Wilhelm T. Unge

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Baron Wilhelm Theodor Unge
Born 1845
Died 1915 (aged 69–70)
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Army of Sweden
Years of service 1866-? (prior to 1894)
Rank Lieutenant colonel, staff-general and captain in the Royal Uplands Regiment[1]
Other work controlled, Solid-fuel rocketry; improved propellant; life-saving rockets
This aerial photograph of Karlskoga possibly used one of Captain W.T. Unge's rockets to carry one of Alfred Nobel cameras c. 1897.[2]

Baron Wilhelm Theodor Unge was a military engineer who invented a telemeter and various improvements to artillery.[3] He was born in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1845. He worked with Alfred Nobel to improve the range and accuracy of Hale rockets, by using improved propellants and launching from cannons.[3] It is possible that one of his rockets carried the Nobel camera that made the first aerial photograph from a rocket in April 1897.[2]

After Nobel died in 1896, Unge obtained patents for improved rockets, with some sold to several countries. In 1908 he sold his patents to Friedrich Krupp.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Optic Military Article Photocopies". Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  2. ^ a b Skoog, A. Ingemar (2009-07-17). The Alfred Nobel rocket camera. An early aerial photography attempt. Acta Astronautica. Elsevier Ltd. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.06.011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Wilhelm T. Unge". Retrieved 2009-09-19. Inducted in 1977