William M. "Bill" Isaac (born 1943 in Bryan, Ohio) was the Chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) from 1981 to 1985. He founded the regulatory consulting firm The Secura Group LLC which is now a part of FTI Consulting, Inc., a global consulting firm. Isaac sits on a number of corporate boards and speaks and writes regularly on financial and regulatory issues.
Early life and education
William M. Isaac was born in 1943 to parents Charles and Ruth Isaac. He grew up in Bryan, Ohio.
Isaac earned his Bachelor of Business Administration degree from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio in 1964. While a student at Miami, he was a member of the Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity, the Student Senate, and served as Treasurer of his class. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree (LL.D) from Miami University in 1984. He also received a Doctorate of Law (summa cum laude) from The Ohio State University. Isaac received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from Ohio State in 2013. He is a former member of the Board of Directors of the Miami University Foundation and is a Life Member of the Board of Directors The Ohio State University Foundation. In 2016 Isaac co-founded with his former classmate the William Isaac & Michael Oxley Center for Business Leadership at Miami University.
After earning his law degree, Isaac went to work for the law firm Foley & Lardner in Milwaukee. Witnessing incredible changes rippling through the banking sector at the time, he worked on the forefront of the vast expansion of bank holding companies and the difficulties posed by the recession and real estate collapse of 1972-1974.
Making a move to focus his career on the banking industry, Isaac departed Foley & Lardner in 1974 to join the First Kentucky National Corporation in Louisville, KY, the largest banking company in the state. He served as vice president and general counsel of the corporation and its subsidiaries, which included the First National Bank of Louisville and First Kentucky Trust Co.
There, he got his first taste of dealing with shareholders and reporting to regulatory agencies, including the FDIC, and learned to deftly navigate the economic waters of the mid-1970s.
In 1978, at age 34, Isaac was tapped by President Jimmy Carter to serve as the youngest-ever member of the board of the FDIC. The position proved to be full throttle from day one – in fact, on his first day in office at the FDIC, Isaac was called down to Puerto Rico, where one of the territory’s largest banks, Banco Credito, was set to fail. Isaac was named Chairman of the FDIC in 1981 following the election of President Ronald Reagan. He served in that position through 1985 and is credited of preparing the FDIC for an onslaught of bank failures throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s.
Isaac served as FDIC Chairman during the Reagan Administration from 1981 through 1985, a very tumultuous period in U.S. banking, which has recently been a point of comparison to the financial crisis of 2008. He was appointed to the three-member board of directors of the FDIC on March 16, 1978 by President Carter. Some of the major challenges during Isaac's tenure at the FDIC were sky-high interest rates (the U.S. prime rate reached 21.5 percent); widespread bank failures and massive insolvencies in the thrift industry; the Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act deregulating interest rates; a major recession in 1981-1982 with unemployment reaching 11 percent in 1983; the collapse of Continental Illinois, then the seventh largest bank in the US; the third world debt crisis; a depression in the agricultural sector; a collapse of the bubble in the energy sector; and a severe nationwide collapse in the real estate sector. Altogether during the crisis of the 1980s and early 1990s some 3,000 banks and thrifts failed, including many of the largest banks in the country and nine of the ten largest banks in Texas.
Isaac is widely credited, including by President Reagan and former Fed Chairman Paul Volcker, with helping to maintain stability in the financial system during a period of severe stress. While at the FDIC, Isaac served as a member of the Depository Institutions Deregulation Committee, Chaired the Financial Institutions Examination Council, and served on the Vice President's Task Force on Regulation of Financial Services.
After his service at the FDIC, Isaac founded The Secura Group, a consulting firm providing regulatory counseling, risk management services, strategic studies, expert testimony, and management consulting for financial institutions, law firms, and governments. LECG acquired the Secura Group in 2007 at which time Isaac became an integral part of the financial services group at LECG.
Isaac is involved extensively in thought leadership relating to the financial services industry and policy makers worldwide. His articles are published in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, New York Times, Forbes, American Banker, and other leading publications. He also appears regularly on leading television and radio programs in the US and abroad, is a contributor to CNBC, testifies before Congress, and is a frequent speaker throughout the world on finance and regulatory matters.
Isaac is currently Senior Managing Director & Global Head of Financial Institutions for FTI Consulting. In May 2010, Isaac was elected chairman of Fifth Third Bancorp, and in 2014 was elected to the board of directors of Total System Services, Inc. (TSYS). He is a regular commentator on banking and financial issues for CNBC TV and regularly contributes opinion pieces for American Banker magazine and Forbes. His book Senseless Panic: How Washington Failed America, about the financial crisis of 2008, with foreword by former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, was published in June 2010 by Wiley & Sons.
- Recensio. Oxford, OH: Miami University. 1965. p. 247.
- "William M. Isaac Ph.D.". Businessweek. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "BUYER BEING SOUGHT FOR PUER TO RICO BANK". The New York Times. 1978-03-30. p. D1. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
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- "LECG to buy Secura Group". San Francisco Business Times. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Isaac, William M (2009-02-24). "Bank Nationalization Isn't the Answer: Trust me. I've done this before". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Isaac, William M (2008-09-27). "A Better Way to Aid Banks". The Washington Post. Pqarchiver.com. p. A.19. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Isaac, William M. (2009-01-28). "A Plan To Restore Lending". Forbes. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Isaac, William M. (2010-03-10). "Column: FDIC Is a Model for Resolution". American Banker. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- "TESTIMONY of WILLIAM M. ISAAC CHAIRMAN, THE SECURA GROUP OF LECG ..." (PDF). United States House of Representatives. 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- "FTI Consulting Appoints William M. Isaac As Head Of Its Financial Institutions Practice". Business Exchange. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "William M. Isaac-Bank on it". Forbes. Retrieved 2 April 2013.