Wilhelm Friedrich Wolff, nicknamed Lupus (21 June 1809 – 9 May 1864) was a German schoolmaster.
Wolff was born in Tarnau, Kreis Frankenstein, Silesia (now Tarnów, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, (Ząbkowice Śląskie), Poland). In 1831 he became active as a radical student organization member, for which he was imprisoned between 1834 and 1838.
In 1846, in Brussels, Wolff became a close friend of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. He was active in the Brussels Communist Correspondence Committee and a member of the League of the Just in addition to being Co-founder of the League of Communists in 1848 as a member of its central authority. He served as an editor of the Neue Rheinische Zeitung in 1848-9 and as a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly.
Wolff emigrated to Switzerland in 1849 and then to England in 1851.
On his death, Wolff left a substantial fortune to Marx, who dedicated the first volume of Das Kapital to him with the line "To my unforgettable friend, Wilhelm Wolff. Intrepid, faithful, noble protagonist of the proletariat."
- "Glossary of People: Wolff, Wilhelm". Marxist Internet Archive.
- Eyck, Frank The Revolutions of 1848 Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, 1972 p. 19
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