William Cumming Henley

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William Cumming Henley
Born (1860-01-06)6 January 1860[1]
Dartmouth, Devon
Died 6 November 1919(1919-11-06) (aged 59)
Dartmouth, Devon
Nationality English
Occupation Ironmonger
Known for Self taught scientst, naturalist, artist, collector

William Cumming Henley (6 January 1860 – 6 November 1919) was a self-taught scientist, artist and collector who was born, educated[2] and died in Dartmouth, Devon in England, and whose lifetime collection of artefacts is held in the Dartmouth Museum.[3][4]

Henley is the subject of a biography, William Cumming Henley: His days and ways.[5]


  1. ^ Freeman, Ray. Dartmouth and Its Neighbours - A history of the Port and Its People. Richard Webb. p. 174. ISBN 9780953636167. LIke his father before him [Henley] was an ironmonger and tinsmith, with a shop in Foss Street. Henley was born over the shop, in 1860, one of a large family 
  2. ^ "The Dartmouth Archives - A Dartmouth History Research Group Project". The Dartmouth Archives. Retrieved 2 March 2012. Prices/Princes Slip - William Cumming Henley went to school here. Taught by Rev. John Clase baptist minister. Headquarters for storage of dried fish from Newfoundland. 
  3. ^ "The Henley Trail | William Cumming Henley | Ironmonger". Dartmouth Museum. Retrieved 2 March 2012. William wasn't just a shopkeeper. He was a self taught scientist, living at the time of Charles Darwin. Perhaps inspired by Darwin, William created his own scientific instruments, and amassed a large personal collection of specimens and artefacts, things he studied and learned about. Many of these are on display in the museum. 
  4. ^ "New Display at Dartmouth Museum". Dartmouth News. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2012. William Henley (1860-1919) was one of the most remarkable sons of Dartmouth. He was a local ironmonger who, in a lifetime search for knowledge, became a self taught and talented artist, naturalist and botanist, and scientific microscopist. His many water-colours form a unique record of the town at the end of the nineteenth century. 
  5. ^ Henley, Ellen Pamela (1953). William Cumming Henley: His days and ways (1st ed.). R Cranford. ASIN B0007JRE4O.