Sir William Walter Carlile, 1st Baronet, OBE, DL, JP (15 June 1862 – 3 January 1950) was a British Conservative Party politician from Gayhurst in Buckinghamshire who served from 1895 to 1906 as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Buckingham or (Northern) division of Buckinghamshire.
Carlile was the only son of James Walter Carlile of Ponsbourne Park in Hertfordshire and his wife Mary (née Whiteman) from Glengarr in Argyll. He was educated at Harrow and at Clare College, Cambridge, and later became a lieutenant of the 3rd Volunteer Battalion of the Oxfordshire Light Infantry (the former Royal Buckinghamshire Militia (King's Own)).
He held several offices in the county: as a Justice of the Peace, a Deputy Lieutenant (having been appointed in 1897), and an Alderman of Buckinghamshire County Council. In early 1900 he received a commission as major of the 1st Battalion, Buckinghamshire Rifle Volunteers.
Carlile first stood for Parliament at the 1892 general election, when he was defeated in Buckingham by the sitting Liberal Party MP Herbert Samuel Leon. He won the seat at the next election, in 1895, on a swing of 4.5%, and was re-elected in 1900. He stood down from the House of Commons at the 1906 general election, when Buckingham was won by the Liberal Frederick William Verney.
Having been appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1918, Carlile was made a baronet, of Gayhurst in the County of Buckingham, in the 1928 Birthday Honours. The baronetcy became extinct on his death.
His residence was listed in 1901 as Gayhurst House in Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, a late-Elizabethan stone mansion house formerly owned by Everard Digby, one of the conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Set in well-wooded park of 250 acres (1.0 km2), it has been described as "one of the most charming examples of Elizabethan architecture in the county".
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "C" (part 1)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901. London: Dean & Son. 1901.
- "Carlile, William Walter (CRLL881WW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "No. 26850". The London Gazette. 7 May 1897. p. 2538.
- "The War - The Volunteers". The Times (36062). London. 10 February 1900. p. 9.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 225. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "No. 26651". The London Gazette. 9 August 1895. p. 4479.
- "No. 27244". The London Gazette. 6 November 1900. p. 6768.
- "No. 27885". The London Gazette. 13 February 1906. p. 1038.
- "No. 30460". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 January 1918. p. 375.
- "No. 33400". The London Gazette. 3 June 1928. p. 4495.
- Page, William, ed. (1927). "Parishes : Gayhurst". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. pp. 343–347. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Walter Carlile
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Buckingham
1895 – 1906
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
of Gayhurst, Buckinghamshire