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WikiArt (formerly known as WikiPaintings) is an online, user-editable visual art encyclopedia. Based upon a statement in its 2013 financial report, the site appears to have been online since 2010.
In January 2020, the site shows the following numbers:
- 3293 artists (attributed to 171 art movements, 267 art schools/groups, 106 nationalities)
- 169057 artworks (191 styles], 61 genres)
- for example, the entry of Salvador Dali features 1162 artworks classified according to styles, periods and series, and also his related artists, and a cloud of artistic influences
- 8 languages of localization (English, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Chinese)
Since 2016, WikiArt features female artists' pages. According to the statement on the site, it "... advocates for better representation of women artists. It addresses the gender imbalance in the presentation of art by bringing to light important women artists of the past and promoting great women artists working today. It is designed to bring recognition to the achievements of women artists of all periods and nationalities, distinguishing them within the male-dominated art world."
Since 2019, WikiArt has presented a Short Films section, curated by London based award-winning director Dekel Berenson.
WikiArt contains both public domain and copyright protected artworks. Works not in the public domain are presented in accordance with fair use principle.
WikiArt and AI Research
Because of its availability to public, and a considerable database combined with well-developed structure, WikiArt is often used by scientists who study AI. Namely, they train AI on WikiArt data trying to discover its ability to recognize, classify, and generate art.
2015, Computer scientists Babak Saleh and Ahmed Egammal of Rutgers University, used the images from WikiArt in training an algorithm to look at paintings and detect the works’ genre, style and artist. Later, researchers from Rutgers University, the College of Charleston and Facebook's AI Lab collaborated on GAN (generative adversarial networks), training it on WikiArt data to tell the difference between a piece of art versus a photograph or diagram, and to identify different styles of art. Then, they designed CAN (creative adversarial networks), also trained on WikiArt dataset, to generate new works that does not fit known artistic styles.
2016, Chee Seng Chan (Associate Professor at University of Malaya) and his co-researchers trained CNN (convolutional neural networks) on WikiArt datasets and presented their paper “Ceci n’est pas une pipe: A Deep Convolutional Network for Fine-art Paintings Classification”. They released ArtGAN to explore the possibilities of AI in its relation to art.
2017, new study and Improved ArtGAN was published: "Improved ArtGAN for Conditional Synthesis of Natural Image and Artwork".
2018, Edmond de Belamy portrait produced by GAN was sold for $432,500 at Christie's auction. The algorithm was trained on a set of 15,000 portraits from WikiArt, spanning the 14th to the 19th century.
2019, Eva Cetinic, researcher at the Rudjer Boskovic Institute in Croatia, and her colleagues used images from WikiArt in training machine-learning algorithms to explore the relationship between the aesthetics, sentimental value, and memorability of fine art.
2020, Panos Achlioptas, a researcher at Stanford University and his co-researchers collected 439,121 affective annotations involving emotional reactions and written explanations of those, for 81K artworks of WikiArt. Their study involved 6,377 human annotators and it resulted in the first neural-based speaker model that showed non-trivial Turing test performance, in emotion-explanation tasks.
- "Welcome theteachingpalette.com - BlueHost.com". theteachingpalette.com.
- At Last: The World's Best Paintings, On Your Computer Screen (Oprah Winfrey Life Lift)
- WikiPaintings blog: Financial Report 2012 Q1 ("...our country (Ukraine) doesn’t support...")
- "WikiArt.org - Encyclopédie des Arts Visuels". www.wikiart.org.
- Magazine, Smithsonian; Fessenden, Marissa. "Computers Are Learning About Art Faster than Art Historians". Smithsonian Magazine.
- "AI Project Produces New Styles of Art".
- "AI-Generated Art Now Looks More Human Than Work at Art Basel, Study Says". 11 July 2017.
- Wei Ren Tan; Chee Seng Chan; Aguirre, Hernan; Tanaka, Kiyoshi (2017). "Improved ArtGAN for Conditional Synthesis of Natural Image and Artwork". arXiv:1708.09533 [cs.CV].
- "How an Art Collective is Using Artificial Intelligence to Make Paintings".
- "Full Page Reload". 14 June 2019.
- Achlioptas, Panos; Ovsjanikov, Maks; Haydarov, Kilichbek; Elhoseiny, Mohamed; Guibas, Leonidas (2021). "ArtEmis: Affective Language for Visual Art". arXiv:2101.07396 [cs.CV].
- WikiArt - home page