Whitchurch Silk Mill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Whitchurch Silk Mill
Whitchurch Silk Mill - geograph.org.uk - 329609.jpg
Type

Fulling mill

Silk mill
Location Whitchurch
Coordinates 51°13′39″N 1°20′23″W / 51.22753°N 1.33975°W / 51.22753; -1.33975Coordinates: 51°13′39″N 1°20′23″W / 51.22753°N 1.33975°W / 51.22753; -1.33975
OS grid reference SU4625247901
Area Hampshire
Built 1800
Owner Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official name: Whitchurch Silk Mill
Designated 10 Jan 1953
Reference no. 1092645
Whitchurch Silk Mill is located in Hampshire
Whitchurch Silk Mill
Location of Whitchurch Silk Mill in Hampshire

Whitchurch Silk Mill is a watermill on the River Test, located in the town of Whitchurch, Hampshire, England. It is a Grade II* listed building[1]

History[edit]

The mill was constructed in 1800 by Henry Hayter on a plot of land called Frog Island. The mill is probably on the same site as one of the four mills recorded in the Domesday Book. Originally it was a fulling mill (part of the finishing process of cloth weaving). Some years later, in 1817, it was bought by William Madick who changed its operation to throw silk. In 1844 it was acquired by Alexander Bannerman and John Spencer, merchants of Manchester. William Chappell, the manager of the mill, purchased it from them in 1846. At this time the mill employed 108 staff, including 39 children under the age of 13.[2] By 1866 the mill had passed into the ownership of the Hide family with whom it remained until the death of James Hide in 1955. It ultimately passed to Ede and Ravenscroft who operated it up to 1985, producing legal and academic gowns. It was then acquired by the Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust who, after renovation works, opened it to the public in 1990.[3]

In December 2012, the Trustees recommenced silk production.[4]

Ownership and Management[edit]

The building is owned by the Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust and leased to a dedicated trust, the Whitchurch Silk Mill Trust, to ensure preservation. The Trust operates as a registered charity and two registered companies.

The Whitchurch Silk Mill states on the UK Charity Commission website:

"Whitchurch Silk Mill Trust weaves silk on Victorian machinery in the Georgian watermill of Whitchurch Silk Mill, Hampshire. The mill is open to the public who come from across the UK and abroad. The charity educates visitors about silk, retains and develops the skills of silk weaving and restores its historic machinery."[5]

Local organisations, including the Town Council,[6] and the public are offering support to the Silk Mill in the hope that weaving activity can be restored to the Mill.

Machinery[edit]

The mill was powered by a low breastshot water wheel, 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) in diameter driving the machinery through line shafting. There are currently 15 looms in total, 10 Tappet looms dating to 1890-1932, 3 Dobby looms dating to the 1950s and 2 1960s Hattersley looms acquired in 1972. These days the looms are powered by individual electric motors. In addition there is a warping mill and winding frames also dating from the 1890s.[2]

Public Access[edit]

The mill is open for commissions and visitors, there is a gift shop and tea room on site.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Whitchurch Silk Mill". Historic England. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Whitchurch Silk Mill. Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust Ltd. 
  3. ^ "History". Whitchurch Silk Mill. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Is Whitchurch Silk Mill at risk". Whitchurch.org.uk. June 1, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  5. ^ UK Charity Commission information about the charity no.900621, Whitchurch Silk Mill
  6. ^ "The Silk Mill – support urged". Whitchurch.org.uk. June 19, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2012.