||It has been suggested that this article be split into articles titled WILL (AM), WILL-FM and WILL-TV. (Discuss.) (July 2015)|
|Slogan||Illinois Public Media|
|Channels||Digital: 9 (VHF)
Virtual: 12 (PSIP)
|Affiliations||PBS (since 1970)|
|Owner||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
(The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois)
|First air date||August 1, 1955|
|Call letters' meaning||ILLinois|
|Sister station(s)||WILL (AM), WILL-FM|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
12 (VHF, 1955–2009)
|Former affiliations||NET (1955-1970)|
|Transmitter power||30 kW ERP|
|Height||302 m (991 ft)|
|Public license information:||Profile
|City of license||Urbana, Illinois|
|Frequency||90.9 MHz (also on HD Radio)|
|First air date||1939 1941 (full license)(experimental);|
|HAAT||259 m (850 ft)|
|Former callsigns||WIUC (1941–1954)|
|Former frequencies||? (before 1954)|
|Sister stations||WILL (AM), WILL-TV|
|City of license||Urbana, Illinois|
|Branding||WILL AM 580|
|First air date||1922|
|HAAT||103.6 m (340 ft)|
|Former callsigns||WRM (1922–1928)|
|Former frequencies||890 kHz (1929–1935)|
|Sister stations||WILL-FM, WILL-TV|
WILL is the callsign of the three public broadcasting stations owned by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and run out of the College of Media. It consists of PBS member station WILL-TV (digital channel 9, virtual channel 12) and National Public Radio member stations WILL (580 kHz) and WILL-FM (90.9 MHz). The three stations are known collectively as Illinois Public Media, and are operated out of Campbell Hall for Public Telecommunication on the U of I campus.
After World War II, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign hosted the National Association of Educational Broadcasters for the establishment of broadcast allocations (AM/FM radio and TV channels) for non-commercial education programming. The outcomes from these meetings established the foundation for National Public Radio and the Public Broadcasting System. The NAEB was based at WILL from 1951 to 1961.
In April 2011, WILL eliminated its weather department due to budget cuts.
Both WILL (AM) and WILL-FM are members of National Public Radio and affiliates of Public Radio International and American Public Media. AM airs NPR news and talk, along with agricultural news information for central Illinois farmers. FM airs classical music most of the day, but simulcasts some of NPR's more popular shows with its AM sister.
WILL (AM) signed on in 1922 as WRM. It became WILL in 1928. The station is directional mostly to protect WIBW (AM) in Topeka, Kansas. WILL (AM) operates at 5,000 watts during the day. Due to its location near the bottom of the AM dial, as well as its transmitter power and directional antenna, this is enough to provide grade B coverage as far north as Chicago and as far east as Indianapolis. It also serves as the default NPR member station for Terre Haute, Indiana; that city doesn't have a full-power NPR station of its own. However, at sunset it must power down to 500 watts and gradually power down to 100 watts. At 6 am, it increases its power to 335 watts and ramps up to full power at sunrise.
WILL-FM, first licensed in 1941 as WIUC and changed to WILL-FM in 1954, was the first FM station in the United States licensed to a university. It also moved its frequency to 90.9 MHz in 1954. WILL-FM broadcasts with a grandfathered ERP of 105,000 watts at an antenna HAAT of 259 meters (850 ft).
WILL-FM began an HD Radio multicast in July 2008. 90.9 HD1 is a simulcast of WILL-FM's analog signal. 90.9 HD2 is a 24-hour classical music service, and 90.9 HD3 simulcasts WILL-AM's programming to make up for the reduced coverage of the AM station's nighttime signal.
The U of I applied for a television license soon after the FCC lifted its freeze on new licenses. However, educational television was a new concept at the time, and most of Illinois' commercial broadcasters violently opposed the prospect of the U of I owning a television station. After a bill that would have forced the university to withdraw its application was narrowly defeated in the legislature, the Illinois Broadcasters Association funded a suit by a restaurant owner in Evanston claiming that the Illinois Constitution did not allow U of I to operate a television station. The case went all the way to the Illinois Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of U of I.
WILL-TV first hit the airwaves on August 1, 1955 from makeshift studios underneath Memorial Stadium. Originally airing for only a few hours at night, it began airing during the day in 1958 and added Saturday programming in 1974, four years after joining PBS.
Illinois Public Media's CEO and General Manager is Maurice "Moss" Bresnahan. The Station Manager is Bob Culkeen.
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|12.1||1080i||16:9||WILL-HD||Main WILL-TV programming / PBS|
WILL-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 12, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 9. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 12. The "WILL-TV" callsign was transferred over from the former analog channel 12 to digital channel 9 and the pre-transition call sign "WILL-DT" was officially retired.
- Illini Media — university-independent not-for-profit organization that runs radio station WPGU and the Daily Illini
- Prairie Fire (TV series) — a 15+ season running television news magazine and documentary program produced by WILL-TV
- "The History of WILL". Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2015-02-14.
- "Broadcast Frequencies & Coverage Areas". Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2015-02-14.
- Hill, Harold (1954). "The National Association of Educational Broadcasters: a history.". National Association of Educational Broadcasters. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Staff (Summer 2006). "WILL-TV Viewer Leaves $1 Million to Station". UIF Newsletter, issue 47 (University of Illinois Foundation). pp. Illinois Gardner Web Site through WILL.
- http://www.w9wi.com/articles/grand_fm.htm Superpower FM Stations
- RabbitEars TV Query for WILL
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- Query the FCC's AM station database for WILL
- Radio-Locator Information on WILL
- Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WILL
- Query the FCC's FM station database for WILL
- Radio-Locator information on WILL
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WILL