Wilburn K. Ross
Wilburn K. Ross
Wilburn K. Ross (right), being congratulated by President John F. Kennedy
|Birth name||Wilburn Kirby Ross|
|Born||May 12, 1922|
|Died||May 9, 2017 (aged 94)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Unit||2nd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||World War II Korean War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
He started working in coal mines at age 18, but he soon joined the United States Army. By October 30, 1944, he was serving as a private in Company G, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. On that day, near Saint-Jacques[disambiguation needed], France, Ross manned a machine gun through repeated German assaults, holding off the enemy even after his supporting riflemen had run out of ammunition. During the incident, Ross noticed what he thought was the body of a deceased German soldier. This individual was in fact alive, and an American Lieutenant, who was watching Ross the entire time. This lieutenant later reported Ross' acts of valor and recommended him for the Medal of Honor which was issued six months later, on April 14, 1945.
Following World War II, he re-enlisted after a short period working a government job. Deployed to fight in Korea he was injured after nine days in combat. Remaining in the Army until 1964, Ross retired as a master sergeant.
For a two-year period before 1950, Ross worked for the Kentucky Highway Authority. Ross married in 1960, and after retiring from the U.S. Army, lived in DuPont, Washington. He and his wife raised six children. After retiring from the Army he worked for a veterans hospital as well as a pickle factory in Washington. His wife, Monica, died in 2011.
Medal of Honor citation
Private Ross' official Medal of Honor citation reads:
For The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Private Wilburn Kirby Ross, United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with Company G, 2d Battalion, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division, in action near St. Jacques, France. At 11:30 a.m. on 30 October 1944, after his company had lost 55 out of 88 men in an attack on an entrenched, full-strength German company of elite mountain troops, Private Ross placed his light machinegun ten yards in advance of the foremost supporting riflemen in order to absorb the initial impact of an enemy counterattack. With machinegun and small-arms fire striking the earth near him, he fired with deadly effect on the assaulting force and repelled it. Despite the hail of automatic fire and the explosion of rifle grenades within a stone’s throw of his position, he continued to man his machine gun alone, holding off six more German attacks. When the eighth assault was launched, most of his supporting riflemen were out of ammunition. They took positions in echelon behind Private Ross and crawled up, during the attack, to extract a few rounds of ammunition from his machinegun ammunition belt. Private Ross fought on virtually without assistance and, despite the fact that enemy grenadiers crawled to within four yards of his position in an effort to kill him with hand grenades, he again directed accurate and deadly fire on the hostile force and hurled it back. After expending his last rounds, Private Ross was advised to withdraw to the company command post, together with eight surviving riflemen, but, as more ammunition was expected, he declined to do so. The Germans launched their last all-out attack, converging their fire on Private Ross in a desperate attempt to destroy the machinegun which stood between them and a decisive breakthrough. As his supporting riflemen fixed bayonets for a last-ditch stand, fresh ammunition arrived and was brought to Private Ross just as the advance assault elements were about to swarm over his position. He opened murderous fire on the oncoming enemy; killed 40 and wounded ten of the attacking force; broke the assault single-handedly, and forced the Germans to withdraw. Having killed or wounded at least 58 Germans in more than five hours of continuous combat and saved the remnants of his company from destruction, Private Ross remained at his post that night and the following day for a total of 36 hours. His actions throughout this engagement were an inspiration to his comrades and maintained the high traditions of the military service.
On Veteran's Day, November 11, 2013, the U.S. Postal Service dedicated a set of World War II Medal of Honor Forever stamps. The cover set featured pictures of 12 Medal of Honor recipients, including Ross.
Ross was inducted into the Kentucky Veterans Hall of Fame in 2014, its inaugural class.
The town of DuPont named a community park after him and erected a memorial. The memorial inscription includes Ross's official Medal of Honor citation.
- Lucas, Tim. "WWII Medal of Honor Recipient Wilburn K. Ross: His Life and Story". www.MilitaryVALoan.com. www.MilitaryVALoan.com. Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- Schudel, Matt (11 May 2017). "Wilburn Ross, who received Medal of Honor for heroism in WWII, dies at 94". Washington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "Medal of Honor Recipient Wilburn K. Ross Passes Away at 94". PR Newswire. Cision Inc. May 9, 2017.
- "Wilburn K. Ross Medal of Honor citation". Unto the Breach. The Victory Institute. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- Greene, Jimmie W.; Perry, Samuel D. (2011). Bridge Builder: A Look Back At My First Term As Judge/Executive of McCreary County, Kentucky. Author House. p. 92. ISBN 9781456745356.
- "Roll Call of Heroes (House of Representatives - September 18, 2013)". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives, 113th Congress, 1st Session. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Living Recipients Appear on World War II Medal of Honor Forever Stamp Sheet". United States Postal Service. November 11, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- Daly, Nancy (March 12, 2014). "Veterans' service in war, at home honored". cincinnati.com. USA Today Network. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Full List of Living Recipients". Congressional Medal of Honor Society. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
- "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (M-S)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved 2007-09-05.