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William Wantling (November 23, 1933 – May 2, 1974) was an American poet, novelist, ex-Marine, ex-convict, and college professor born in East Peoria, Illinois. After graduating high school he joined the Marine Corps until 1955. He served in Korea during 1953. After leaving the Marines he moved to California and eventually had a son with his then-wife Luana. Wantling went to San Quentin State Prison in 1958 convicted of forgery and possession of narcotics. During his imprisonment Luana divorced him and took custody of the child. He was released in 1963, and returned to Peoria. There he married Ruth Ann Bunton, a fellow divorcee, in 1964. In 1966 he enrolled at Illinois State University, where he received both a BA and MA. He taught at the university up until his death on May 2, 1974. Wantling died of heart failure, possibly brought about by his extensive drug use.
Wantling's life as a Marine
Wantling alleged that he was the youngest Marine Sergeant (at 18) in combat. He also claimed that he spent ten days in a coma and eight weeks in the hospital recovering from burns after the jeep he was riding in hit a landmine, causing a 50-gallon barrel of gasoline on the jeep to ignite.
Appearance in other writers' work
Much of his poetry deals with his time spent in Korea during the war. Pusan Liberty is a first person account of the life of a heroin dealer in Pusan, South Korea. And without laying claim is a short and shocking poem about the indifference with which the American forces treated killing.
Initiation is about a couple trying to raise money to sustain their drug (presumably heroin) addiction. Unwilling to rob a stranger, the girlfriend offers to sell her body.
Poetry is about the failure of classic poetic devices to capture the reality and brutality of prison life.
The three poems mentioned above are included in the collection "The Awakening" by William Wantling (Rapp & Whiting, London, 1968) and the last two are included in "San Quentin's Stranger" by William Wantling (Caveman Press, Dunedin, 1973).
W.D. Ehrhart attempted to reconstruct Wantling's life by looking at military and prison records. He concluded that:
...what little we know about his life has already become distorted and mythologized, fiction made fact by constant repetition."
As a consequence it seems that much of Wantling's biography must be taken with a certain amount of skepticism.
- Penguin Modern Poets anthologies — Wantling appears in collection 12 of the first series along with Alan Jackson and Jeff Nuttall.
- Second Aeon — a British literary periodical. Wantling appears in the double issue 8&9.
- Korean War
- Beat generation
- Ehrhart, W.D.: "Setting the Record Straight on William Wantling", http://www.wlajournal.com/12_2/Ehrhart.pdf, p.224-230