Wikipedia:WikiProject Skyscrapers/Articles

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This page was created to serve as a guideline for the creation of articles within the scope of WikiProject Skyscrapers.

Article creation[edit]

Every existing skyscraper should not have an article. Wikipedia is not a directory, and the majority of skyscrapers, high-rises, and towers are not notable enough to require their own pages. However, many structures do warrant separate pages. WikiProject Skyscrapers recognizes two reasons why articles on skyscrapers, high-rises, and towers should be created:

  1. The structure is clearly notable enough to warrant a separate page, distinct from that of the city or country article and/or any tallest building list which may exist for the city or country. In general, at least the 10 tallest structures in a city should always have separate articles.
  2. The structure needs to have a separate article created in order for the building's respective city or country tallest building list to be complete and meet Featured list criteria for subsequent nomination at Featured list candidates.

If you are unsure if a structure warrants creation of an article, feel free to ask any questions at the project's talk page.

Basic layout for a completed structure's article[edit]

This guideline provides a layout for a basic skyscraper. Extremely notable structures, such as the Empire State Building, CN Tower, Taipei 101, Burj Dubai, etc. need not follow this layout.

Lead[edit]

As per WP:LEAD, each article should begin with the name of the structure in bold font. The following information should be included in the article's lead:

  • The building's name
  • The location of the building (city and country, and basic national subdivision if applicable)
  • The height of the building, in both in metric and US units
  • The building's year (or month/exact date) of completion
  • The number of floors in the building (for skyscrapers and high-rises only)

Additional information regarding a building's rank in a city or nation, its architect(s), developer(s) and/or contractor(s) may also be included.

Infoboxes[edit]

Each individual structure article within the scope of WikiProject Skyscrapers should include a transcription of {{Infobox building}}, with all applicable information added to the infobox. Certain fields, such as the exact street address of a structure, should only be included in the infobox, and not in the lead or body of an article (This of course does not apply if the street address of a structure is also its official name).

Body[edit]

Some smaller skyscrapers which have little available information do not require any body text, and are sufficient with only a lead. In these cases, the lead should contain any extra information that would have otherwise been included in the body of an article. For structures that have much information, the body can be divided up into up to three general sections. Keep in mind that many skyscrapers will not have enough information to include three entire sections, while others will have an abundance of information, enough to warrant several more sections and subdivisions. This page only provides a general layout for articles to follow; no structure article is limited to the following three sections.

History[edit]

A history section should always be the first section in the body of any structure-related article; this applies for all building articles. The history section should generally include:

  • The date on which the building's construction began
  • The building's architect(s), contractor(s) and/or developer(s)
  • The approval date of the building
  • Any design changes made through the period from a building's original completion to construction completion
  • The building's date of completion

In many cases, all of the above information cannot be found for a building. For such articles, only include the applicable information. For more notable sections, the history section may be much longer, and include much more information than the general information listed above. If you feel that sourced information is relevant in an article's history section and is not included in the above list, then add it to the article.

Height[edit]

This should generally be a shorter section which restates:

  • The building's exact height, in both metric and US units
  • The building's city and/or national rank
  • The building's floor count (only for skyscrapers and high-rises)
  • Any extra height-related information, such as if a building was the tallest in the city and/or country upon completion

The height of a structure should always be included in both metric and imperial units, in both the lead and the height section. Per WP:MoS, the order of the height depends on the location of the building. If the structure is located in the United States, US units should be listed first, such as with 500 feet (152 m). If the structure is located in the United Kingdom, unit placement may vary, as either imperial or metric units may be listed first. Any article about a structure in any other country of the world should list metric units first, followed by US units, such as with 150 metres (492 ft). It is important to note the spelling differences between metric units in American English and in all other varieties of English; American English spells metric units with a final -er (kilometer), while all other varieties of English, including Canadian, use -re (kilometre). Spelling, like unit order, depends on the location of a structure. See WP:UNITS for more information.

Design[edit]

This section may also be named Design and location, if appropriate.

This section should contain any information regarding the building's structural components, interesting exterior and interior features, LEED certification, etc. In many cases, a Design section should not be included due to lack of information. If the title of the section is Design and location, information about local landmarks, local transportation stops and adjacent buildings should be added.

See also[edit]

This section is optional. Any See also links should be relevant to the article's information. Generally, a See also section should include a link to a city and/or country tallest building list page, as well as pages to any adjacent or very similar buildings and structures. All entries should be bulleted, not numbered. Articles need only be included in this section if a wikilink is not already provided in the lead or body of an article.

References[edit]

All articles should include a references section, to prove that information is verifiable. Article referencing may be done in two ways, depending on the length of an article. The {{reflist}} template should be used if any inline citations are included in an article. Generally, all longer articles should be formatted with a reflist and in-line citations. Articles with only a few citations should use {{reflist}}, while articles with several citations should use {{reflist|2}}. Very short skyscraper-related articles, such as those rated as stubs, do not require a {[reflist}} template or any in-line citations; the article's information need only be verified by providing a bulleted list of directly linked sources. In general, however, the use of {{reflist}} is preferred for all articles, including stubs.

External links[edit]

This section is optional. It should adhere to WP:EL, including only links which are not used as sources for the article, but are relevant to the topic. Examples include structure diagrams or forum pages.


Basic layout for a future structure's article[edit]

Articles about buildings that are under construction, approved, or proposed should follow a similar layout to the articles of completed structures. The differences between the articles for a completed structure and a future structure are listed here:

  • Under construction buildings and structures need to be added to Category:Buildings under construction.
  • The Design/Design and location section should be a subdivision under History, rather than a separate section.

Otherwise, the layout of the articles of existing and future structures are generally the same.

Images[edit]

All existing structures, or structures that are under construction but nearly completed, may only be visually identified with free images. No non-free images can be used, as free images can easily be taken.

For approved, proposed, and buildings in the early stages of construction, promotional fair use images taken from the developer's website or other similar websites may be used to visually identify the building in question. However, these images need to be tagged with {{Non-free promotional|image_has_rationale=yes|image_is_of_living_person=no}}, and include a thorough fair use rationale that adheres to WP:NFC.

If only one image has been uploaded of a structure, it should be placed in the article's infobox. If more than one image has been uploaded, the image should be placed appropriately in other sections of the article, or in an image gallery at the bottom of an article or section.

Sources and external links[edit]

Most structure-realted articles should include links (as references) to Emporis.com and SkyscraperPage.com, which are both regarded as relaible sources for individual building information. Other websites which are widely used are Structurae.de and SkyscraperCity.com. If available, references from any newspaper articles or other websites which provide useful information about a building used in an article should be included. If a building has an official website (or, in the case of future buildings, a developer's website), links should be provided in the external links section.

Example[edit]