Victor Tatin

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Victor Tatin
Born 1843
Paris
Died 18 April 1913[1]
Nationality French
Occupation Aeronautical inventor and engineer
Honours Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur
Victor Tatin airplane of 1879. Original craft, at Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace.

Victor Tatin (1843 – 1913) was a French engineer who created an early airplane, the Aéroplane in 1879. The craft was the first model airplane to take off using its own power after a run on the ground.[2][3][4]

The model had a span of 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in) and weighed 1.8 kg (4.0 lb). It had twin propellers and was powered by a compressed-air engine.[5] It was flown tethered to a central pole on a circular track at the military facilities of Chalais-Meudon. Running under its own power it took off at a speed of 8 metres per second.[5]

Between 1890 and 1897 Tatin and Charles Richet experimented with a steam-powered model with a wingspan of 6.6 m (21 ft 8 in) and weighing 33 kg (73 lb) with fore and aft propellors. They succeeded in flying this for a distance of 140 metres (460 ft) at a speed of 18 metres per second.[6][7] In 1902-3 he collaborated with Maurice Mallet on the construction of the dirigible Ville de Paris for Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe[8] and in 1905 he designed the propellor used by Traian Vuia for his experimental aircraft of 1906-7. In 1908 Tatin designed an unsuccessful pusher monoplane which was exhibited at the 1908 Paris Aéro Salon.[9] In 1911 he collaborated with Louis Paulhan on the design of the Aéro-Torpille, a monoplane with a remarkably streamlined design.

Works[edit]

  • Victor Tatin, Elements d'aviation (Paris: Dunod et Pinet, 1908).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Victor Tatin l'Aérophile, 1 May 1913, p.196
  2. ^ Vehicles of the Air by Victor Lougheed, p.157
  3. ^ The human motor: energy, fatigue, and the origins of modernity by Anson Rabinbach p.99 [1]
  4. ^ Wilbur's Story by Donald B. Holmes
  5. ^ a b Exhibit Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace
  6. ^ Expériences Faites Avec Un Aéroplane l'Aérophile, June–July 1897, pp.128-30
  7. ^ Victor Tatin at Flyingmachines.org, retrieved 25 June 2014
  8. ^ La "Ville de Paris" l'Aérophile, February 1903, p. 48
  9. ^ Clement Bayard Flight, 9 January 1901, p.21

External links[edit]