|Born||15 May 1907|
|Died||27 October 1985 (aged 78)|
|Known for||Segal self-build method|
Walter Segal (15 May 1907 – 27 October 1985) was an architect who developed a system of self-build housing, the Segal self-build method. Based on traditional timber frame methods modified to use standard modern materials, his method eliminates the need for wet trades such as bricklaying and plastering, resulting in a light-weight method which can be built with minimal experience and is ecologically sound. The roofs tend to be flat with many layers of roofing felt, which allows the creation of grass-covered roofs. Foundations are minimal, often just paving slabs, the strength coming from the geometry of their construction. Segal houses have been compared to traditional Japanese houses.
Segal was born in 1907 in Berlin, Germany, and grew up in Ascona, Switzerland, as the son of the Romanian Jewish painter Arthur Segal and artist Ernestine Chavas. They spent the time of the First World War in Ascona close to an alternative community called Monte Verità. Walter Segal studied architecture among the pioneers of the Modern Movement in Berlin and Delft, Netherlands, and received his first commission in 1932 from a patron of his father, Bernhard Mayer, to build a small wooden holiday cabin in Ascona. This was followed by further commissions in Ascona and later in Majorca. In 1934–1935 he worked in Egypt studying and illustrating dynastic chairs and stools, primarily those from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
He moved to London, UK in 1936 where he met and eventually married Eva Bradt, a student at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. He taught at the school, wrote in trade journals, published a couple of books and had a few small architectural commissions. He worked on commissions for furniture and interior design and during the war he designed air raid shelters and hotels for the Ministry of Supply.
The little house in the garden
In 1963 Segal married Moran Scott, who also lived in Highgate. To gain more living space, they eventually demolished and rebuilt Scott's house. They built a temporary structure in the garden using standard cladding materials and with no foundations other than paving slabs. It took two weeks to build and cost £800. This house, dubbed the "Little House in the Garden", roused considerable interest and led to a number of commissions using a similar style around the country. As the system developed the clients were able to do more and more of the building themselves.
In the 1970s Lewisham Borough Council made three small sites, unsuitable for mainstream housing, available for people to build their own homes using the method. Due to the success of these a fourth site was later made available.
After his death in 1985 the Walter Segal Self Build Trust was set up, and his methods have gained in popularity. A Segal house at the Centre for Alternative Technology has helped in spreading the system. At least six of these buildings and schemes have won awards, ranging from the prestigious Housing Project Design Award to Green Building of the Year. The dry-trade construction used in Segal method houses allowed such a building in London, constructed in 1988 and by 2012 scheduled for demolition, to be dismantled and re-erected on a new site.
- "Segal, Walter". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/63143. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Ward, Colin. "Walter Segal: Community architect". Segal Self Build Trust. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- John Segal & Zoë Blackler. "Celebrating Segal". BD Online. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- McKean, John (20 May 1988). "Walter Segal: the man and the myth". Building Design. No. 886. London. pp. 15–23 – via Internet Archive.
- "Walter Segal". Walter Segal Self Build Trust. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Martin, Geoffrey T. (2011). "The Thrones, Chairs, Stools, and Footstools from the Tomb of Tutankhamun". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 97 (1): 257–259. doi:10.1177/030751331109700127. ISSN 0307-5133. S2CID 220269142. Archived from the original on 19 April 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
- Eaton-Krauss, Marianne (2008). The Thrones, Chairs, Stools, and Footstools from the Tomb of Tutankhamun. Walter Segal, Griffith Institute. Oxford: Griffith Institute. ISBN 978-0-900416-89-7. OCLC 214308280. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
- "This isn't at all like London': life in Walter Segal's self-build 'anarchist' estate" Archived 2022-06-03 at the Wayback Machine, Alice Grahame, 16 Sept 2015, The Guardian
- Daligan, Mike. "Self build". Walter Segal Self Build Trust. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Strange, Hugh. "Oasis Children's Venture". BD Online. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Segal, Walter (1948). Home and Environment. Leonard Hill.
- Segal Walter (1945). Planning and Transport: Their Effects on Industry and Residence. Co-operative Permanent Building Society.
- Segal, Walter (December 1983). Learning From The Self-Builders.
- McKean, John (March 1976). "The Segal System". Architectural Design: 288–296.
- McKean, John (June 1986). "Semi prezio di buon senso". Spazio e Societa (in Italian). No. 34. Milano. pp. 18–26.
- McKean, John (1989). Learning from Segal: Walter Segal's Life, Work and Influence. Basel: Birkhaueser.
- McKean, John (1996). "Becoming an Architect in Europe Between the Wars" (PDF). Architectural History. 39: 124–146. doi:10.2307/1568610. JSTOR 1568610. S2CID 195032696.
- Grahame, Alice; McKean, John (2021). Walter Segal: Self-Built Architect. Lund Humphries. ISBN 978-1-84-822389-9.