William J. H. Boetcker
William John Henry Boetcker (1873–1962) was an American religious leader and influential public speaker.
The Ten Cannots
An outspoken political conservative, Rev. Boetcker is perhaps best remembered for his authorship of a pamphlet entitled The Ten Cannots that emphasizes freedom and responsibility of the individual on himself. Originally published in 1916, it is often misattributed to Abraham Lincoln. The error apparently stems from a leaflet printed in 1942 by a conservative political organization called the Committee for Constitutional Government. The leaflet bore the title "Lincoln on Limitations" and contained some genuine Lincoln quotations on one side and the "Ten Cannots" on the other, with the attributions switched. The genuine Lincoln quotations may have been from an address on March 21, 1864 in which Lincoln said "Property is the fruit of labor; property is desirable; is a positive good in the world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich, and hence, is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another; but let him labor diligently and build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence when built."  The mistake of crediting Lincoln for "The Ten Cannots" has been repeated many times since, notably by Ronald Reagan in his address to the 1992 Republican National Convention in Houston.
There are several minor variants of the pamphlet in circulation, but the most commonly accepted version appears below:
- You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift.
- You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.
- You cannot help little men by tearing down big men.
- You cannot lift the wage earner by pulling down the wage payer.
- You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich.
- You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money.
- You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class hatred.
- You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than you earn.
- You cannot build character and courage by destroying men's initiative and independence.
- And you cannot help men permanently by doing for them what they can and should do for themselves.
Boetcker also spoke of the "Seven National Crimes":
- I don’t think.
- I don’t know.
- I don’t care.
- I am too busy.
- I leave well enough alone.
- I have no time to read and find out.
- I am not interested.
- Raymond, Henry J. (2006). History of the Administration of President Lincoln. City: Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Library. ISBN 978-1-4255-5470-5.
- Edward Steers (2007). Lincoln legends: myths, hoaxes, and confabulations associated with our greatest president. University Press of Kentucky. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-8131-2466-7.
- "Abraham Lincoln on Prosperity". snopes.com. Retrieved 2010-04-06.
- Lawrence D. Alter. TOMORROW IS TODAY, A behavior modification methodology, guide, and workbook to manage the job search process. The Employment Clinic. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-615-18437-1.
- William J. H. Boetcker Manuscript Collection at Princeton Theological Seminary Library.