XHP

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XHP
Original author(s)Marcel Laverdet
Developer(s)Meta_Platforms
Initial releaseFebruary 2010 (2010-02)
Stable release
2.6.0 / May 10, 2018; 4 years ago (2018-05-10)[1]
Repository
Written inPHP, Hack
PlatformCross-platform
TypePHP Library
Licensebefore version 2.6: BSD License, Starting from version 2.6:MIT License
Websitefacebook.github.io/xhp-lib

XHP is an augmentation of PHP and Hack developed at Meta (formerly known as Facebook) to allow XML syntax for the purpose of creating custom and reusable HTML elements. It is available as an open-source software GitHub project and as a Homebrew module for PHP 5.3, 5.4, and 5.5. Facebook have also developed a similar augmentation for JavaScript, namely JSX.

Origins[edit]

XHP was loosely inspired by ECMAScript for XML[2] and created by Marcel Laverdet. It was first developed for Facebook Lite as a new UI rendering layer but was later ported over to Facebook's www and mobile web stack as well as incorporated into HipHop for PHP. It was made available to the public in February 2010 and until 2020 accounted for nearly all of Facebook app's server-side generated HTML.

In 2020, Facebook redesigned its primary web app[3] to run mostly on React components, rendered both server and client-side. XHP is still used in parts of Facebook but is a legacy technology now being phased out.

Benefits[edit]

XHP offers a much cleaner interface to UI programming when outputting HTML in PHP, but has some engineering advantages as well.

Parse-time validation of HTML syntax
XHP validates the syntax and structure of the entire document tree on render and will throw an exception if an element was not closed properly, has invalid children, has an invalid attribute, or is missing required children or attributes.
Automatic XSS protection
Because all rendering to the page is done inside XHP, and it knows what is HTML and what is content, XHP escapes all content without any special effort from the programmer.
Object mutation
XHP objects are stored as standard PHP objects, so they can be manipulated through a DOM-like API, which includes methods such as setAttribute(), getAttribute(), appendChild(), and several others prior to or during render.
Custom HTML
Instead of writing functions to generate HTML, or switching in and out of PHP, custom XHP elements can be defined and mixed in with standard HTML elements that will abstract out common HTML structures.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Releases". GitHub. 2019-03-06.
  2. ^ "Evan Priestley's answer to: Was XHP inspired by VB 9's "XML Literals" feature?".
  3. ^ N. Summers (2020-04-29). "Why Facebook redesigned Facebook.com". Engadget.

External links[edit]