Victor Tevzaia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Victor Tevzaia (Georgian: ბიქტორ თევზაია) (1883 – 1932) was a Georgian Social-Democratic politician, diplomat, and economist, specializing in agrarian questions. He also published using pseudonyms, Машинадзе (Mashinadze) and Georgien.[1]

During the Russian Revolution of 1905, Tevzaia headed a Social-Democratic organization in the Black Sea port town of Poti, where he organized a strike of railway workers. He then lived in Western Europe and obtained the post of Privatdozent on the law faculty of the University of Geneva.[2] He again became involved in the Caucasian politics after the 1917 February Revolution ousted the Russian monarchy during World War I. In December 1917, he was part of the delegation of the Transcaucasian Commissariat that signed a truce with the Ottoman Empire in Erzincan.[3]

After Georgia's declaration of independence in 1918, Tevzaia was sent as an envoy to the People's Republic of Ukraine in August 1918[4] and a month later he became the first ambassador of Georgia in Kiev.[5][6] In 1919, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly of Georgia. From 1918 to 1920, he was a member of the central committee of the Georgian Social-Democratic Party, which he left in 1923, in the aftermath of the sovietization of Georgia. He died in Tbilisi in 1932, of apparent suicide. In modern conditions, the ideas and initiatives of Victor Tevzaia implemented for development free international economic zones (see Revaz Lordkipanidze) and effective projects of Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).


  1. ^ Morozov, KN (ed.). "Общий список социалистов и анархистов – участников сопротивления большевистскому режиму (25 октября 1917 - конец 30-х годов)" [General list of socialists and anarchists, pariticipants of resistance to the Bolshevik regime (25 October 1917–end of the 30s)]. Социалисты и анархисты – участники сопротивления большевистскому режиму (in Russian). Memorial. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Senn, Alfred Erich (1971). The Russian Revolution in Switzerland, 1914-1917. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 184. 
  3. ^ Hasanli, Jamil (2010). "Azerbaijan at the Crossroads of Epochs: The First Attempt to Join the Free World (1917-1920)". Caucasus & Globalization. 4 (1). Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Kubiyovych, Volodymyr, ed. (1988). "Georgia". Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Volume 2. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 
  5. ^ Beradze, Tamaz (2010). "GeorgiaEast Europe Relations since Ancient Times until Now" (PDF). Caucasus Journal of Social Sciences. Tbilisi: The University of Georgia Press. 3 (1): 171. ISSN 1512-3677. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Kiladze, Simon (26 May 1995). Неизвестные страницы дипломатии [Unknown pages of diplomacy] (in Russian). ZN,UA. Retrieved 9 February 2013.