrhinae. In A. Hausmann (Hrsg.): The Geometrid Moths of Europe 2. Apollo Books, Stenstrup 2004, ISBN 87-88757-37-4

External links[edit]