Vicianin

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Vicianin
Chemical structure of vicianin
Names
IUPAC name
(2R)-2-Phenyl-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2S,3R,4S,5S)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxyacetonitrile
Other names
(R)-Vicianin
6-O-Arabinopyranosylglucopyranoside
β-Vicianoside
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Properties
C19H25NO10
Molar mass 427.41 g·mol−1
Related compounds
Related compounds
amygdalin
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Vicianin is a cyanogenic disaccharide.

The enzyme vicianin beta-glucosidase uses (R)-vicianin and H2O to produce mandelonitrile and vicianose. It is found in seeds of Vicia angustifolia.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahn, Y. O.; Saino, H.; Mizutani, M.; Shimizu, B.-i.; Sakata, K. (2007). "Vicianin hydrolase is a novel cyanogenic beta-glycosidase specific to beta-vicianoside (6-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside) in seeds of Vicia angustifolia". Plant and Cell Physiology. 48 (7): 938. doi:10.1093/pcp/pcm065. PMID 17548373.