William Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people with the same name, see William Herbert (disambiguation).

William Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (5 March 1451 – 16 July 1491) was the son of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Anne Devereux. His paternal grandparents were William ap Thomas and Gwladys, daughter of Dafydd Gam, and his maternal grandparents were Walter Devereux, Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Elizabeth Merbury.

He succeeded his father in the earldom in 1469. In 1479, he was forced by Edward IV to surrender the earldom with its accompanying lands in Wales, and was created Earl of Huntingdon. William had hoped to restore to his family the Earldom of Pembroke. Awarding lands in the south-west of England meant that Edward had moved the family influence out of Wales.[1] A Yorkist, he married Mary Woodville, sister of the queen, Elizabeth Woodville,[2] and they had one daughter, Elizabeth Herbert, 3rd Baroness Herbert.

Herbert remained loyal to Richard III. After the rebellion of 1483 he received the post of Chief Justice of South Wales, which had been the Duke of Buckingham's.[3]

After his marriage to his second wife, Katherine, an illegitimate daughter of King Richard III of England in 1484, he received an annuity of some £1,000 pounds a year, nearly doubling his income.[4][3] Katherine is presumed to have died by 1487, because when William participated in the coronation of his first wife's niece, Elizabeth of York, he was noted to have been a widower.

When Henry of Richmond landed in south Wales in 1485 Herbert's position forced Henry to take a roundabout route into England.[3] It is likely that a Herbert agent first notified Richard III of Henry's landing.[5] Herbert did not, however, fight at Bosworth.

When he died, his only child, Elizabeth Herbert, received the Herbert lands, including Raglan Castle, but not his title. However, oddly, his earldom did not pass to his younger brother, Walter Herbert. The earldom would however be granted again to the Herbert family in 1551 as the tenth creation to his nephew, Sir William Herbert, the son of Sir Richard Herbert, an illegitimate son of William's father. The Herbert family today, still retains the earldom of Pembroke among others.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Hicks, The Wars of the Roses, (Yale University Press, 2012), 212.
  2. ^ Charles Ross, Edward IV, (University of California Press, 1974), 93.
  3. ^ a b c Charles Ross, Richard III, (University of California Press, 1981), 158.
  4. ^ 'Bosworth: The Birth of the Tudors; by Chris Skidmore; Phoenix Press (2013), p. 204
  5. ^ Charles Ross, Richard III, 211.

References[edit]

  • Cokayne, George E. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. London: G. Bell & Sons, 1887. (p. 207) googlebooks Retrieved May 4, 2008
  • Ross, Charles (1981). Richard III. University of California Press. ISBN 0-413-29530-3. 
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Herbert
Earl of Pembroke
1469–1479
Succeeded by
(surrendered)
Preceded by
(new creation)
Earl of Huntingdon
1479–1491
Succeeded by
(extinct)
Preceded by
William Herbert
Baron Herbert
1469–1491
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Herbert