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DRG Class 13.16/13.17
KWStE 451–500, 1501–1538
DRG 13 1601–1624
DRG 13 1701–1714
|Year(s) of manufacture||1899–1909|
|Axle arrangement||2’B n2v/h2|
|Length over buffers||15,427 mm (50 ft 7.4 in)|
|Service weight||50.2 t|
|Adhesive weight||29.2 t|
|Axle load||14.6 t|
|Top speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
|Driving wheel diameter||1,800 mm (70.87 in)|
|Leading wheel diameter||850 mm (33.46 in)|
|No. of cylinders||Two|
|Cylinder bore||ADh: 490 mm (19.29 in)|
|LP cylinder bore||AD: 670 mm (26.38 in)|
|HP cylinder bore||AD: 450 mm (17.72 in)|
|Piston stroke||560 mm (22.05 in)|
|Boiler Overpressure||AD: 14 bar
ADh: 12 bar
|Grate area||2.00 m2|
|Evaporative heating area||129.10 m2|
|Tender||wü 2 T 10, wü 3 T 15.5|
|Water capacity||10.0/15.5 m3|
The Württemberg AD was a German steam locomotive built for the Royal Württemberg State Railways. It was an express train engine with a 4-4-0 wheel arrangement and was built from 1899 by the Maschinenfabrik Esslingen ('Esslingen Engineering Works'). Up to that point the railway only had increasingly elderly locomotives with a 2-4-0 configuration.
The vehicles were equipped with a two-cylinder, compound engine. The most striking feature was the large, horizontal pipe connecting the two steam domes. Ninety eight engines of this class were built by 1907; they initially had flat slide valves, but from 1903 piston valves were installed.
In 1907 two locomotives were tested with two-cylinder, superheated steam engines. This reduced the boiler overpressure to 117.7 N/cm2 and generated an improvement in performance of about 20%. As a result, 17 more locomotives were built to this configuration up to 1909 and were designated as Class ADh.
Both classes began to be retired in the early 1920s.
The Deutsche Reichsbahn took over 24 of the compound locomotives as DRG Class 13.16 with numbers 13 1601 to 13 1624, and 14 superheated locomotives as DRG Class 13.17 with numbers 13 1701 to 13 1714. The first ones were retired in 1928, the last in 1932.
The locomotives were equipped with Württemberg wü 2 T 10 and wü 3 T 15,5 tenders.