William Chapple in 1908
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
5 June 1908 – 29 October 1908
|Preceded by||James Bennet|
|Succeeded by||Robert Scott|
|Born||14 July 1864
Alexandra, New Zealand
|Died||19 October 1936
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Douglas Chapple|
Chapple was born in Alexandra in Central Otago, New Zealand. His parents were the farmer John Cole Chapple and Elizabeth McEwan Chapple (née Allan). He received his early education at Alexandra Primary School. He commenced a medical degree at Otago University and in 1888 went to King's College Hospital for one year. He returned to Otago in the following year to complete his degree, and graduated in 1890 with MB ChB. He was first registered as a medical professional on 10 May 1890 and went to Motueka, where he became Public Vaccinator and Native Medical Attendant for the Nelson district. He became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1897, became MRCP&S in Ireland in 1897 and obtained further qualifications in Dublin (Dip State Med, DPH). He obtained his Doctor of Medicine (MD) from Otago University in 1899.
Chapple married Sarah Douglas Turnbull on 1 January 1891 at St Johns Presbyterian Church in Willis Street, Wellington. His wife, five years younger than him, was born in San Francisco. Her father was the Wellington architect Thomas Turnbull. At the time, Chapple was still living in Motueka, but later that year, his father-in-law designed him a large house to be built on the corner of Willis and Dixon Streets in Wellington. He moved to Wellington in 1892, where he continued to practice medicine. He was interested in issues of education and was a philanthropist. He was the president of the Wellington Swimming Club. He served on the Victoria College Council (these days the Victoria University of Wellington) until 1907.
Member of Parliament
|Parliament of New Zealand|
Chapple was associated with the New Zealand Liberal Party. He unsuccessfully stood as an Independent Liberal against William Henry Peter Barber in the Newtown electorate in the 1902 and 1905 general elections.
Later, Chapple was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons at Westminster. He represented Stirlingshire from January 1910 until the constituency was abolished at the 1918 general election. On the reorganisation of constituencies in 1918, he was unsuccessful in Clackmannan and Eastern Stirlingshire, but returned at the 1922 general election as MP for Dumfrieshire, holding that seat until his defeat at the 1924 general election.
Chapple strongly advocated Eugenics. He was the author of Fertility of the Unfit, in which he advocated enforced sterilization in certain cases. He also published How to Impress the Evils of Alcohol, First Principles in the Art of Physical Development and Cases and Comments from a Doctor's Practice.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "William Allan CHAPPLE". Capital & Coast District Health Board. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Note that the source spells her maiden name 'Allen', but given that sons commonly adopted their mother's maiden name at that time, the spelling is presumably a mistake
- "Marriages Solemnized at St Johns Presbyterian Church, Willis St, Wellington". St Johns Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Philson, Marianne (29 October 1993). "UNIVERSITY OF OTAGO - LIST OF GRADUATES FOR THE PERIOD CIRCA 1870 - 1919 (A-G)". Auckland. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1897). "Physicians and Surgeons". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Provincial District. Wellington: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Residence, Willis Street for Dr Chapple". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Hamer, David (1988). The New Zealand Liberals: the years of power, 1891-1912. Auckland: Auckland University Press. p. 362.
- Whitcher, G.F. (1966). The New Liberal Party 1905. Christchurch: MA Thesis-University of Canterbury. p. 267.
- "The General Election, 1902". National Library. 1903. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 188. OCLC 154283103.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 561. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 647, 621. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "The rhetoric of eugenics: expert authority and the Mental Deficiency Bill", BJHS, 1991, 24, 45-60
- Eugenics and Politics in Britain, 1900-1914 by Geoffrey Russell Searle ISBN 90-286-0236-4
- "The Recorder". The Recorder (Port Pirie) (9,108). South Australia. 20 July 1928. p. 2. Retrieved 11 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Chapple.|
- Works by William Chapple at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about William Chapple at Internet Archive
- Works by or about William Chapple in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Chapple
|New Zealand Parliament|
|Member of Parliament for Tuapeka
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Donald Mackenzie Smeaton
|Member of Parliament for Stirlingshire
January 1910 – 1918
|Member of Parliament for Dumfriesshire