William Savage (1720 – 27 July 1789) was an English composer, organist, and singer of the 18th century. He sang as a boy treble and alto, a countertenor, and as a bass. He is best remembered for his association with the composer George Frideric Handel, in whose oratorios Savage sang.
Life and career
Savage first came to prominence as a boy treble in 1735, singing in a revival of Handel's Athalia and in Alcina during the composer's Covent Garden season. The role of Oberto in Alcina was composed with his voice particularly in mind. After his voice had broken, he initially continued his career singing as an alto (countertenor), and later turned into a bass. As a countertenor he performed possibly the small roles of La Fortuna and Childerico in Handel's operas, Giustino (1737) and Faramondo (1738), and also appeared in the first performance of Israel in Egypt (1739), as well as in revivals of other Handel oratorios. As a bass, he created the title role in Imeneo (1740), the role of Fenice in Deidamia (1741)  and that of Manoa at the premiere of the oratorio Samson (1743). The 18th-century musicologist Charles Burney described Savage's voice as a "powerful and not unpleasant bass". The description of his pupil R.J.S. Stevens is more complimentary: he describes Savage as possessing "a pleasant voice of two octaves", and details that Savage sang with "clear articulation, perfect intonation, great volubility of voice, and chaste and good expression".
In 1740 Savage was elected organist of Finchley Church; in 1744 he became a bass (Gentleman-in-ordinary) in the Chapel Royal's choir and in 1748 he was appointed Vicar Choral, Almoner and Master of the Choristers at St Paul’s Cathedral, where he influenced many of the following generation of high-class musicians. In 1777 he retired to Kent. He returned to London in 1780 in order to teach music but was not as successful as in previous years. He remained in London until his death there.
Some music in Savage's collection was given to the Royal Academy of Music upon the death of his student, R.J.S. Stevens, in 1837. The collection included Gloria, a composition identified as Handel's work only in 2001.
Savage was also a moderately prolific composer. He composed many anthems and other church music. His anthem "O Lord my God" is his most ambitious work and is written for accompaniment by string orchestra. He also composed music for solo violin and various canons, catches and rounds, composed for the Noblemen and Gentlemen’s Catch Club, of which Savage was a member. A more idiosyncratic piece was his "On the very first of May", set to nonsense poetry written by his wife.
|Almoner and Master of the Choristers of St Paul's Cathedral
- Grove. Savage's countertenor performing the role of Childerico is also stated by Hogwood (p. 146). According to the English conductor, "the countertenor voice was not typical of opera seria and Savage perhaps took the small soprano part of Childerico because of the problems [impresario] Heidegger encountered in casting it. It is certainly no historical precedent; in a similar dilemma Handel would normally have transposed or transferred a castrato part to a female singer". According to Anthony Hicks, however, the role of the goddess Fortuna was instead his last appearance as a treble, while the minor soprano part of Childerico, which has no arias, was probably sung an octave lower than written, having Savage's voice just broken (articles: Giustino (ii) and Faramondo, in Stanley Sadie (ed), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, II, pp. 121 e 440–441).
- The information for these performances and their dates comes from http://gfhandel.org/.
- Argent, Mark (ed), Recollections of R.J.S. Stevens: An Organist in Georgian London, Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992, p. 300.
- Gloria in excelsis Deo, "The Newly Discovered Musical Composition by Handel." See also this 2001 preface by Clifford Bartlett.
- Donald Burrows: "Savage, William", in Grove Music Online ed L. Macy (accessed 5 January 2007) grovemusic.com, subscription access.
- Hogwood, Christopher (2007). Handel (Revised edition), Thames and Hudson, ISBN 978-0-500-28681-4.
- Stevens, R.J.S. and Henry George Farmer: "A Forgotten Composer of Anthems: William Savage (1720-89)" in Music & Letters, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul., 1936), pp. 188–99 (available via JSTOR)