William Martin Aiken
William Martin Aiken
|Born||April 1, 1855|
|Died||December 7, 1908|
William Martin Aiken (April 1, 1855 – December 7, 1908) was an American architect who served as Supervising Architect of the United States Treasury and oversaw and participated in the design and construction of numerous federal buildings during his appointment that now reside on the National Register of Historic Places.
William Aiken was born in Charleston, South Carolina and educated at The University of the South from 1872 to 1874. He taught at his alma mater in his last year of attendance and moved to Charleston to teach a special course in architecture. In 1877, he moved to Boston, MA and continued to teach Architecture at MIT until 1879. After leaving MIT, he served under in the office of noted American architect Henry Hobson Richardson and left in 1883 to serve under other architects until 1886. He left Boston to start his own practice in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Aiken was appointed as Supervising Architect of the United States Treasury and sworn in on April 1, 1895. During his short tenure, he oversaw the design of many notable federal buildings such as the Denver and Philadelphia mints. He resigned his position on June 30, 1897 to practice architecture in New York with Bruce Price and act as a consultant architect to the City of New York.
Aiken died on December 7, 1908 during an operation at a New York City Hospital.
- Denver Mint (Initial Design) – Denver, Colorado
- Philadelphia Mint – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Bandstand, White Point Garden, Charleston, SC
- The Historic Federal Building, Pueblo, Colorado
- U.S. Post Office and Courthouse, San Francisco, California
- Castle Station US Post Office – Saginaw, Michigan
- Allegheny Post Office – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- East 23rd Street Bathhouse – New York City (with Arnold W. Brunner)
- Customs House Museum and Cultural Center (1898 Federal Post Office and Customs House) - Clarksville, Tennessee
- Leonard, John William; Marquis, Albert Nelson (1903). Who's Who in America (1903–1905 ed.). A.N. Marquis and Company. p. 12.
- Taylor, James Knox (December 1908). "In Memoriam — William Martin Aiken" (reprint). The American Architect and Building News. James R. Osgood & Co. XCIV (1722): 213. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- Aiken, William Martin (1906). "The Architecture of our Government Buildings". In La Follette, Robert. The Making of America. The Making of America Co.
- McLean, Robert Craik, ed. (Jan–Jun 1909). "The Western Architect, Volume 13". Minneapolis, Minnesota: American Institute of Architects. p. 24.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
- "The Federal Presence – U.S. Mint Buildings Across the Nation". US Treasury. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- "The Williams Music Pavilion". Charleston News & Courier. Apr 17, 1907. p. 12. Retrieved Sep 27, 2013.
- National Park Service. "Historical Society of Saginaw County :: Castle Building". Historical Society of Saginaw County. Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- "Background Information". Children's Museum of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
| Office of the Supervising Architect
James Knox Taylor