White-tailed nuthatch

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White-tailed nuthatch
White-tailed Nuthatch West Sikkim India 16.02.2016.jpg
Species photographed from West Sikkim, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sittidae
Genus: Sitta
Species: S. himalayensis
Binomial name
Sitta himalayensis
Jardine & Selby, 1835

The white-tailed nuthatch (Sitta himalayensis) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It ranges across the northern and northeastern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, existing mainly in the low-to-middle Himalayas, as well as associated mountain ranges. It is found in Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Tibet and Thailand.

Description and ecology[edit]

It may be identified by the buff underside, smaller beak than in Sitta cashmirensis (Kashmir nuthatch). The white on the upper tail coverts is difficult to see in the field. It has a small bill and rufous-orange underparts with unmarked bright rufous undertail-coverts.

Resident in the sub-Himalayan range from Himachal Pradesh to Arunachal Pradesh and into the South Assam Hills (Lushai Hills). It breeds from March to May in broad-leaved and mixed forest.[2]

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Sitta himalayensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Rasmussen, P.C.; Anderton, J.C. (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Smithsonian Institution & Lynx Edicions. 

External links[edit]