William S. Flynn

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William Smith Flynn
William Smith Flynn.jpg
54th Governor of Rhode Island
In office
January 2, 1923 – January 6, 1925
Lieutenant Governor Felix A. Toupin
Preceded by Emery J. San Souci
Succeeded by Aram J. Pothier
Member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives
In office
1912–1923
Personal details
Born (1885-08-14)August 14, 1885
Providence, Rhode Island
Died April 13, 1966(1966-04-13) (aged 80)
Boston, Massachusetts
Cause of death Heart failure
Resting place St. Francis Cemetery in Pawtucket
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Virginia H. Goodwin
Alma mater College of the Holy Cross,
Georgetown University Law Center
Profession Lawyer

William Smith Flynn (August 14, 1885 – April 13, 1966) of Providence, Rhode Island was the 54th Governor of Rhode Island from 1923 to 1925. He was a progressive Democrat.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Flynn was born August 14, 1885 in South Providence to James A. and Elizabeth C. (Kelly) Flynn,[2] a family of Irish descent. His father was a police officer in Providence's fifth precinct.[3] He graduated Classical High School in 1903.[2]

Flynn worked his way through College of Holy Cross by working as a purser and ticket agent for the Providence steamship company.[2][3][4] He graduated Holy Cross in 1907 and Georgetown Law School in 1910.[2] Flynn opened his law practice in Providence in 1911.[4]

His wife, Virginia H. Goodwin, died in 1960.[2] Flynn's brother John A. Flynn was a lawyer and a Providence College baseball coach.[2] His other brother Frederick J. Flynn was a New York attorney.[2]

Political career[edit]

Flynn served as a state representative from 1912 to 1923. As a legislator, he sponsored the Townsend-Flynn Act, which guaranteed Kosher food to Jewish inmates in state prisons, the first such law in the United States.[2] He also pushed for the abolition of the state property requirement for voters.[2]

At the state convention in 1922, Flynn won the Democratic nomination over favorite John T. Brown, Superior Court Judge.[5] Flynn lieutenants staged a coup by asking delegates to cast a "token vote of friendliness" for Flynn.[2] Flynn won by such a margin on the first ballot that no second ballot was held.[2][5]

Flynn was 37 years old when he won the Governorship, defeating Republican Harold J. Gross by 7,111 votes.[2] Flynn was one of the youngest men to hold the office.[5] Flynn was elected as part of a group of reform-minded young Democrats.[2] They called for a 48-hour work week.[2] Flynn served a single two-year term.

On May 17, 1924, the Ku Klux Klan held an illegal meeting at the state arsenal on Benefit Street, which attracted about 200 men. Governor Flynn denounced the KKK and forbade the group from meeting on state property.[6]

Conflict in the State Senate[edit]

Flynn's term was marked by extreme partisan conflict within the Rhode Island state senate, which was controlled by a Republican majority. A group of young Democratic legislators including Lt. Governor Felix A. Toupin and future Governor Robert E. Quinn staged filibusters for much of 1923-1924, attempting to get older Republicans to pass a resolution putting a constitutional convention up to a popular vote.[2] A fistfight, a small bromine gas attack, and an exodus of Republican state Senators followed.[2] These events made the Rhode Island state government the focus of national ridicule and scorn.[7] Flynn refused to call the National Guard to restore order, saying that the executive branch should not interfere with legislative matters.[2]

The Providence Journal falsely blamed the gas attack on the Democrats, and Democrats lost the 1924 elections statewide. In 1924 William Flynn ran for U.S. Senate. He received 83,138 votes[2] but lost to Republican Jesse H. Metcalf. The Providence Journal's president was Metcalf's brother.[8]

Later life, death[edit]

After his elective political life, Flynn remained active in politics and in his legal firm. He was involved in several prominent legal cases. He represented the Shoup Voting Machine Corporation when Rhode Island switched from paper ballots to voting machines in 1935.[2]

Flynn led the advisory board for the Public Works Administration from 1933 to 1934 and served as division director for Providence Civilian Defense during World War II.[2] He served on the Pawtucket-Central Falls Water Dispute Commission in 1937.[2] Flynn was a delegate to the 1936 Democratic National Convention and was a presidential elector in 1940.[2]

Flynn was a member of the Elks Club, the Eagles, the Knights of Columbus, the Old Pen and Pencil Club, the Sons of Irish Kings, and a president of the Society of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick.[2] He was a director of the United Transit Co.[2] He belonged to the Holy Name Society.[2]

Flynn died of heart failure on April 13, 1966, at New England Medical Center.[2][5] He was 80 years old.[4] His funeral was held at St. Paul's Church in Edgewood, and he was buried at St. Francis Cemetery in Pawtucket.[2]

Flynn was inducted into the Rhode Island Hall of Fame in 2014.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warwick's Villages & Historic Places
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "Wm. S. Flynn Dies; Former R.I. Governor". Providence, RI: The Providence Journal. 14 April 1966. p. 1. 
  3. ^ a b c "Governor William S. Flynn". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Conley, Patrick T. "Rhode Island Hall of Fame Honorees: Six Legal Luminaries" (PDF). Rhode Island Bar Journal. Rhode Island Bar Association. 63 (May/June 2015): 27–30. ISSN 1079-9230. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Flynn, Former Rhode Island Governor, Dies". Nashua Telegraph. Associated Press. 14 April 1966. p. 2. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Tardif, Elyssa (2013). Providence's Benefit Street. Arcadia Publishing. p. 75. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Spencer, Terry D'Amato (7 Aug 2013). "‘Laughing stock of the Jazz Age’ Part III: Bromine gas bomb in the Senate". Warwick Beacon. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Conley, Patrick J. (2011). The Rhode Island State Constitution. Oxford University Press. p. 33. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Emery J. San Souci
Governor of Rhode Island
1923–1925
Succeeded by
Aram J. Pothier