William Geissler

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

William Geissler
WilliamGeissler M1.jpg
William Geissler ca.1922, photo M.E. Burnet
Born
William Hastie Geissler

(1894-06-26)26 June 1894
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died11 November 1963(1963-11-11) (aged 69)
Inveresk, East Lothian, Scotland
NationalityBritish
EducationEdinburgh College of Art, André Lhote, Paris
Known forPainting, watercolours
MovementEdinburgh School
Spouse(s)Alison Cornwall McDonald

William Hastie Geissler (1894 Edinburgh - 1963) was a Scottish artist known for his watercolours of the natural world. He was one of The Edinburgh School, and much of his earlier work came from sketching trips undertaken with other members of this group, though he himself is sometimes described as a "neglected" member. Although his natural preference lay with watercolour, often with gouache and pen and ink, several works in oil survive.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

William Geissler was the grandson of Paul Richard Geissler, who in the 1850s had emigrated from Hirschfeld, Saxony in Germany to Edinburgh, where he settled and married, pursuing a career as a music teacher for children of well-to-do families. Following the collapse of the City of Glasgow Bank in 1878, the financial conditions of Paul Richard's clients, as well as his own, became severely strained. As a result, he advised his own children to seek careers that guaranteed security. Thus it was that Hermann Richard Geissler became a railway clerk. Hermann married Jane Hastie on 26 September 1893, and William was born precisely nine months later. William was educated at James Gillespie's Primary School and Boroughmuir High School in Edinburgh, where his precocious interest in drawing was remarked early on. After the drudgery of his father's generation William could begin to develop his inherited artistic talents. On leaving school he was employed as an apprentice draughtsman and engraver with Thomas Nelson, the publishing firm and printer in Edinburgh. At the same time he also attended evening classes at Edinburgh College of Art (ECA). At the outbreak of war he joined the Royal Scots Regiment and was posted to northern France in 1915, serving in the Battle of the Somme.[2] Later in the war, in mid 1917, he was seconded to the Royal Engineers, whose need for skilled map draughtsmen was pressing.

Post First World War Life[edit]

After demobilisation from the army in 1919, he attended Edinburgh College of Art as a full-time student. Geissler and William Gillies both graduated from ECA in June 1922. In 1923, Geissler, Gillies and William Crozier, having won scholarships, travelled to Paris to study with André Lhote. On his return from Paris, the formal cubist influence of Lhote in Geissler's work softened and was transformed by his own observation of the geometry of the natural world. He exhibited for several years with colleagues as a member of The 1922 Group,[3][4] an association of ECA graduates who had been awarded travelling scholarships, and whose annual exhibitions were shown at the New Gallery, Shandwick Place, Edinburgh. Exhibitions included work by Geissler, Gillies, William MacTaggart (the Younger), John Maxwell and Crozier.

Geissler tutored at Edinburgh College of Art in the 1920s before being appointed Art Master at Perth Academy in 1928. In 1931 he married Alison McDonald, later known as the glass engraver Alison Geissler, with whom he had three children, Paul, Erik and Catherine.[5] In 1935 he took a post teaching art at Moray House College of Education, becoming Head of the Art Department in 1947 until his retirement in 1962. He was a member of the Society of Scottish Artists (SSA), of which he was President from 1954 to 1957, and of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour (RSW).

St Paul's Cathedral and Blackfriars Bridge, London, 1923, Oil
The Tay (Pitlochry), watercolour and pencil, 1928[6]
Near Moffat, ca. 1931 Watercolour and pencil (Courtesy of Perth Museum and Art Gallery)[7]
The Hill Farm (Wamphrey) 1930, Oil,[8] Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art

He worked from close observation of nature, with scenes of lowland Scottish farms and farmsteads, of harbours with fishing boats, and of woodlands and trees. His landscapes are almost all without figures. His vision encompassed not only broad landscapes but was also enthralled by their finer details, as in Roots, Undergrowth, Toadstools, Dead Wood, Hemlock. As if plants and trees were the representation of life, some of his works at the end of the Second World War create a haunting, sinister mood,[9] the expression of his desolation at the scene of a forest near Carrbridge felled by a storm. After 1951, however, vacations in the New Forest in Hampshire infused his paintings with bright colour and sun.

An MPhil thesis devoted to his work was completed by Norman Shaw[10] in 1994,[11] from which much of the information in this entry is drawn.

In the 1950s he developed an interest in cinematography as a means of teaching art in schools. With the participation of teachers and school children from Norton Park School he took an active part in the production of two films set in Edinburgh, The Singing Street and Happy Weekend.[12]

A retrospective exhibition of his paintings entitled Poetry of Place was held at Edinburgh College of Art in 1996.[13]

Several of his works have not been traced. References to some notable paintings not shown here are listed below, followed by a selection of some of his known works, arranged in approximate chronological order to show the development of his style and choice of subject matter during his career (see also [14]):

  • Moniaive, Watercolour, SSA exhibition 1934[15]
  • Highland Fling (SSA exhibition 1938)
  • Toadstools, Watercolour with pen and ink (SSA exhibition 1943)
  • The Monk's Walk (RSA exhibition 1944)
  • Tree Stumps, Gouache, 1946 [16]
  • Gateway, Watercolour on paper, 1947, RSW exhibition 1950[17]
  • Roots, Watercolour, gouache, pen and ink on paper, late 1940s[18]
  • Woodcuts, illustrations of books on plants [19]
Perthshire Farm, Watercolour and Gouache, ca 1937
Undergrowth, Gouache, 1942[20]
Procession of Trees, Gouache 1944
Morning Sun, Gouache with pen and ink, 1945 [21]
Wartime Beach. Gouache, pen and ink. 1945[22]
Awaiting Execution. Watercolour, 1946.[23] Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
Tree Stump. Watercolour, gouache, pen and ink. 1946
Flotsam and Jetsam, w/c pencil ink. ca 1945. The Fleming-Wyfold Art Foundation / Bridgeman Images[24][25]
-->
Bergerie Farm, Gouache, ca 1952
New Forest VIII. Hampshire. Gouache ca 1953
The Boatyard I, Gouache, Pen and Ink, ca. 1952
Dead Trees, Watercolour, ink 1954. Inverness Museum and Art Gallery[26]
The Boat, Hythe. Watercolour 1954.[27]
On the Fifeshire Coast (St Monans). Gouache ca 1954[28]
The Boat Yard (Macduff). Watercolour and pencil ca 1955[29]
Hemlock, Watercolour with pen and ink 1956[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Your Paintings - William Hastie Geissler paintings". Art UK.
  2. ^ Neill Gilhooley, A History of the 9th (Highlanders) Royal Scots, Pen & Sword Military (2019) ISBN 978-1526735270
  3. ^ The 1922 Group, Seventh Exhibition, New Gallery, Shandwick Place (Closing Day 10 May 1929). Members: Arthur V. Couling, William Crozier, A.R.S.A, William Gillies, William Geissler, David W. Gunn, C. Wright Hall, William MacTaggart, John Maxwell, William G. Scoular, George C. Watson.
  4. ^ "1922 Group". gla.ac.uk.
  5. ^ "Kings College London - Catherine Geissler". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  6. ^ Sixth exhibition of the 1922 group
  7. ^ "Acquired by the Perth Art Gallery from the Neillands Bequest in 1988". Perth Museum and Art Gallery, Perth and Kinross Council, Accession Nº 1988.100.
  8. ^ SSA exhibition 1934, The Scotsman 3 December 1934
  9. ^ Duncan Macmillan, The Scotsman, August 8, 1996
  10. ^ "Edinburgh Printmakers". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  11. ^ The Life and Art of William Geissler (1894-1963): Norman Shaw, MPhil Thesis, Edinburgh College of Art, 1994
  12. ^ "Scottish Screen Archive". nls.uk.
  13. ^ The Art of William Geissler 1894-1963, Poetry of Place, Author: Alistair (Introduction) Rowan, Publisher: Edinburgh College of Art, 1996
  14. ^ "William Hastie Geissler : The Pepper Gallery". thepeppergallery.com.
  15. ^ The Scotsman 3 December 1934
  16. ^ The Edinburgh School, Exhibition of paintings by graduates and teachers of Edinburgh College of Art, The Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh, 13 August-8 September 1993
  17. ^ Edinburgh City Art Centre Catalogue Number CAC2000/10
  18. ^ Edinburgh City Art Centre Catalogue Number CAC2000/9
  19. ^ Papermaking Fibres, TULLIS RUSSELL & co Published by Tullis Russell, Markinch, Fife, Scotland,1950. 1st ed, 1950
  20. ^ 1942 RSW exhibition, and the 1943 exhibition Art for the People
  21. ^ 1947 RSW Exhibition
  22. ^ 1945 RSA Exhibition
  23. ^ 1946 RSW and RSW exhibitions
  24. ^ "Fleming Collection -". flemingcollection.com.
  25. ^ "Flotsam and Jetsam (w/c pencil and ink on paper) by Geissler, William (1894-1963) - Bridgeman Images - art images & historical footage for licensing". Bridgeman Images.
  26. ^ (SSA exhibition 1954), Cat No. 54/6
  27. ^ 1954 RSA exhibition
  28. ^ 1955 RSW exhibition
  29. ^ 1954 SSA exhibition
  30. ^ 1956 SSA exhibition