Bu Bing

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Wai Bing 外丙
King of Shang dynasty
Full name
Posthumous name
Wai Bing (外丙)
FatherTang of Shang

Bu Bing or Wai Bing (Chinese: 外丙) was a Shang dynasty King of China.

In the Records of the Grand Historian, he was listed by Sima Qian as the second Shang king, succeeding his father Tang (Chinese: 汤), following the earlier death of his elder brother Tai Ding. He was enthroned in the year of Yihai (Chinese: 乙亥), with Yi Yin as his prime minister and Bo (Chinese: 亳) as his capital.

He ruled for about 2 years before his death. He was given the posthumous name Wai Bing and was succeeded by his younger brother Zhong Ren.[1][2][3]

Oracle script inscriptions, on bones unearthed at Yinxu, alternatively record that he was the fourth Shang king, the second son of Da Ding, given the posthumous name "Bu Bing" (Chinese:卜丙), and succeeded by Da Geng.[2][3]


  1. ^ Bai, Shouyi (2002). An Outline History of China. Beijing: Foreign Language Press. ISBN 7-119-02347-0.
  2. ^ a b "The Shang Dynasty Rulers". China Knowledge. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Shang Kingship And Shang Kinship" (PDF). Indiana University. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
Bu Bing
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Da Jia
King of China Succeeded by
Da Geng