Welfare Reform Act 2007

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other similarly-named Acts of Parliament, see Welfare Reform Act
The Welfare Reform Act 2007[1]
Long title An Act to make provision about social security; to amend the Vaccine Damage Payments Act 1979; and for connected purposes.
Citation 2007 c. 5
Royal assent 3 May 2007
History of passage through Parliament
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended

The Welfare Reform Act 2007 (c.5) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which alters the British social security system. A number of sections come into force two months after royal assent and the first commencement order made under the Act specified that section 31 came into force on 1 November 2007.

The green paper[edit]

The green paper is available as a .pdf document from the links at the end of the article.

The Government's objectives for the Act, as stated in the green paper were to:

  • Reach 80% employment amongst all people of working age (it was just shy of 75% when the paper was released).
  • To reduce the numbers claiming incapacity benefit by 1 million (from 2.7 million at the time). This was later stated to be achieved "within a decade" [2]
  • To help 300,000 lone parents back into work.
  • To increase the number of older workers, aged fifty or over, in work by 1 million.

Provisions, aims and criticisms of the Act[edit]

The Act is wide-ranging and affects a large swathe of the population, particularly those dependent on housing benefit and those suffering from physical and mental ill health and disability.

Changes to provision of Housing Benefit[edit]

The Local Housing Allowance method of assessing benefit will be applied across the de-regulated private rented sector nationwide.

Currently housing benefit is sent directly to landlords, not the tenants. The Act will change this so that rent money is paid to the tenant who will then be expected to pay this to the landlord. One of the stated motivations for this change is that it will give tenants an appreciation of the sums involved in their benefit claims and this will foster greater social responsibility. Criticism of this change has focused on vulnerable people such as drug addicted people (who may find the temptation of finding alternative uses for the money too great to withstand) and those with mental health problems (who may find the new responsibility difficult or impossible to fulfil).

The Act also introduces a housing benefit sanction for those who are found guilty of anti-social behaviour; benefit can be withdrawn and/or the tenants can be evicted.

Abolition of Incapacity Benefit[edit]

The Act replaces Incapacity Benefit with a new benefit, Employment and Support Allowance. The new benefit will require that regular effort is made by (non-exempted) claimants to seek work or take part in work-related assessments and regularly meet with an advisor. Those failing to do so may see a reduction of their benefit.

The medicals carried out to see who is eligible for the benefit will be made more stringent.

Criticism of the changes has been broad. Charities working with vulnerable people have welcomed the Government's pledge to assist the disabled into work but are concerned that there is a lack of funding for this support and that, in the end, there will be more coercion than help. Critics are broadly in agreement that employers remain very wary of taking on disabled or mentally ill people and much more needs to be done to change this.

Older people and single mothers[edit]

The stated aims of the legislation were to increase the numbers of older people (50+) and single mothers in employment - two groups that face particular difficulties in returning to work.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ This short title is given by section 71 of the Act.
  2. ^ Hutton, Parliamentary debate on Green Paper.

External links[edit]

Parliamentary documents and debates timeline[edit]


The links in this section include only primary documents relating to the debate within Parliament.

They are carefully laid out in the following manner; they are firstly ordered chronologically and then bulleted according to document type:

  • Headings
    • Hansard transcriptions of debates.
      • Parliamentary briefing documents and other primary sources.


Press: Opinion pieces and editorials[edit]