|1st Superintendent of Otago Province|
1853 – October 1859
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Dunedin Country
1855 – October 1859
27 August 1784|
|Died||6 August 1860
|Spouse(s)||Mary Ann Yates (married 1813)|
|Profession||Soldier, merchant, coloniser, politician|
William Walter Cargill (27 August 1784 – 6 August 1860) was the founder of the Otago settlement in New Zealand, after serving as an officer in the British Army. He was a Member of Parliament and Otago's first Superintendent.
Cargill was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1784. His parents were James Cargill and Marrion Jamieson. His father died of alcoholism when he was 15. He joined the British Army in 1802 and served with distinction in India, Spain, and France. In 1813, he married Mary Ann Yates, they had seventeen children. Of these, two of his five sons became notable in public life: John, who followed in his fathers footsteps and became a politician, and Edward, a prominent businessman and politician. Family circumstances forced him to sell his commission in 1820, though he was later referred to as "Captain Cargill". After leaving the army, he became a wine merchant in Scotland.
|Parliament of New Zealand|
The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 granted the settler population self-government, and in 1853 Cargill was elected Superintendent of the Otago Province. Cargill also served as a member of parliament for Dunedin Country. He was elected unopposed on 11 December 1855. He served the multi-member electorate alongside his son John. He rarely spoke in the house and found travel to parliament in Auckland difficult. Aged 75, he announced his resignation from public office in October 1859; he died less than a year later. He was described as a "unabashed provincialist".
Death and legacy
He died of a stroke on 6 August 1860, at his home "Hillside" in Dunedin, and is buried in Dunedin Southern Cemetery with his wife and three children. His daughter Isabel Cargill, travelled to Italy with Miss Ann Marie Babington and 1892 they opened Babington's English Tea Rooms www.babingtons.com on the Spanish Steps in Rome which still today belongs to her descendants. Numerous names have connections with Cargill. The city of Invercargill is named for him (Inver coming from the Scots Gaelic word inbhir meaning a river's mouth), as is Mount Cargill, which towers above northern Dunedin. "Cargill's Corner" is a major road intersection in South Dunedin, and one of the roads which crosses at it is Hillside Road, named for Cargill's house. A Tasmanian sandstone monument to Cargill was built in Dunedin in 1864.
- Brooking, Tom (22 June 2007). "Cargill, William 1784 - 1860". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "1848: The John Wickliffe anchors at Port Chalmers". New Zealand History Online. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "Election of Members for the House of Representatives". Otago Witness (212). 15 December 1855. p. 3. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
- McLintock, Alexander Hare. "William Cargill". Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "Cemetery Details". Dunedin City Council. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- Hamel, Rodney (5 September 2009). "Cargill monument not set in stone". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Cargill.|
- William Cargill Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
|First||Superintendent of Otago Province
|New Zealand Parliament|
Served alongside: John Cargill, John Parkin Taylor