William Herbert Dray

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William Herbert Dray (23 June 1921, in Montreal – 6 August 2009, in Toronto) was a Canadian philosopher of history. He was Professor Emeritus at the University of Ottawa.[1]

He is known for his version of anti-positivist Verstehen in history, in Laws and Explanation in History,[2] and his work on R. G. Collingwood.


  • The Covering Law Model
  • The Doctrine of Implicit Definition
  • Explaining and Predicting
  • Causal Laws and Causal Analysis
  • The Rationale of Action
  • Explaining Why and Explaining How


  1. ^ Official page
  2. ^ Michael Martin, Verstehen: The Uses of Understanding in the Social Sciences (2000), p. 103.