Daisy and Violet Hilton
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Daisy and Violet Hilton|
Hilton twins c. 1927
|Born||5 February 1908
Sussex, United Kingdom
|Died||4 January 1969 (aged 60)|
|Cause of death||Hong Kong flu|
|Occupation||Entertainers, grocery store clerks|
|Known for||Conjoined twins|
|Spouse(s)||Daisy's Harold Estep
(1941－1941, 10 days)
Violet's James Moore
Daisy and Violet Hilton (5 February 1908 – 4 January 1969) were a pair of English conjoined twins. They were exhibited in Europe as children, and toured the United States sideshow, vaudeville and American burlesque circuits in the 1920s and 1930s.
The twins were born at 15 Riley Road, Brighton, England, on 5 February 1908. Their mother was Kate Skinner, an unmarried barmaid. The sisters were born joined by their hips and buttocks; they shared blood circulation and were fused at the pelvis but shared no major organs.
A medical account of the birth and a description of the twins was provided for the British Medical Journal by a physician, James Augustus Rooth, who helped deliver them into the world. He reported that subsequently the Sussex Medico-Chirurgical Society considered separation, but unanimously decided against it as it was believed that the operation would certainly lead to the death of at least one of the twins. He noted these twins were the first to be born in the UK conjoined and to survive for more than a few weeks.
Kate Skinner's employer, Mary Hilton, who helped in childbirth, apparently saw commercial prospects in them, and effectively bought them from their mother and took them under her care. The girls first stayed above the Queen's Arms pub in Brighton, but later moved to the Evening Star pub. According to the sisters' autobiography, Mary Hilton with her husband and daughter kept the twins in strict control with physical abuse; they had to call her "Auntie Lou" and her husband "Sir". They trained the girls in singing and dancing. 
The Hilton sisters toured first in Britain in 1911 (aged 3) as "The United Twins". Mary Hilton took them on to a tour through Germany, then to Australia, then in 1916 to the US. In true sideshow manner, their performance was accompanied by an imaginative "history". Their controllers kept all the money the sisters earned. In 1926, Bob Hope formed an act called the Dancemedians with the sisters, who had a tap-dancing routine. When Mary died in Birmingham, Alabama, the girls were bequeathed to Mary's daughter Edith Meyers, and Edith's husband Meyer Meyers, a former balloon salesman.
The couple took over management of the twins. Held mostly captive, the girls were beaten if they did not do as the Meyers wished. They kept the twins from public view for a while and trained them in jazz music. Violet was a skilled saxophonist and Daisy a violinist. They lived in a mansion in San Antonio, Texas. The 1930 US census records the twins as Meyer Meyers' nieces.
In 1931, the sisters sued their managers, gaining freedom from their contract and US$100,000 in damages. They went into vaudeville as "The Hilton Sisters' Revue". Daisy dyed her hair blonde and they began to wear different outfits so as to be distinguishable. After vaudeville lost popularity, the sisters performed at burlesque venues.
Shortly after gaining independence from the Meyers, the Hiltons sailed to the UK on the Berengaria in December 1932. They spent most of 1933 in the UK, and returned to the US in October 1933.
Violet began a relationship with musician Maurice Lambert, and they applied in 21 states for a marriage license, but it was always refused.
In 1932, the twins appeared in the film Freaks. Afterwards their popularity faded, and they struggled to make a living in show business.
In 1936 Violet married gay actor James Moore as a publicity stunt. The marriage lasted ten years on paper, but it was eventually annulled. In 1941 Daisy married Harold Estep, better known as dancer Buddy Sawyer, who was also gay. The marriage lasted ten days.
In 1951 they starred in a second film Chained for Life, an exploitation film loosely based on their lives. Afterwards they undertook personal appearances at double bill screenings of their two movies.
The Hiltons' last public appearance was at a drive-in in 1961 in Charlotte, North Carolina. Their tour manager abandoned them there, and with no means of transportation or income, they were forced to take a job in a nearby grocery store, where they worked for the rest of their lives.
On 4 January 1969, after they failed to report to work, their boss called the police. The twins were found dead in their home, victims of the Hong Kong flu. According to a forensic investigation, Daisy died first; Violet died between two and four days later. They were buried in Forest Lawn West Cemetery in Charlotte.
In 1989 a musical based on the twins, Twenty Fingers Twenty Toes, with book by Michael Dansicker and Bob Nigro and music and lyrics by Michael Dansicker, premiered at the WPA Theatre and ran for 35 performances. The script can be found in the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. It began as an accurate portrayal of the twins' early life, but then included a wholly fictitious plot by their keepers to have them surgically separated as adults.
Side Show, a Broadway musical loosely based on the sisters' lives, with lyrics by Bill Russell and music by Henry Krieger, opened at the Richard Rodgers Theater on October 16, 1997. It starred Emily Skinner as Daisy and Alice Ripley as Violet, and received four Tony nominations, but closed after 91 performances. In 2014, a substantially rewritten version of the musical was mounted at the Kennedy Center and moved to Broadway, where it opened at the St. James Theater on November 17, 2014, starring Erin Davie as Violet and Emily Padgett as Daisy. Although well-reviewed, the revival closed on January 4, 2015.
In 2012, Leslie Zemeckis filmed an award-winning documentary (Hollywood Film Festival 2012), Bound by Flesh, about the sisters' lives. The Hollywood Reporter called it a "scrupulously researched" and a "masterful film".
The number 708 bus in their hometown of Brighton, England is named in their honour.
- Background of the sisters, mybrightonandhove.org.uk; accessed 9 December 2014.
- Rooth JA (September 1911). "The Brighton united twins". Br Med J. 2 (2647): 653–54. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.2647.653. PMC . PMID 20765808.
- Winterton, Wayne (4 November 2015). Stories from Historys Dust Bin. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781514419922. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Year: 1930; Census Place: San Antonio, Bexar, Texas; Roll: 2298; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 0219; Image: 840.0; FHL microfilm: 2342032
- Jensen, Dean. The Lives and Loves of Daisy and Violet Hilton: A True Story of Conjoined Twins, Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 2006; ISBN 978-1-58008-758-2
- Ancestry.com. UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878–1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, US: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008
- Byrge, Duane (24 October 2012). "Bound by Flesh: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daisy and Violet Hilton.|
- Daisy and Violet Hilton at Find a Grave
- San Antonio Siamese Twins Have Unlike Finger Prints; accessed 9 December 2014.
- Profile, hollywoodreporter.com; accessed 9 December 2014.
- The sisters singing the song "Love Thief"