Vinko Dvořák

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Vinko Dvořák
Vincenc Dvořák.jpg
Born (1848-01-21)21 January 1848
Dušejov, Austrian Empire
Died 6 May 1922(1922-05-06) (aged 74)
Zagreb, Kingdom of
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Alma mater Charles University in Prague
Scientific career
Fields Acoustics, optics

Vinko Dvořák (January 21, 1848 – May 6, 1922) was a Czech-Croatian physicist, professor and academician.[1]

He studied mathematics and physics at the Charles University in Prague, and after graduating he became an assistant to professor Ernst Mach. After obtaining his doctorate in Prague in 1873/1874 he came to Zagreb (at the time also part of Austria-Hungary) and founded the Physics Cabinet at the Faculty of Philosophy in 1875.

Dvořák made many important discoveries in the field of experimental acoustics and optics, which are known as the Dvořák-Rayleigh current, the Dvořák acoustic repulsion, and the Dvořák circuit. His work on acoustic radiometers coincided with that of Lord Rayleigh.[2]

He was the dean of the Faculty of Philosophy in 1881/82 and again in 1891/92 and the rector of the University of Zagreb in 1893/94.

Professor Dvorak made constant advancements in physics experimentation at the Faculty—in 1896 he obtained a Röntgen radiation device just six months after it was discovered.[3]

He became a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts in 1883 (associate) and 1887 (full member). He was also an associate member of the Czech Academy of Franz Joseph I, a member of the Société francaise de physique (French Physics Society) and the Paris Société internationale des électriciens, and a member of the Royal Czech Society of Sciences in Prague.

Dvořák retired in 1911.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vinko Dvořăk", biography, by Ana Smontara, published in Matematičko-fizički list, 2006, from Croatian scientific bibliography
  2. ^ Popular Science Monthly Volume 25.djvu/269, Popular Science Monthly, at Wikisource
  3. ^ "Povijest fizičkog odsjeka", Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science
Academic offices
Preceded by
Josip Pliverić
Rector of the University of Zagreb
1893 – 1894
Succeeded by
Antun Maurović