Wolfgang Peters (born July 3, 1948 in Schwerte, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a former West German slalom canoeist who competed from the late 1960s to the mid-1970s. He won six medals at the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships with three golds (C-1: 1967, 1969; C-1 team: 1969), a silver (C-1 team: 1971) and two bronzes (C-1 team: 1967, 1973).
Peters also finished fifth in the C-1 event at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.
His daughter Violetta won a bronze medal in the women's K-1 event at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing representing Austria. His brother Ulrich is also a former slalom canoeist.