William Earnshaw

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For the American minister, see William Earnshaw (minister).
William Earnshaw in 1927.

William Earnshaw (1852 – 29 December 1931) was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for two Dunedin electorates representing the Liberal Party. He later served on the Legislative Council. He was one of the first labour representatives in Parliament.

Early life[edit]

'Plain Bill' Earnshaw was born in Manchester, England.[1] He received his education in his home town and showed considerable ability at school. He trained as an all-round mechanic after his schooling. Aged 21, he left for the United States, where he spent two years. He visited Australia and came to New Zealand in 1878.[1][2] He first settled in Christchurch and worked at the Addington Railway Workshops.[2] He married Gwendoline Marie Payne in Christchurch on 21 July 1880.[3] He moved to Dunedin in 1881, where he was a brass-founder at Anderson and Morrisons.[2]

Political career[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1890–1893 11th Peninsula Liberal-Labour
1893–1896 12th City of Dunedin Liberal-Labour

In 1890, Earnshaw contested the Peninsula electorate against the incumbent, William Larnach. Earnshaw's victory made him a national figure, one of the new breed of working-class MPs.[4] Earnshaw represented the Peninsula electorate until the end of the term in 1893, and then the City of Dunedin electorate (1893–1896) in the House of Representatives.[5] A strong prohibitionist, Earnshaw became one of Sir Robert Stout's few consistent supporters in Parliament after 1893. This put him off-side with Premier Richard Seddon.

Earnshaw came seventh in the three-member Dunedin electorate in the 1896 election.[6] He came eighth in the three-member Wellington electorate in the 1899 election.[7]

Earnshaw was appointed to the Legislative Council in 1913 and served until his death in 1931.[8]

Life outside parliament[edit]

After his 1899 defeat, Earnshaw moved to Gillespies Beach near Fox Glacier, where he was involved in dredging. He later took employment with the Wellington Harbour Board prior to his appointment to the Legislative Council.[2]

He died on 29 December 1931 at Wellington Hospital after a short illness. He was survived by his wife and two sons.[3] His wife died in 1947, and both are buried at Karori Cemetery.[9]


  1. ^ a b Hamer 1988, pp. 186, 362.
  2. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1940, p. 225.
  3. ^ a b "Obituary". The Evening Post. CXII (155). 29 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Thomson 1998, p. 144.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 194.
  6. ^ "Otago". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 152.
  9. ^ "Details". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 


New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
William Larnach
Member of Parliament for Peninsula
Constituency abolished