|Sir Walter Kirke|
Gen. Sir Walter Kirke
|Born||19 January 1877|
|Died||2 September 1949 (aged 72)|
|Years of service||1896–1940|
|Commands held||5th Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Born the second son of Colonel St.George Mervyn Kirke RE and his wife Sarah, Walter Kirke was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1896. He served in Waziristan on the North West Frontier of India between 1901 and 1902.
He served in World War I as a General Staff Officer at GHQ in France and Belgium. In 1918 he became Deputy Director of Military Operations at the War Office and was then moved to Aldershot in 1922. In 1924 he was appointed Head of the British Military Mission to Finland and in 1925 President of Inter-Allied Commission of Investigation for Hungary.
Then in 1926 he became Deputy Chief of the General Staff for India moving on to be General Officer Commanding 5th Division in 1929. In 1933 he was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Western Command and in 1936 he became Director-General of the Territorial Army.
He served in World War II initially as Inspector-General of Home Defence and then as Commander in Chief of the British Home Guard: in that role he always thought that the threat of a German invasion was exaggerated. He retired in 1940.
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- World War II: Great Britain at War Daily Telegraph, 4 September 1939
- The home guard: a military and political history By S. P. Mackenzie, Page 19 Oxford University Press, 1995, ISBN 978-0-19-820577-7
- Army List July 1940
- Private Papers of General Sir Walter Kirke GCB CMG DSO can be found in the Imperial War Museum, Documents and Sound section, ref: Documents.20171 (82/28/1 & Con Shelf).
(Post last held by Hugh Jeudwine)
|General Officer Commanding the 5th Division
Sir Cyril Deverell
|GOC-in-C Western Command
Sir Henry Jackson