Walnut Marketing Board

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The California Walnut Board or Walnut Marketing Board, founded in 1933, supports the California walnut industry.[1] The organization was originally known as the Walnut Control Board, changing its name to the Walnut Marketing Board in 1962 and to the California Walnut Board in 2008.[1][2] Its formation was authorized by the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA).[1]

Under the AAA, the Walnut Control Board was authorized to assess crops and declare a percentage as surplus. Its 1934 assessment designating 30% of the crop as surplus met with local resistance.[3] In 2009, responding to a request from the Board, the United States Department of Agriculture purchased $30 million of the crop, which was distributed to nutrition assistance programs.[4]

The AAA's application to walnuts was affirmed by Federal Marketing Order 984 in 1948. The USDA and the organization date its foundation to that year.[5][6] Federal regulations govern its operations. As of 2008, the Board consisted of five grower representatives, four handler representatives, and one member of the public, all serving two-year terms.[5]

The Board continues to implement the Marketing Order.[7] Its activities now include the promotion of walnuts in the US diet, research funding, product grading, and compilation of crop statistics.[7] The USDA oversees its operations.[8]

An analysis of its domestic marketing program, published in 2002, concluded that its cost-benefit ratio was favorable.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c David E. Ramos (1997). Walnut production manual. ANR Publications. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-879906-27-3. 
  2. ^ "Walnuts Grown in California; Order Amending Marketing Order and Agreement No. 984". Federal Register. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  3. ^ "Walnut Growers Fight Code Rule". Eugene Register-Guard. 1934-10-26. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  4. ^ "Government buying surplus walnuts". San Francisco Chronicle. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Commodity Regulated: Walnuts grown in California". USDA. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  6. ^ "Walnut Board & Commission". California Walnut Board. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  7. ^ a b Frank Lawlis, Maggie Greenwood-Robinson (2009). The Brain Power Cookbook: More Than 200 Recipes to Energize Your Thinking. Penguin Group. p. 273. ISBN 978-0-452-29013-6. 
  8. ^ "PERSIAN WALNUT BREEDING IN CALIFORNIA" (PDF). USDA. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  9. ^ "The Domestic Impacts of the Walnut Marketing Board's Marketing Programs". The National Institute for Commodity Promotion Research and Evaluation via Cornell University. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 

External links[edit]